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澳洲经济学论文代写:油价下跌

澳洲经济学论文代写:油价下跌

过去三个月油价一直在下跌——一个巨大的能源故事。在2000年年中,油价严重回落;对石油的需求增长超过供给,导致每桶油价接近每桶100美元。这一结果导致许多能源公司发现从难以开采的地方开采石油对他们来说更有利可图。因此,这种供应大于需求。今年2014年9月,利比亚的石油工业开始开采大量原油,这导致了全球石油产量的激增。甚至,在亚洲和欧洲 石油需求一直在下降。

需求的减少和供应来源石油价格的上涨,从六月的每桶115美元开始下跌,到十一月中旬,每桶石油价格将下降到每桶80美元左右。石油是一个很好的协议价格超过了十年前,当它是每桶40美元左右。但现在滑下来了。

汽油价格下跌对澳大利亚的经济产生了非常不利的影响。澳大利亚能源部门因最近两天油价暴跌而受挫,这可能进一步导致关闭各种项目(麦克格拉斯,2014)。

像澳大利亚股市这样的石油出口大国在很大程度上取决于其能源部门。它要么不得不减少外汇储备,要么就要削减计划开支。能源股因全球石油价格大幅下跌而流血,这对美元的价格也产生了负面影响。欧佩克宣布维持生产力水平恶化了局势。落在美元即货币折旧价格将导致更多的资本流出的国家。由于出口收入与进口支出不匹配,也对我国贸易顺差产生不利影响。油价持续下跌也会导致预算赤字和失业等社会问题。此外,公司盈利的下降将使股东的红利减少。能源股的低价格和分红引起了股东们的恐慌。预计美国、澳大利亚和利比亚等产油国将见证利润和金融活动的暴跌。这最终可能会导致经济衰退、失业、购买力下降。

澳洲经济学论文代写:油价下跌

Oil prices have been falling over the past three months — a huge energy story. Prices went to a serious fallback in mid of year 2000’s; the demand for oil was rising more than supply which resulted large price spikes nearly about $ 100 per barrel. The outcome of this resulted that many energy companies found that extracting oil form difficult to drill places would be more profitable to them. As a result this supply was more than demand. This led to boom in oil production to global market by September 2014 Libya’s oil industry began extracting out lots of crude. And even, oil demand in Asia and Europe has been declining.

The mixture of lesser demand and increasing supply sourced oil prices to begin plunging as of their June peak of $115 per barrel lessening to roughly $80 for each barrel by mid-November. Oil is a good deal pricier than it had been a decade ago, when it was around $40 per barrel. But it’s sliding down for now.

Falling petrol prices had a very much adverse effect on the economy of Australia. The energy sector of Australia suffered a setback due to recent collapse in oil prices in last two days which may further result into shutting down of various projects (Mcgrath, 2014).

A giant oil exporting country like Australia’s stock market largely depends on its energy sector. It will either have to draw down its foreign-exchange stores or curb on premeditated expenses. The energy stocks are bleeding due to sharp fall in the global oil prices which had a negative impact on the prices of dollar also. OPEC had worsened the situation by declaring to maintain the productivity level. Fall in the prices of dollar i.e. CURRENCY DEPRICIATION will result into increased capital outflow from the country. It also adversely affects our TRADE SURPLUS as export revenues don’t match up with import expenditure. A continuous fall in oil prices will also lead to budget deficit and social issues like unemployment. Moreover fall in the earning of companies will yield fewer dividends to its shareholders.  Low prices and dividend of energy stocks create a panic among shareholders. Oil- producing countries like United States, Australia and Libya are to be expected to witness a plummet in profits and financial activity. This may ultimately leave with recession, unemployment, lower purchasing power.