澳洲论文怎么写:故事的基本主题

澳洲论文怎么写:故事的基本主题

在大多数仪式习俗和神话中,巴斯蒂安认识到几个具有普遍吸引力的基本主题和主题。他称它们为基本思想,并发现它们适用于所有文化和宗教,除了少数例外。他认为这些主题是与生俱来的,超越了所有的文化。另一方面,民族观念与区分不同社会群体的文化身份有关,并以文化身份为基础。基于海关这些差异,价值观,语言和种族都反映在传说,寓言、故事、谚语,每个宗教的神话和说,地区或部落或文化(todayinsci.com)这概念提出的巴斯蒂安·中可以看到每个故事反映了一个普遍的主题,努力工作和情报总是得到回报,而懒惰的总是他们的甜点。


澳洲论文怎么写:故事的基本主题
然而,每一个故事都反映了代表该地区的文化,即非洲、欧洲和亚洲。每一个大陆,特别是每一种文化,都可以在每一个故事中看到,因为它们展开并达到高潮。容格认为原型存在于每个个体的潜意识中,无论他或她的文化或伦理背景如何。由于原型代表了人类,在不同的进化阶段,它们能够在读者或听众中唤起深刻而强烈的情感(Golden)。在贪婪的乌龟身上,国王是照顾他的臣民的人,他也可以被看作是统治者。乌龟是懒惰的人的缩影,而他的儿子是一个叛逆的人,必须打破规则,不管后果如何。

澳洲论文怎么写:故事的基本主题

Bastian recognized several essential themes and motifs in most ceremonial customs and myths that had a universal appeal. He called them elementary ideas and found them across all cultures and religions regardless with a few exceptions. He believed that these themes were inborn and transcended all cultures. Ethnic ideas on the other hand were related to and based on the cultural identities that differentiated various social groups. These differences based on customs, values, language and race were reflected in the legends, fables, tales, proverbs, myths and saying of each religion, region or tribe or culture (todayinsci.com).This concept put forth by Bastian can be seen in each of the stories which reflect the universal theme that hard work and intelligence are always rewarded, while the lazy always get their just desserts.


澳洲论文怎么写:故事的基本主题
However, each of the tales reflects the culture of the region that the represent viz., Africa, Europe and Asia. Each continent and specifically each culture can be seen in each of the stories as they unfold and reach the climax.Jung was of the opinion that archetypes reside in the subconscious of each individual, regardless of his or her cultural or ethical background. Since the archetypes represent human beings, at different levels of evolution they are able to evoke deep and strong emotions in the readers or listeners (Golden). In the greedy tortoise, the king is the caregiver who takes care of his subjects and he can also be seen as the Ruler. The tortoise is the epitome of the lazy man, while his son is the rebel who must break the rules regardless of the consequences.

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