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论文 代写:商业道德和维护道德规范

论文 代写:商业道德和维护道德规范

这篇文章强调了组织在商业道德和维护道德规范方面在公众、员工、客户和其他利益相关者中有更好的地位。本文有助于更好地介绍一个理解和研究商业道德的框架。作者以一个案例研究开始这篇文章,让读者进入一个情境,在这个情境中,他们将被迫考虑当组织没有遵循适当的道德规范时,员工可能面临的道德困境。因此,作者在整篇文章中都认为,任何企业都必须遵守道德准则。

论文 代写:商业道德和维护道德规范
他指出,道德规范有助于公司在客户、社会、员工和其他利益相关者的心目中立于不败之地。本文分为几个小标题,以非常清晰和简单的方式讨论了商业道德的概念,它的演变,重要性和相关性。通过假设的案例研究帮助读者理解员工在组织中可能面临的道德问题的概念。

论文 代写:商业道德和维护道德规范

The article highlighted that organizations during business ethically and maintaining ethical norms hold better position among general public, employees, customers and other stakeholders. The article helps to introduce a framework for understanding and studying business ethics in a better manner. The author starts the article with a case study that puts the reader into a situation where they will be compelled to think about the ethical dilemma that an employee might face when organizations don’t follow proper norms for ethics. So the author throughout the article argues that it is essential for any business to be within ethical boundaries.

论文 代写:商业道德和维护道德规范
He stated that ethical practices help companies to be in the good books of their customers, society, employees and other stakeholders. The article is divided into several subheadings that discuss the concept of business ethics, its evolution, importance and relevance in a very clear and simple manner. The case studies though hypothetical help the readers to understand the concept of ethical problem that employees might face within an organization.

书评写作服务:奢侈品牌的关键收入

书评写作服务:奢侈品牌的关键收入

对于奢侈品牌来说,零售店、批发或授权是收入的关键。以博柏利(Burberry Plc)为例,其主要渠道是零售或批发,授权许可从2011年的7%降至2015年的3%。这表明在过去的5年里,许可数量下降了近50% (Burberry Plc, 2016)。虽然零售或批发渠道成本在过去5年有所增加,但与早期相比,这一增长还不够显著。原因之一是越来越多的零售商店不接受许可证。

书评写作服务:奢侈品牌的关键收入
按收入计算,零售是最大的渠道,其次是批发渠道,然后是授权渠道。然而,授权许可是最赚钱的,因为它创造了超过80%的营业利润率,这意味着过去两年的下降损害了利润。零售渠道包括主线商店、百货商店内的特许权、在线数字商务和网点。Wholesale指的是对零售商(例如:百货商店)、特许经销商和美容产品的销售。授权主要包括眼镜和手表销售收入,其中80%来自日本(Burberry Plc, 2016)。

书评写作服务:奢侈品牌的关键收入

For luxury brands retail stores or wholesale or licensing is the key for revenue. In case of Burberry Plc, the main channels were retail or wholesale as licensing decreased from 7% in 2011 to 3% in 2015. This indicates that in the last 5 years, the licensing decreased by almost 50% (Burberry Plc, 2016). Though retail or wholesale channel cost increased in last 5 years, this increase was not significant enough as compared with the growth in early years. One reason for this is that licensing was not accepted with an increasing number of retail stores.

书评写作服务:奢侈品牌的关键收入
Retail is the largest channel by revenue followed by Wholesale and then Licensing. However, licensing is the most profitable, as it generates over 80% operating margins meaning the drop-off over the past two years has hurt profits. Retail channel includes mainline stores, concessions within department stores, online digital commerce and outlets. Wholesale refers to sales to retailers (for example: department stores) and franchisees as well as Beauty products. Licensing primarily includes income from the sale of eyewear and watches with 80% derived from Japan (Burberry Plc, 2016).

论文代写招聘:计算成本的方法

论文代写招聘:计算成本的方法

直接或可变技术是指在可变生产成本中资本化的技术。没有匹配的概念,因为目前的固定费用与存货的生产有关,并记入支出,即使在目前期间生产的货物没有出售。因此,直接成本法并不是一种适合于外部报告的方法。吞吐量技术的产生是为了与约束理论相适应。在此仅将材料成本计入存货。剩余的费用是在第一个周期内收取的,因此吞吐量是用销售额减去支出来计算的。

论文代写招聘:计算成本的方法
同样,这种方法也不适用于外部报告,因为费用没有在库存中资本化。此外,除了直接材料成本外,没有任何适当的匹配。全吸收成本法是一种传统的将行动成本资本化于存货中的方法。这意味着直到存货售出时,成本才被视为支出。这出戏配合得很好。它是外部报告和内部报告的有用方法。作业成本法是计算存货成本的一种现代方法。它有助于提供更精确的生产成本。成本跟踪所有的活动,然后跟踪使用这些行为的产品。

论文代写招聘:计算成本的方法

The direct or variable technique is one where in the variable production costs are capitalised. There is no concept of matching since the current fixed expenses are linked to the production of inventory and charged to the expenditure, even if the goods produced are not sold in the present period. Therefore, the direct costing isn’t an appropriate method for external reporting. Throughput technique had been created to go well with the aspect of theory of constraints. Herein, just the material costs are charged to the inventories. The remaining expenses are charged in the period first so throughput is calculated by sales minus expenditure.

论文代写招聘:计算成本的方法
Again, this method is also not suitable for external reporting because the expenses are not capitalised in the inventory. And also there isn’t any appropriate matching rather the expenses are expensed, except the direct materials costs.The full absorption costing method is a conventional way wherein the action costs are capitalised in inventory. This means till the time inventory is sold, then the costs are not considered as expenditures. This play matching is done quite appropriate. It is useful method for external reporting as well as internal reporting.ABC costing activity based costing which is a modern technique to calculate the cost of inventory. It helps to give more precise costs of production. The costs are tracked with all the activities and then with the products which make use of these acts.

调研报告怎么写:国际货币基金组织

调研报告怎么写:国际货币基金组织

MF global主要支持全球经济和交易所的稳定。它促进了国际贸易的扩张和平衡增长。此外,它还支持建立一个多边支付系统来支付目前的交易。然而,国际货币基金组织是最重要的国际组织之一;伟大的经济体是组织的成员,组织与世界银行合作;对该组织的信心正在减弱。国际货币基金组织总裁克里斯蒂娜·拉加德因滥用公共基金而被判有罪。她在法国法庭被判有罪。

调研报告怎么写:国际货币基金组织

此外,根据文章“I.M.F.”。由克里斯汀·拉加德(Christine Lagarde)主持,她被判犯有过失杀人罪。然而,在《纽约时报》2016年12月19日的《纽约时报》(New York times)上,国际货币基金组织(IMF)总裁在法庭上判定该组织支持其总统。国际货币基金组织的董事们表示,他们认为法院的决定,他们完全相信他们的总经理能够履行指派给她的职责。它减少了组织的信任(Alderman, Thomas & Breeden, 2016)。

调研报告怎么写:国际货币基金组织

The MF mainly supports the stability of global economic and exchange. It facilitates the expansion as well as the balanced growth of the international trade. Besides this, it supports in establishing a multilateral system of payments for the current transactions. However, the IMF is one of the most significant international organizations; the great economies are the members of the organization, and the organization works with World Bank; the faith for the organization is diminishing. The Managing Director IMF Christine Lagarde was convicted of a criminal charge because of misusing the public fund. She was found guilty in the French court.

调研报告怎么写:国际货币基金组织
Moreover, according to the article “I.M.F. Stands by Christine Lagarde, Convicted of Negligence” by Landon Thomas Jr…, Alderman, and Aureliien Breeden of Dec 19, 2016, of The New York times, however, the president of IMF found guilty in the court that the organization stands by their president. The directors of IMF stated that they deemed the court’s decision and they had complete faith in the capability of their MD to carry out the duties assigned to her. It reduces the trustworthy of the organization (Alderman, Thomas & Breeden, 2016).

澳洲代写被抓

澳洲代写被抓

第三篇文章是由Ausustas Degutis和Lina Novickyte根据有效市场假说(Degutis and Novickyte, 2014)的发展而开发的。在研究中提出了重要的文献综述,表明资本市场的发展(Degutis和Novickyte, 2014)改变了有效市场假说的实证有效性和相关性。因此,研究了波罗的海证券市场,以了解目前有效市场假说的现状(Degutis和Novickyte, 2014)。有人认为,股票的回报将不会对未来的回报产生影响,但有一种理解是,股票价格的变动是由于关键信息,证明了目前市场的半强劲的市场效率存在。

澳洲代写被抓

从上述讨论中得出,有效市场假说和随机漫步理论是行为金融学领域近期发展的基础。此外,世界各地的各个市场都被发现在确定的理论范围内运作。

澳洲代写被抓

The third article is developed by Ausustas Degutis and Lina Novickyte based on the developments from the efficient market hypothesis (Degutis and Novickyte, 2014). The critical literature review is offered within the study that suggests that the empirical validity and the relevance of the efficient market hypothesis are being changed by the capital markets development (Degutis and Novickyte, 2014). Therefore, the Baltic stock market was researched for understanding the present efficient market hypothesis status (Degutis and Novickyte, 2014). It was identified that the stock return of one day will not be responsible for the influence of the futuristic returns, but it is contested with the understanding that the changes of stock price due to key information proves the semi-strong market efficiency presence in the current markets.

澳洲代写被抓

It has been concluded from the above discussion that the efficient market hypothesis and random walk theory are the basis of the recent developments in the sector of behavioural finance. Moreover, the various markets across the world are found to be operating within the identified theory scope.

 

个人陈述-市场效率

个人陈述

研究人员主要开发并使用了市场效率假说,以确定基本的价格效率或投资者对它的看法是企业收购策略的一部分。因此,对股票价格的感知使得对收购的现金投标和公开市场报价之间的决策成为可能。公开市场报价是由投资者选择的,其中股票价格不知情,股票的真正内在价值不代表(装甲和Cheffins, 2016)。然而,当对股票价格的信心和对组织内在价值的认同时,现金投标的报价是当前的收购方法。因此,如果取得了可靠的假设,就会提出收购和交换投标建议。

个人陈述

研究人员在Fama有效市场假说的基础上提出了这一主张,即股价并不一定是内在组织价值的晴雨表,而是投资者对准确性的信念(Armour和Cheffins, 2016)。因此,有效市场假说的半强势形式是这一发展的基础.

个人陈述

The researchers have primarily developed and used the market efficiency hypothesis for surfacing the point that the fundamental price efficiency or the investors’ perception about it is integral to the strategy of the corporate takeovers. Hence, the perception of the share prices enables the decision making between the offers of cash tender and open market bids for the acquisitions. The open market bids are selected by the investors wherein the share prices are not informed and the true intrinsic value of the stock is not represented (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). However, when the confidence about the share prices is present and identification of the intrinsic worth of organization is made, the offers of cash tenders are the prevailing method of acquisition. Hence, the bids of take over and exchange tender proposals are made if the reliable assumptions are achieved.

个人陈述

The researchers have developed the claim on the basis of the efficient market hypothesis of Fama that the share price does not essentially have to be the barometer of the intrinsic organizational value, but it is the belief of the investors over the accuracy (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). Therefore, the semi-strong form of the efficient market hypothesis was the basis for this development.

 

personal statement 代写

personal statement 代写

该研究强调,最好的知情投资者只能对真实的组织共享价值进行评估。这意味着,即使公众和非公开信息是由投资者获得的,组织所面临的未来挑战,以及董事会故意持有的信息,都可能导致不准确的股价(甲和Cheffins, 2016)。因此,股票市场的波动受到投资者最佳假设的影响,这表明市场对于组织或某一特定行业未来前景的共识可能是不准确的。因此,股票价格被认为是对商业价值假设的最佳选择,因为它包含了公共信息。研究人员声称,上述发现是由于投资者的行为,包括对公司业绩评估的强烈财务动机,将对股价(甲和Cheffins, 2016)进行控制。

personal statement 代写

价格的准确性和信息效率的均衡性是基于两个不同的因素。这些因素是由研究人员提出的,这些因素是由投资者获得的信息的可用性和方式的程度和性质。此外,研究表明,市场的四种机制是有效的资本市场假说,即它在效率下降的过程中发挥作用。研究人员建议,如果在知情的交易中考虑到对价格敏感的信息(装甲和Cheffins, 2016),股票的价格应该在半高的效率中以一致的方式运作。然而,如果交易是基于不知情的方式,结果将会不同。

personal statement 代写

The study emphasis that the best informed investors can merely make the estimations of the organizational share values that are real. This implication is made with the consideration that even if the public and non-public information is obtained by the investor, the future challenges faced by the organization and purposely held information by the board of directors can result in inaccurate share prices (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). Hence, the stock market fluctuations are influenced by the best assumptions of the investors, this indicates to the fact that the market consensus about the future prospects of the organization or a particular industry can be inaccurate possibly. Hence, the share price is considered as the best option available for the assumptions about the business value due to the public information it incorporates. The above findings are claimed by the researchers to take place due to the actions of the investors comprising of strong financial motivations for the corporation performance evaluation will be performed to the control of the share price (Armour and Cheffins, 2016).

personal statement 代写

The manner in which the price accuracy and information efficiency is equated is based on the two distinct factors. These factors are suggested by the researchers to the extent and nature of the information availability and manner in which it is obtained by the investors. Moreover, the study indicated that the four mechanism of the market implies by the efficient capital market hypothesis is that it functions in the declining efficiency. It is suggested by the researchers that the prices of share should function in a consistent manner within the semi-strong efficiency if the informed trading takes place with consideration to the information sensitive to price (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). However, the outcome will differ if the trading is based on uninformed manner.

英国论文抄袭

英国论文抄袭

研究人员认为,对股价效率和收购报价的考虑,与股价有关的效率方面,在不同的角度考虑和理解是至关重要的。通过有效的资本市场假说(装甲和Cheffins, 2016),可以理解股价及其效率。弱者,半强势和强形式的假设是声称考虑股票市场运作在半强势效率方面如果股票的价格展示的信息公开和市场弱式效率可以承认如果他价格展示所有信息出现在过去的股票价格。研究人员认为,如果市场达到了这些形式的效率标准,那么对之前价格波动的评价将无法预测未来价格走势。因此,假设“强势市场的主张”展示了公共和非公众的所有信息(装甲和Cheffins, 2016)的价格。

英国论文抄袭

本研究的文献表明,即使在股票市场中存在信息效率的情况下,投资者也需要继续进行,以确保对股票价格效率的唯一依赖不应该是这种情况。这是在投资者经常得出的结论,即有效价格将被认为是正确的,并且是对未来的净案例流动的高可靠性的指标,并高估了潜在的证券价值(Armour and Cheffins, 2016)。其中一名研究人员认为,资本市场是无摩擦的,而价格证券是对股票固有价值的最有效估值。这一论断暗示,信息有效的股票价格并没有显示出投资者所建议的进一步调查的根本效率。

英国论文抄袭

It is implied by the researchers that the consideration of the share prices efficiency and the bids of takeover, the aspect of efficiency related to the share price are essential to consider and understand in varied perspectives. The share prices and its efficiency can be understood through the efficient capital market hypothesis (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). The weak, semi-strong and the strong form of hypothesis are taken into account for claiming that the stock market operates with efficiency within the semi-strong aspect if the prices of share showcases the information that is publicly available and the market efficiency in the weak form can be recognized if he prices showcase all information present in the past prices of share. It is argued by the researchers that if market meets the efficiency standard of these forms, the evaluation of the prior fluctuations in the price will not enable the forecast of the future movements of the price. Therefore, the hypothesis’ claim of strong market to showcase the prices of share with all information both public and non-public (Armour and Cheffins, 2016).

英国论文抄袭

The literature of this study implies that the investors are required to proceed with causes even if the informational efficiency is present in the stock market to ensure that sole reliance on the share price efficiency should not be the case. This is stated as the investors often conclude that efficient prices will deem to be correct and are the indicators of high reliability for the future flows of net case and overestimates the underlying securities value (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). One of the researchers argues that the capital markets are frictionless and price securities are at the most effective estimate of the value that is intrinsic to the stock. This assertion implies that the informational efficient stock prices do not suggest fundamental efficiency due to which further investigation is suggested on the part of the investors.

論文代寫價錢

論文代寫價錢

研究结果表明,随机漫步的各种测试结果表明,随机漫步在DSE中是不存在的。这种随机性的偏差可能是由于市场上的流动性不足,市场参与者缺乏经验,交易清淡(Abbas, 2014)。该研究为投资者提供了证据和暗示,说明交易量和历史价格,以及对大马士革证券交易所市场回报的预测。因此,投资者有可能产生不正常的利润。然而,重要的是,投资者认为,由于缺乏流动性和效率低下的市场(Abbas, 2014),存在重大损失的可能性。由于DSE既是新生市场,又是年轻市场,因此,美国证券交易委员会(Securities and Exchange Commission,简称sec)需要对信息效率的提高进行一定程度的评估,并向投资者灌输信心。

論文代寫價錢

另一篇由Fama所做的贡献,并在有效市场假说的基础上进行研究的文章,是由John Armour和Brian Cheffins开发的,其主题是股票市场价格和企业控制市场(Armour and Cheffins, 2016)。在本研究中,Fama的贡献被扩展到对公司收购的评估中,以了解公司的股票市场和股票价格。

論文代寫價錢

The overall findings made from the research indicate that the variety of tests for the random walks lead to the conclusion that the random walks are absent in the DSE. The deviation from the randomness can be due to the illiquidity in the market, experience lacked by the participants of the market and thin trading (Abbas, 2014). The study provides with the evidence and implication for the investors that the volume traded and the historical prices and enable prediction of the market returns in the Damascus securities exchange. Therefore, there is a possibility of making abnormal profits by the investors. However, it is essential that the investors consider that there is a probability of major losses due to the illiquid and inefficient market (Abbas, 2014). Since the DSE is both nascent and young market, the Securities and Exchange Commission is required to apply certain measured for the information efficiency improvement and for instilling the confidence among the investors.

論文代寫價錢

Another article that the contribution made by Fama and developed the study on the basis of the efficient market hypothesis is developed by John Armour and Brian Cheffins with the topic of the stock market prices and the market for corporate control (Armour and Cheffins, 2016). The contributions of Fama are extended in this study for evaluating the corporate takeover with understanding of the stock market and stock prices of the organization.

 

个人陈述代写-证券交易

个人陈述代写

从文献研究中发现,大马士革证券交易所是叙利亚地区唯一的股票市场。金融证券和市场委员会负责监督和监管DSE (Abbas, 2014)。股票市场在2009年出现,当时只有6家公司上市。虽然上市组织的总数有所增长,但仍低于50。其中一个考虑因素是,DSE的开放发生在全球金融危机中,随后发生了地方和地区政治危机。DSE的上市组织分为五个部分:银行、服务、保险、农业和工业。

个人陈述代写

由于上市公司中大多数是银行,银行业占据了主导地位。此外,股票市场的划分是主要的和增长的市场。增长市场进一步细分为A和B (Abbas, 2014)。研究人员进一步建议,主要市场内的上市公司与成长型市场中的上市公司相比,具有临时的指标。在结束时,相关价格的自然对数是确定的,并以连续的方式(Abbas, 2014)计算出复合回报的时间序列的每日间隔。这是由研究人员使用以下公式进行的: 在这个等式中,Pt和Pt -1说明了分别在t和t-1 (Abbas, 2014)中股票指数的价格。

个人陈述代写

It was surfaced from the research of the literature that the Damascus Securities Exchange is the sole stock market in the region of Syria. The Commission on Financial Securities and Markets is responsible for the monitoring and regulation of the DSE (Abbas, 2014). The stock market emerged recently in the year of 2009 with mere six organizations listed. Even though, there had been growth in the total number of listed organizations, but numbers are still below 50. One of the factors taking into account is that the opening of DSE took place within the global financial crisis and the local and regional political crisis took place subsequently. The listed organizations of DSE are categorized in five segments, banking, services, insurance, agriculture and industrial (Abbas, 2014). The banking sector is dominating the stock exchange as majority of the companies listed are banks. Furthermore, the division of stock market takes place as main and growth market. The growth market is further segmented as A and B (Abbas, 2014). The researcher further suggested that the listed companies within the main market holds improvised indicators as compared to the listed organization in the Growth market.

个人陈述代写

The natural log of the associated prices at closing is determined and calculated for the daily intervals for the production of time series of the compounded returns in a continual manner (Abbas, 2014). This was performed by the researcher with the use of following equation: In this equation, the Pt and Pt -1 illustrated the price of the stock index at the respective time t and the t-1.