However, it is to be noted that the idea of liberty was strongly influenced by the political morale’s in the 1930s. In this regard, it would be insightful to consider the opinion of the US President, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He believed that the word liberty must be perceived from the point of the political freedom, such that it would signify the release from the clutches of a powerful; government in his New Deal. His employment of the ‘New Deals’ led to the establishment of several governmental agencies. In fact, he emphasized upon the idea of liberty with greater passionate expression and claimed that this new idea of liberty implied a greater capability for economic opportunity and power for the entrepreneurs and the investors. In this regard, it must be noted that this idea of Roosevelt was greatly criticized by Hoover who “accused his successor of endangering the fundamental American liberties” (Hoover, 1936). Hoover also added that the Roosevelt was “either operating out of sheer opportunism, with no coherent purpose of policy or was conspiring to impose the European ideas on the United States” (Hoover, 1936). These conflicting ideas on the fundamental of liberties continued to create a political rift among the parties and resulted in what would be known as the ‘holy crusade for liberty’. It must be understood that Hoover had mainly opposed the idea of Roosevelt because of the economic reasons. America was already deep in financial depths, which in his words, had resulted in gigantic expenditures that would be possible to be repaid by the next two generations. In his opinion, the New Deals had amounted not to freedom but to the slavery of a man who would be exercising his efforts for the fruitless follies of the government. Therefore, contrary to Roosevelt’s idea of liberty from a powerful government, Hoover contended that “fundamental American liberties are at stake. Is the Republican Party ready for the issue? Are you willing to cast your all upon the issue, or would you falter and look back? Or have you determined to enter the holy crusade for liberty that shall determine the future and the perpetuity for a nation of free man? (Hoover, 1936)
However, it must be understood that the quest for liberty did not end here and by the virtue of the 1922 Equal Rights Amendment Act, initiated by the relentless endeavor of the National Women’s party, all the illegal gender-based discrimination was abolished between the men and women. This newfound liberty for women granted the women right to education and economic independence. Therefore, liberty was not just confined on the socio-political front, but has manifested in terms of individual right and freedom. It was rightly commented that, “The political right of citizens is not properly dependent upon sex, but social and domestic relations” (Geidel, 1980). On the other hand, it was yet to be realized among the black or the colored section of the society, who were two-fold removed and deprived from the mainstream life of America. The racial subjugation of the black people had worsened the condition of the coloured women in America. It was not until the National Negro Congress was formed in 1935, the basic right and liberties were unrealized for the Black community. Any kind of discrimination based on work, gender, payment, and union could not be carried out against the black people anymore. It was by the power of the National Negro Congress that the black community had their rights safeguarded.