代写-澳大利亚土著居民种族歧视的社会问题 。澳大利亚土著人民所面临的歧视是一个普遍存在的重大社会问题。由于歧视行为的普遍存在，一半以上的澳大利亚人声称目睹了对土著人民的歧视行为。对于减少对土著人民的歧视的刻板印象有一些消极的看法(Paradies, 2015)。之所以选择这个问题，是因为种族主义正在剥夺澳大利亚人民在多样化框架下所能提供的独特经验和见解。承认和减少种族主义与建立一个更美好、更幸福、更健康的国家有关。
Racial discrimination refers to the unfavourable or unfair treatment, or harassment of an individual due to their nationality, national and ethnic origin, descent, colour or/and race. It has been stated more often that lawful prohibitions over racial discrimination cannot end up eliminating the attitudes responsible for underlying these types of behaviours (Nelson, 2015). Racism is prejudice and discrimination towards individuals on the basis of their ethnicity or race. The ideology underlying practices of racism are inclusive of humans in subdividing various groups. The variations are specific in terms of innate capacities and social behaviour, with either superior or inferior ranking. Under general terms, racism helps in describing a social condition within which benefits are enjoyed by dominant racial groups in oppressing the others. The concepts of racism and race are caused due to observable biological attributes, while the major cause of racism is cultural ideology (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2012). In the form of an ideology, there is social existence of racism at institutional level and at individual level.
Related Challenges and Problems
At individual level, experiencing racial discrimination results in substance misuse, poor life quality, depression and psychological distress. These make significant contributions in the experience of maximum ill- health by aboriginals. Experiencing stress for a prolonged period can also result in negative physical effects on cardiovascular, endocrine and immunity systems. There is further reluctance among aboriginals for seeking much- required welfare, housing or health service as they end up experiencing negative stereotypes. The entire health system is also not providing equal care among indigenous people in comparison with Australians (Manheim, 2011). The systematic setting of racism is not the necessary outcome of ill-will through health practitioners, but inappropriate assumptions are reflected in context with the belonging of individual behaviour or health to a specific group. Racism is neither harmless nor rare. It has strong embedment with pattern of behaviours and events making significant contributions in suffering ill-health by the victims (Lewthwaite et al., 2015). In order to deal with racial discrimination, governments should be making improved progress in committing for closure of gap due to this particular social issue.
Context for Examining the Issue
In the year 2014, approximately 20 per cent the Australians were experiencing discrimination due to their religion, ethnic origin, or skin colour. Discrimination being self- reported is a major trend in the current era. Since the arrival of white population in Australia, major difficulties are faced in understanding the culture of aboriginal people. Ignorance resulted in the death of many aboriginal people by the white population, and efforts were put in for breeding out their culture by assimilation (Coulby, 2008). Aboriginal individuals are misunderstood continuously by the politics of white Australians. It has been claimed that a number of legislative acts are reflecting a white perception where there is a minimum necessity for dual perception. Racial discrimination is evident in all industrial sectors of Australia as aboriginals seek job opportunities in Australia. In Australia, it is important for recognizing aboriginal population under the constitution for a number of reasons (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2008). One specific reason is that it can contribute in improving governance and stewardship through the health of aboriginals. However, the overall process across recognizing constitution presents difficulties, yet crucial conversation in context with racism and its relationship with other variables.