The diamonds being used as an economical product, spurred off much competition internationally. Some of the existing conflicts observed are in areas of Angola, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Most of these lands are diamond rich and serve as the direct suppliers for diamonds. Supply for diamonds is behest with greediness and this has resulted in a war like state in these places. What should have been a natural part of the economy has actually become a war of different elements. At one end, there are political motivations, as the political side which has the most trade negotiations for diamond mining would be the able to rule the place. Thence, political sides fight in order to gain access to diamond reserves. In these individual and economic conflicts, the civilians are injured leading to more conflicts and unrest. Researchers note that the fight for natural resources such as diamonds is one of the reasons why some regions in Africa are still in poverty. Diamonds are a positive influence on economy, however, these issues of diamond sourcing is something that has come under concerns. Similar issues are also reported in Zimbabwe.
Diamond as a product commodity is sourced from some key areas. Diamonds are usually found as Kimberlite rocks and placer deposits or alluvial deposits. They are formed under extreme heat over the years as extreme pressure was applied on carbon atoms leading to their crystallization. Such diamonds then find their way up to the surface of the earth when there is volcanic activity. Usually, these deposits pile up at the surface and get washed out to fertile alluvial deposits nearby. Therefore, areas of volcanic activity and areas where there are some natural movement such as the glacier etc is where diamonds are usually found. This happens in some regions of Russia, Botswana and South Africa. Notable deposits are also found in Namibia, Sierra Leone, Australia, Arkansas and Wyoming Canada. Zimbabwe was one of the main countries where diamonds were found. Zimbabwe’s central bank and its mining development corporation ZMDC seek to regulate diamond as an export commodity. They work with the mineral marketing corporation of Zimbabwe MMCZ. The MMCZ regulate trade and still around 40-50 million USD in diamond trade is lost as there are smuggling activities going on. Direct investment declines and loss of client trust in relationships are observed because of this.