代写演讲稿ppt:互联网系统的演变

代写演讲稿ppt:互联网系统的演变

自从电信出现在世界上以来,它正处于快速的变化和发展的步伐。它的目的是帮助普通用户,使他们可以平等和不受限制地访问互联网上的所有信息。随着互联网的发展,追求利润的公司也越来越多。自2002年以来,现有运营商赢得了拥有独立互联网基础设施的权利,这些基础设施可用于向企业和家庭提供互联网。从那时起,美国的互联网接入垄断制度使接入质量和竞争受到了影响。这种垄断的互联网系统看起来就像半个世纪前出现的贝尔系统。贝尔制度是政府为资本积累而实行的垄断制度。它于1984年结束。
该系统还要求对平台和新兴技术拥有专有权利。当互联网已成为企业资本积累的主要对象时,很明显,人们预计会对中立性做出妥协。互联网是一个开放的系统,可以访问各种各样的信息、文本、网站等,这可能会给社会带来革命性的变化(Bagdikian, 2014)。然而,互联网并没有成为一个预期中的开放系统,而是变成了一个利润最大化的封闭系统。根据“一个似乎越来越开放的公共领域,从商品交易所的世界,似乎正在演变成一个私人领域,越来越封闭,专有,甚至垄断市场”(McChesney, 2012, p. 97)。

代写演讲稿ppt:互联网系统的演变

Since the telecommunication has emerged in the world, it is on the pace of rapid changes and development. It was meant to help the common users so that they may have equal and unrestricted access to all information available on Internet. Since Internet evolved, the number of profit seeking companies has also increased. Since 2002 incumbent carriers won the right to have the independent Internet infrastructures that can be used to deliver the Internet to business and homes. Since then quality of access and competition had suffered from the system of monopoly towards accessing Internet in America. This monopolistic Internet system seems to appear like the Bell System, which had emerged a half-century back. The Bell System was the monopoly system that was run by Government for the purpose of capital accumulation. It was ended in 1984.
This system also required to have proprietary rights on platforms and emerging technologies. It is obvious to expect compromises with neutrality, when Internet has become the main subject for capital accumulation by the companies. The Internet is an open system of accessing wide array of different kind of information, texts, websites etc, which has potential brought revolutionary changes in society (Bagdikian, 2014). Still, Internet has not become an open system which was expected, but it has become a closed system of maximizing profit. According to “What seemed to be an increasingly open public sphere, removed from the world of commodity exchange, seems to be morphing into a private sphere of increasingly closed, proprietary, even monopolistic markets” (McChesney, 2012, p. 97).

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