代寫作業:關於道德的案例

代寫作業:關於道德的案例
上述廣告和獎勵的情況,如果根據不同的法律背景來考慮,就不那麼簡單了,這意味著這種情況可能決定法律的解釋方式。考慮一篇研究文章中給出的一個簡單例子。為了便於討論,假設一個人約翰有一隻狗。現在這隻狗不見了,約翰登廣告說,任何能向約翰提供有關在哪裡能找到這隻狗的信息的人都會得到獎賞。如果要從法律意義上對待這則廣告,毫無疑問,看廣告的人以及向約翰提供有關狗在哪裡的信息的人,一旦根據共享的信息找到了狗,約翰就會獎勵他。然而,案例場景不需要這麼簡單。每一個行動並不會導致另一個行動。考慮爭論,一個人彼得找到了狗,他把狗帶回了約翰身邊。現在的問題是約翰是否應該獎賞彼得。這個問題可能不會在道德上或道德上出現。
無論如何,因為彼得幫助了約翰,把狗還給了他,而且約翰已經把獎賞給了找到並找回狗的人,約翰就把獎賞給了彼得。然而,在法律背景下,可能會有許多問題。首先,Peter沒有看到廣告,所以本質上他可能沒有對廣告做出回應,這是否意味著Peter沒有通過獎勵廣告和John簽訂合同?在這裡可以發現哪些法律實體,以及什麼樣的框架可以適當地捕獲法律義務或缺少法律義務,這成為一個需要在這裡理解的重要問題。理解這些形式的問題也是研究的動機。不同國家的不同法律制度處理這一問題的基礎是是否有必要建立一種法律關係(如合同)或是否必須履行所作的承諾(如單方面原則)。獎勵是向公眾發表的聲明。當一份聲明承諾一筆錢或其他東西時,一些法律制度規定,執行廣告行為的人自動有權獲得獎勵。

代寫作業:關於道德的案例

The above situation of an advertisement and a reward is not so simple when considered based on different legal contexts, meaning the situation might decide how the law is being interpreted. Consider a simple example presented in a research article. Assume for the sake of discussion that a person John owns a dog. Now the dog has disappeared and John has advertised that anybody that can provide John with some information on where to find the dog will be rewarded. If the advertisement is to be treated in the legal sense, it goes without saying that the person who views the advertisement and who presents John with some information on where the dog is would be rewarded by John once he finds the dog based on the shared information. However, the case scenario need not be so straightforward. Every one of the action does not lead to another. Consider for argument, that a person Peter finds the dog and he brings the dog back to John. Now the question will arise as to whether John should reward Peter. The question might not arise ethically or morally.
In either case, since Peter helped John and returned his dog back to him and since John had set out the reward for the person who finds and restores the dog anyways, John would give away the reward to Peter. However, in the legal context, there can be many questions. Firstly, Peter has not seen the advertisement, so in essence he might not be responding to the advertisement, so would this mean Peter has not entered into the contract with John through the rewards advertisement? What are the legal entities that can be discovered here and what framework will appropriately capture the legal obligations or the lack of it becomes a significant issue to understand here. Understanding these forms of questions are also a motivation for the research.Different legal systems in different countries approach the problem based on whether or not a legal relationship is necessary (as in the case of a contract) or whether a promise made has to be carried out, no matter what (as in the case of a unilateral doctrine). The reward is a declaration made to the public. When a declaration is made promising a sum of money or something, then some legal systems state that the person who performs the act advertised is automatically entitled to the reward.

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