essay 代寫:權利距離

essay 代寫:權利距離
任何組織中的權力距離都是指員工理解組織中這種權力分佈的能力。在權力距離大的組織中,下級職員必須服從管理人員和行政人員。級別高的員工不會向級別低的員工徵求建議或抱怨,他們只是下達命令,級別低的員工應該服從命令。經理和員工之間的關係並不友好。他們不一起吃飯、娛樂或戶外活動。反之,在低權力距離的組織中,管理者和勞動者是一個友好的團隊。老闆向下級員工諮詢,並期望他們參與建議。該屬性通過PDI度量即功率距離指數來求值。不確定性迴避指的是一個人在不確定或非結構化情況下的兩種感覺的能力。不確定的情況可能是不規則的、不尋常的、令人驚訝的和無法預見的。
在這裡,人們必須採取措施和行動,盡量減少不正常事件造成的焦慮。該準則將各國劃分為高不確定性規避指數和低不確定性規避指數兩個分支。具有高不確定性規避指數的國家更有可能有嚴格的規則和信念。這些國家的人民不願適應非正統的行為和創新的思想。他們總是盡量避免立即的改變,在任何情況下都選擇謹慎和漸進的改變。這些人通常更加情緒化和敏感。另一方面,不確定性規避指數低的國家具有非常寬鬆和適應性的信念。他們相信實踐勝於原則。他們歡迎創新的想法和改善的變化。即使在非結構化的情況下,這些人也能更好地適應變化。他們能在很大程度上忍受不舒服的區域。該屬性通過UAI指標即​​不確定性規避指數來度量。

essay 代寫:權利距離

Power distance in any organization refers to the ability of workforce to understand this power distribution in the organization. In organizations which have high power distance, lower staff has s to be submissive to their managerial and executive staff. The high ranked staffs do not consult with their lower staff for suggestions or complains rather they just pass orders and low staff is supposed to follow them. The relation between manager and workforce is not a friendly one. They do not have meals together, recreation or outdoor activities. Contrarily, in low power distance organization, managers and labours work as a friendly team. Bosses consult to the lower staff and anticipate their participation in suggestions. This attribute is evaluated through PDI metric that is power distance index. Uncertainty avoidance refers to the capability of a person to feel either way in uncertain or unstructured situations. Uncertain situations may be irregular, unusual, surprising and unforeseen.
Here people have to take measures and act in a way that minimizes the anxiety created by the irregular event. This criterion divides countries into two branches, high uncertainty avoidance index and low uncertainty avoidance index countries. Countries having high uncertainty avoidance index are more likely to have rigid rules and believes. The people of these countries are reluctant to adapt unorthodox behaviour and innovative ideas. They always try to avoid instant changes and opt for careful and gradual changes in any circumstances. These people are usually more emotional and sensitive. On the other hand, countries with low uncertainty avoidance index have very relaxed and adaptive beliefs. They believe in practice more than principles. They welcome innovative ideas and changes for betterment. These people are better trained in adapting the changes even when unstructured situations arrive. They can tolerate uncomfortable zones to a great extent. This attribute is measured through UAI metric that is uncertainty avoidance index.

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