Schools and the academic institutions are doing their best to deal with the non-English speaking students. They have different types of programs and courses which help these students to get along with the regular academic courses in the schools (Collier & Thomas, 2012). While looking at these programs and courses, it could be said that mainly all the programs are based on three models. The first one is dual-Language education. This course is also known as bilingual education. As per this course, the academics are taught in two languages. This means that the students get the knowledge about the academics in their native language but they also have to get proficient in the second language i.e. English. These kind of programs were designed in order to achieve language expertise, content understanding and school language at the same time.
The second program is known as English as second language. As per this program, English language is taught to all the students who are from different natives. Under this program all the instructions are given in English and hence the student needs to understand the language and the academics together (Hamayan & Freeman, 2012). The teachers for this program need to be English second Language i.e. ESL certified. This programs is known by many names at various institutions like English for speakers of other languages (ESOL), English as an additional language (EAL), and English as a foreign language (EFL).
The third program is Sheltered Instructions. This is a program in which all the students aspiring to learn English Language are brought in together to learn English and academics at the same time. These students are taught either within the institute’s premises or in a separate building or place. The teachers for taking these classes are specially trained and certified (Slama, 2012).