mba论文:无知假说

mba论文:无知假说

无知假说提出了解决贫困问题的方法。这种贫困状况可能是由于无知造成的,但信息和启发可以扩展到全世界的决策者和规则,以解决这个问题。通过说服政界人士,并就什么是对经济有利的问题提供正确的建议,可以在全球范围内实现繁荣。这些尝试的工程实现有两种方式。首先,国际组织,如国际货币基金组织,主张不合格的机构和经济政策导致发展不良,随后建议发展中国家应采用改进清单。这些建议清单的重点是宏观经济稳定。制定了宏观经济目标,如资本账户自由化、灵活汇率和缩减政府部门规模。这些国际组织还制定了微观经济目标,如提高公共服务效率、私有化和反腐败措施。这些改革在它们的总部看来可能是明智的,但这些组织没有认识到政治机构的作用及其在决策过程中造成的障碍。贫穷国家受到这些机构的威吓,采取了它们认为更好的政策。
然而,这一措施往往以失败告终,因为它们无法解释发展中国家无知的领导人为什么这些国家的体制和政策是坏的。其结果导致不执行和不采用这些策略,或者只在名义上执行。解释滞胀、萧条、非自愿失业和其他宏观经济学现象的理论毫无意义,对个人行为作出不合理或特别的假设。它解释了长期以来宏观经济学问题的发展模式(Friedman 2012)。当所有这些解释综合在一起时,强大的理论出现了,它既谨慎又令人宽慰。然而,令人费解的是,这么多不同的现象可以用它来解释,如果主要或全部是错误的。如果这一理论被证明是完全正确的,那么对这一理论的考虑仍然只是众多影响这一现象的因素之一。其他因素的说明可以在考虑到未来的发现将终止于研究和说服专家的论点的情况下进行。

mba论文:无知假说

The hypothesis of ignorance suggests the way the problem of poverty can be solved. This situation of poverty can be caused by ignorance, but the information and the enlightening can be extended to the policymakers and the rules across the world that can solve the problem. The prosperity can be engineered across the world by the way of convincing the politicians and with provision of right advice in relation to what is right for economics. The engineering of these attempts is obtained in two flavours. Firstly, the international organizations, such as IMF, advocates that substandard institutions and the economic policies cause poor development with the subsequent recommendation of improvement lists that the developing countries should be adopting. The focus of such recommended lists are aimed at macroeconomic stability. The macroeconomic goals are set such as, liberalization of capital account, flexible exchange rates, and reducing of the government sector size. The microeconomic goals are also set by these international organizations such as, improvement in the public service’s efficiency, privatization, and measures of anticorruption. These reforms might look sensible in their headquarters, but there is failure of these organizations in recognizing the political institution’s role and the impediments they create on policymaking. The poor countries are hectored to adopt policies perceived to be better by these institutions.
However, more often than not this measure turns up into failure as they fail to explain the ignorant leaders of the developing nations, as to why those countries’ institutions and policies are bad. The consequence of that leads non implementation and non adoption of those policies or the implementation takes place in name only. The theory explaining stagflation, depressions, and involuntary unemployment, and other phenomena of macroeconomics has no point, making unreasonable or ad hoc assumptions regarding the behaviours of the individuals. It provides the explanation of the development pattern regarding the problems of macroeconomics over time (Friedman 2012). When all these explanations are taken together, the powerful theory emerges that is prudent as well as consoling. However, it is puzzling to consider that so many diverse phenomena can be explained by it, if mainly or wholly it is false. In case the theory is found to be totally correct, the consideration of the theory is still with respect to only one factor among many that affects the phenomena. The illustrations of the other factors can be carried out under the consideration that future findings would terminate in research and the argument that persuades the specialists.

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