行为主义心理学研究的选题是基于一个人的行为可以改变或可以被操纵来适应一定的议程的理论。这项研究突出而成长为John B Watson博士发表了他的论文《行为主义者心目中的心理学”到1900年代中期这段时期行为主义的研究得到重视和充分的研究是在同一期间进行的早期。以学习理论应用行为主义诞生后不久。这种行为主义学习学校暗示“行为”可以观测和研究的系统化的方式，任何个人的行为可以改变所需的程度，这将最终决定他将要执行的任务，不管他的出生，在社会中的地位。这类行为制约下的经典条件反射和操作性条件反射两大章下（hergenbahn和奥尔森，2001）。从1863年，这个学派的Ivan Pavlov、Skinner、Edward Thorndike、John B Watson的指导下，Clark Hull越强。选定的作品的抑制反射，唾液反应的研究，和上面的科学家的小艾伯特实验丰富了学校的行为研究。
Learning theories have been presented with a behaviorist view, “Learning implies a change in the individual as a result of some intervention. It may be viewed as an outcome or as a process” (Belkin and Gray, 1977, p.211). On the other end the constructivist view of learning happens as a search for meaning. The role of the external stimuli such as a teacher in motivating the student to construct their own mental image is acknowledged in this theory more than that of the behaviorist approach. The behaviorist approach and the constructivist approach are in fact considered as two extremes of the spectrum on the theories of learning. This essay critically analyzes the two theories and argues that the constructivist theory is more evolved to explain the learning situation in contemporary times.
Behaviorism is the select subject study of psychology which is based on the theory that the behavior of a person can be changed or could be manipulated to suit a certain agenda. This particular study grew into prominence whence Dr. John B Watson published his paper “Psychology as the behaviorist views it” during the early to mid 1900’s. During this period the behaviorist study gained importance and ample studies were conducted on the same. Behaviorism with its application on learning theories came into existence soon after. This behaviorist school of learning implied that “Behavior “ can be observed and studied in a systematic manner and that the behavior of any individual can be changed to the desired extent which would ultimately decide the task which he would be performing regardless of his birth, position in society. This type of behavioral conditioning falls under two broad chapters of Classical Conditioning and operant conditioning (Hergenbahn and Olson, 2001). From the year 1863, this school of thought under the guidance of Ivan Pavlov, Skinner, Edward Thorndike, John B Watson, and Clark Hull grew from strength to strength. The selected works on inhibitory reflexes, salivary response studies, and the Little Albert Experiment of the above scientists enriched the School of Behavioral study.