在英国1381年的农民起义,也被称为“伟大的崛起”和“窟泰勒的反抗”。此次事件的主要原因是黑死病在1340年代,这引起了各种经济和社会问题。农民税的压力一直最无法忍受的因素之一,而被收集融资对法国的战争。暴力反抗爆炸在无偿的集合人头税,企图的约翰•Bampton皇家官方1381年6月30日。这是一个地方农民的耐心已经结束,他们在抗议站了起来,开始燃烧的记录法院和官方建筑破坏。他们要求减少税收压力,公平、平等的劳动政策和拆除的国王的法院和高级官员。起义或多或少的经济和社会动荡的结果。14世纪的人口增长给农业土地极端压力,增强土地所有者的权力集中在手里。黑死病在1348年的波,消灭人口,几乎百分之五十的人口死亡。英国所面临的经济挫折,在劳动人口的减少(由于农民杀死),作为法治经济,较小的劳工供应的增加工资的机会,最终土地所有者的利润大幅度下降和解体已观察到在金融网络,贸易和商业。(屠夫,1987年,p . 1987)。
The peasant revolt of 1381 in England, is also known as “The Great Rising” and the “Wat Tyler’s Rebellion”. The main causes of the incident were the Black Death in the 1340s, which aroused various economic and social problems. The pressure of taxes on the peasant had been one of the most intolerable factor, which were being collected to finance the war against France. The violent revolt exploded with the collection of unpaid poll taxes , with an attempt of John Bampton , a royal official on June 30th 1381. This was a point where the patience of peasant was over and they stood up in protest and started off by burning records of the court and sabotaging official buildings. They demanded reduction in tax pressure, fair and equal labor policies and demolishing of King’s law court and senior officials. The revolt was more or less the result of economic and social turmoil. The population growth of 14th century put extreme pressure on the agriculture land available, enhancing the power concentration in the hand of land owners. The wave of Black Death in 1348, wiped out the population at large, killing almost fifty percent of the population. England faced an economic setback, with decline in labor population (due to killing of peasant), so as the rule of economy, the lesser supply of labors gave rise to the chance of increase in wage rate, ultimately the profit of the landowners declined dramatically and disintegration has been observed among financial network , trade and commerce. (Butcher, 1987, p. 86).