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英国代写论文:公共部门组织

英国代写论文:公共部门组织

执行摘要
本报告正在准备应对建筑行业采购合同中的挑战。整个行业对任何经济都是至关重要的,也支持许多中小型工业。采购合同或多或少是传统的,其工作范围是一次性价值,但在很大程度上与国家重要项目的合同有所不同。这份报告包含了一个公共部门建筑组织的案例研究,这个组织已经接受了传统以及具体和详细的​​合同。报告的目的是找出是否有更好的采购合同制度可以遵循。研究的目的在于找出组织所遵循的各种合同的优势,以及当前合同方式的替代方法,以及导致组织选择某种类型合同的评估因素是什么。总体报告包含了该组织在英国案例研究中采用的实践。

英国代写论文:公共部门组织

介绍
公共部门组织(PSU)是行业和政府的重要组成部分,为重要的基础设施项目提供有价值的支持。然而,这些事业单位正在代表那些受到事业单位重视的项目受益的公民。这些事业单位负有采购原材料和货物用于项目的重要责任,而原材料的采购被认为是一项重要的活动,从而可以更好地提供基础设施项目。一个事业单位的重大建设项目需要一个长长的采购程序清单,并与承包商签订多份合同,将其工作范围和材料购买分配给他们。本文将研究建筑业公共部门组织正在进行的不同类型的合同,并讨论影响某些承包商选择的各种因素。

英国代写论文:公共部门组织

Executive Summary
This report is being prepared to address the challenges in the procurement contracts in the construction industry. The industry as a whole is of prime importance to any economy and supports many small and medium industries as well. The procurement contracts are more or less traditional with a lump-sum value of its scope of work, but they differ to a large extent in contracts for projects which are of national importance. This report contains a case study of a construction organisation of the public sector who has been accepting traditional as well as specific and detailed contracts. The aim of the report is to find out if there is any better procurement contract system which can be followed. The research is to find out the advantages of all kinds of contract followed by the organisation, any alternatives to the current method of contracting, and what are the assessment factors that lead the organisation to select certain types of contracts. The overall report contains the practices followed by the organisation taken in the case study which is based in the UK.

英国代写论文:公共部门组织
Introduction
Public sector organisations (PSU) are an important part of the industry and the government which offers valuable support to important infrastructure projects. These PSU’s are however acting on behalf of the citizens who benefit from projects of importance being developed by the PSU’s. These PSU’s have an important responsibility of procuring raw materials and goods for using in their projects, and the procurement of raw materials is considered an important activity which leads to better offering of infrastructure projects. Major construction projects done by a PSU requires a long list of procurement procedures and multiple contracts with contractors to assign them their scope of work and materials purchase. This paper will study the different types of contracts that are being undertaken by a public sector organisation in the construction industry, and also discuss various factors that affect the selection of certain contractors.

代写论文:路易斯·卡恩

代写论文:路易斯·卡恩

路易斯·卡恩(Louis I. Kahn,1901-1974)坚信建筑在社会中的价值和重要性。卡恩认为,精心设计的建筑可以影响和改善人们的生活。他以其不朽的建筑项目而闻名,也因其作为建筑艺术家,教师和哲学家的角色而闻名。乍一看,卡恩的作品在形式和程序上显得过于简单(Paulus等,2006)。然而,经过更仔细的调查,令人难以置信的程序复杂性和设计创新的层次变得明显。卡恩(“娄”,他的朋友和亲密的同事)在他的哲学坚决认为,建筑是思想的空间设计,其设计可以而且应该同时揭示其建设的故事,满足居民的审美和功能需求他们(Paulus等2006)。他坚信,建筑不仅要求实际和审美的需要,而且要追求服务人民和社区的人文需求。他不断地努力创造空间,引起一种精神感,这种感觉在当时的建筑环境中是缺乏的。
这种成功修复旧观念的例子之一就是卡恩对对称性的喜爱,现代建筑师通常认为这种对称性是缺乏想象力和顺从性的。卡恩设计了位于加利福尼亚州La Jolla的Salk研究所(Vollen 2006),作为建筑群的复合体,在中央喷泉的两侧相同。这样的对称是美术风格的特征,但是卡恩却没有受到这种明显倒退的影响。他说:“如果人们想看美术,那对我来说就没有问题。 “我和其他人一样对建筑感兴趣。”

代写论文:路易斯·卡恩

Louis I. Kahn (1901–1974) believed strongly in the value and importance of architecture in society. Kahn felt that well-designed buildings could influence and improve people’s lives. He is known for his monumental building projects and also for his role as an artist, teacher, and philosopher of architecture. At first glance, Kahn’s work appears simplistic in its form and program (Paulus et al 2006). Upon closer investigation, however, layers of incredible programmatic complexity and design innovation become apparent. Kahn (“Lou,” to his friends and close colleagues) was resolute in his philosophy that architecture is the thoughtful making of spaces whose design can and should simultaneously reveal the story of their construction and meet the aesthetic and functional needs of the people who inhabit them(Paulus et al 2006). He believed strongly that architecture should appeal not only to practical and aesthetic needs but also to the humanistic needs of the people and communities it serves. He was continually striving to create spaces that evoked a sense of spirituality, a sense he felt was lacking in the built environment of that time.
One example of this successful rehabilitation of old ideas was Kahn’s affection for symmetry, which modern architects usually saw as unimaginative and conformist. Kahn designed the Salk Institute in La Jolla (Vollen 2006), California as a complex of buildings, identical on either side of a central fountain. Such symmetry was characteristic of the Beaux-Arts style, but Kahn was unperturbed by this apparent regression. “If people want to see Beaux-Arts it’s fine with me,” he said. “I’m [as] interested in good architecture as anybody else.”

代写论文:快速消费品

代写论文:快速消费品

“快速消费品”一词指的是在零售市场高速消费的消费品,而且这种产品总是被新产品替代。这是使特定产品有资格被分类为快速消费品产品的主要类别。快消品的这一特性使这些产品与普通家电的其他一般产品不同,因为其他产品需要较长的清理时间,使得更换现有产品更容易。快速消费品产品在货架上花费的时间很少,在被新的库存所替代之前,货架上只有几天或几周的时间(Gough,2004)。
在当今的商业环境下,商业行业竞争越来越激烈,商业组织对策略的制定和实施越来越谨慎。目前在项目开发阶段需要非常小心,以保持与商业行业的相关性,并保持对产品客户的忠诚度。市场上的新产品总是要面对几个层面的斗争,制定一个适当的战略,确保人们选择新产品而不是他们已经使用的产品。值得注意的是,新产品的战略发展需要对市场进行详细的研究,并对市场的许多不同方面进行分析,如新产品的潜力,了解消费者的需求,分析潜在的市场正在考虑的产品,并知道什么是重要的,以确保消费者忠于特定的产品类别或品牌等。

代写论文:快速消费品

The term FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods) refers to the consumer products that are consumed in the retail markets with high speed and the stock is always getting replaced with new products. This is the primary category that makes a particular product eligible to be classified as a FMCG product. This property of FMCG products make these products different from the other general products of general home appliances, as the other products take a long clearing time which makes it easier to replace the existing products with newer stock. The FMCG products spend very little time on the shelf and last just a couple of days or weeks on the shelf before being replaced by the newer stock (Gough, 2004).
In the business environment of today, the business industries are becoming extensively competitive and the business organizations are becoming more and more cautious about developing a strategy and then implementing it. Extreme care is required in the project development phases these days, in order to stay relevant in the business industry and to remain loyal to the customers of the product. A new product in the market always faces several layers of struggle with the development of an appropriate strategy which ensures that the people select the new product over the products they are already using. It is important to note that the strategy development for a new product requires detailed research of the market and analysis of many different aspects of the market such as the potential for a new product, understanding the needs of the consumers, analysing the potential market for the product being considered, and knowing what things are important to make sure that the consumers remain loyal to the particular product category or a brand, etc.

英国代写论文:短期经营的潮店

英国代写论文:短期经营的潮店

零售商已经意识到传统的营销方式已经不能满足消费者的需求。松树和吉尔摩(1999)和理查兹(2001)认为,许多消费者不仅寻求购买商品和服务,但也希望参与的经验。这是由“享乐消费”(赫希曼,Holbrook,1982)中指出,消费者应该有一个多感官、幻想和情感体验。这是一个互动的关系平台,积极购物者的多感官参与,使顾客满意持续买入力度(Castaldo和Mauri,2008)。消费者文化开始改变,因为消费者开始对本地商品更有价值,有能力与生产商或制造商面对面交谈。因此,零售商试图通过这些临时商店格式与消费者建立面对面的互动关系和信任关系。spena等人(2010)状态弹出窗口提供一个互动的环境中,消费者可以有积极的对话。弹出零售需要一个营销环境是高度体验的创作,重点推广一个品牌或产品线,在短时间内有效期,通常在较小的场地,培养更多的面对面的对话与品牌的代表,这是最重要的一个因素吸引人的经验(基姆等,2010)。

不同于传统的存储格式,弹出窗口可以是事件驱动(Shanahan,2005)。它为顾客提供与个人有关的生活方式体验,如音乐会或体育赛事。在弹出的感觉的环境让消费者沉浸在难忘的经历和经营的公司提出了这种情感上的参与可以帮助零售商和品牌忠诚度与客户建立长期合作关系的强度(Prahalad和ramasway,2004)。

英国代写论文:短期经营的潮店

Retailers have realized that traditional marketing approaches no longer satisfy consumers’ needs. Pine and Gilmore (1999) and Richards (2001) argue that many consumers are not only seeking to purchase goods and services but also expect engaging experiences. This is supported by the concept ‘hedonic consumption’ (Hirschman and Holbrook, 1982) which notes that consumers should have a multi-sensory, fantasy and emotive experience. It is an interactive and relational platform and active shopper’s multi-sensory engagement, which leaves the shopper pleasured in continuous buying efforts (Castaldo and Mauri, 2008). The consumer culture has started to change as customers are beginning to put greater value on local goods with the ability to talk to producers or manufacturers face-to-face. Therefore, retailers have tried to build face-to-face interactions and trust relationships with the consumer through these temporary shop formats.  Spena et al (2010) states Pop-Ups provide an interactive environment in which consumers can have active dialogue. Pop-up retail entails creation of a marketing environment that is highly experiential, focused on promoting a brand or product line, available for a short time period, and generally in smaller venues that foster more face-to-face dialogue with brand representatives, which is a top factor attracting people to the experience (Kim et al, 2010).

Unlike the traditional store format, Pop-Ups can be event-driven (Shanahan, 2005). It offers shopper with personally relevant lifestyle experiences, such as concerts or sporting events. The sensory environment in the Pop-Ups allow consumer to become immersed and engaged within the memorable experience proposed by the firm and this kind of emotional engagement helps retailer to build long term relationship with customer and strength brand loyalty (Prahalad and Ramasway, 2004).