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代写:社交媒体使用网络欺凌的研究分析

代写:社交媒体使用网络欺凌的研究分析。在现有的关于社交媒体使用及其对网络欺凌、抑郁和自杀率影响的文献研究中,该问题的当前形态给出了好坏参半的结果。平均而言,13-17岁的青少年每年用手机上网的时间约为2.7小时(41天),其中大部分上网时间与社交媒体的使用有关。这比成人每天2.1小时的使用时间要多(Lenhart et al. 2010)。对7313名学生样本的研究分析发现,社交媒体使用增加与网络欺凌、网络欺凌和抑郁之间存在关联。接下来代写专家对社交媒体使用网络欺凌的研究分析如下。

根据Bond等人(2007)的研究,具有高社交连通性的学生样本有较高的焦虑和抑郁风险,这可能会引发自杀想法。对678岁的8名学生进行的研究证实了这一发现(Bond et al. 2007)。然而,像Hamm等人(2015)等研究人员认为,社交媒体使用与网络欺凌率和抑郁症之间的联系是不确定的。在对美国34份关于网络欺凌的出版物进行的系统回顾中,我们发现网络欺凌和抑郁之间的关联很弱(Hamm et al. 2015)。网络欺凌率本身并没有因为社交媒体的使用而增加,而是因为青少年的关系问题,尤其是女孩(Hamm et al. 2015)。

为什么年轻人过度使用社交媒体,导致更多地接触网络欺凌的情况,这可能表现为抑郁或自杀倾向,有几个基本原因。作为一项针对年轻人的定性研究方法的一部分,7项调查和21次访谈显示,他们使用Facebook等社交媒体是为了获得满足(quanhaase & young, 2010)。满意度的六个维度分别是:过去的时间、情感、时尚、分享问题、社交和分享社会信息(Quan-Haase & Young 2010)。Quan-Haase & Young(2010)指出的一些方面也出现在其他研究作品中,如Lenhart等人(2010),他们认为年轻人使用智能手机来保持联系。他们在一天内与在线社区和朋友进行多次联系。O ‘Keeffe & Clarke-Pearson(2010)等研究人员认为,在这种社交媒体互动中会产生一种团结和社区感。然而,Hamm等研究人员(2015)发现,这种增加的接触会导致一些弱势群体的担忧,比如面临网络欺凌形式的关系问题的女孩。Bond等人(2007)确实发现了社交媒体使用、网络欺凌和抑郁之间的联系。因此,一些基础原因是积极的,但也有很多负面影响。

Student samples with high social connectedness had an elevated risk of anxiety and depression according to Bond et al. (2007) which could trigger suicidal thoughts. Research conducted with 8 students from 678 Year corroborated this finding (Bond et al. 2007). However, researchers like Hamm et al. (2015) argue that connections between social media use, and rates of cyberbullying and depression are in-conclusive. In a systematic review of 34 publications on cyberbullying conducted in the United States, it was identified that the association between cyberbullying and depression is weak (Hamm et al. 2015). Cyberbullying rates itself are not found to increase because of social media use, but rather because of relationship issues of teens, especially girls (Hamm et al. 2015).

There are several underpinning reasons on why social media is overused by young adults which leads to increased exposure to cyberbullying situations, which could manifest into depression or suicidal tendencies. Seven surveys and 21 interviews conducted as part of a qualitative research methodology on young adults showed that they used social media like Facebook for gratifications (Quan-Haase & Young 2010). Six dimensions of gratifications identified are past-time, affection, fashion, sharing of problems, socializing and sharing social information (Quan-Haase & Young 2010). Some aspects as pointed out by Quan-Haase & Young (2010) are presented in other research works like Lenhart et al. (2010) who argue that young adults use their smartphones to stay connected. They connect with their online communities and friends multiple times in a day. Some researchers like O’Keeffe & Clarke-Pearson (2010) argue that a solidarity and community feeling arises in such social media interactions. However, researchers like Hamm et al. (2015) identify that such increased exposure leads to some concerns for vulnerable groups like girls who face relationship issues in the form of cyberbullying. Others like Bond et al. (2007) do identify a connection between social media use, cyber bullying and depression. Therefore, some underpinning reasons are positive, but there are much negative implications.

以内容就是代写专家对社交媒体使用网络欺凌的研究分析。如果同学们有需要论文代写的地方,详情可以在线咨询英国论文代写平台客服,此论文代写平台机构为留学生们提供专业的硕士论文代写、essay代写、assignment代写等论文服务,丰富的论文代写经验值得留学生们选择和信赖!

代写论文价格:举办国际残奥会的动机

代写论文价格:举办国际残奥会的动机。北京举办过夏季和冬季奥运会和残奥会,其动机是经济、文化和社会的有形利益和无形利益已在过去的主办中得到体现。有形的经济影响是通过奥运会的组织方式增加收入和就业机会来确定的。国际奥委会仅为夏季奥运会就向主办城市捐款约10亿美元。现在,国际奥委会和国际残奥委会都认为有必要让奥运会主办城市也组织残奥会(2018年奥运会)。由于主办这两个项目的贡献而增加的开支反过来会吸引其他公共和私人合作伙伴的投资,这将带来更好的就业和社会标准。这些工作岗位的创造并不仅仅与奥运会有关,旅游业等相关行业也会受到积极影响。接下来英国代写论文专家将为同学们讲解下举办国际残奥会的动机。

这些工作岗位的创造并不仅仅与奥运会有关,旅游业等相关行业也会受到积极影响。观众和游客数量的增加也意味着零售行业的前景更好,中国的建筑业将受到积极的影响,因为中国将有大规模的基础设施发展。这方面的一个例子是1996年举办奥运会时亚特兰大的经济增长。投资200万美元,累计经济影响约51亿美元(Scandizzo &Pierleoni, 2018)。因此,对国内生产总值的总体贡献增加。在一些外部性方面有一些有形的成本,如处理人群,污染管理等,但有时收益大于担忧。除了有形的经济因素外,还有无形的经济因素促使北京这样的城市举办大型活动。

城市的宣传带来了无形的利益,使其成为国内外旅游的热点。国际奥委会和国际残奥委会共同努力,确保残奥会品牌的知名度(2012年奥运会)。国际奥委会和IPC的重点是增加品牌的透明度和加强残奥会的状态,在这种情况下,广告的形式,中国政府将能够生成城市与品牌广告将是重要的(奥运会,2018)。例如,卡尔加里举办了1988年的冬季奥运会,这提高了卡尔加里在国际上的知名度。北京已经很受欢迎了,被认为是一个热门的旅游景点和国际商务会议(Go & Zhang, 1997)。在此背景下,举办残奥会将增加这座城市的骄傲,并进一步提高它的知名度。

因此,通过举办2022年北京夏季奥运会、冬季奥运会和残奥会,北京不仅为其他主办国树立了一个开拓性的愿景,而且能够为国家带来经济和社会效益。在集中精力加强奥运会和残奥会之间的联系的同时,北京将创造更多的体育意识和透明度。

The jobs are not created in direct relation to the games alone, allied industries like tourism industries are affected in a positive manner. Increased volume of spectators and tourists means better prospects for the retail industry as well, and the construction industry of China will be affected positively as there would be large scale infrastructural developments in the country. An example for this is the positive economic growth seen in Atlanta when they hosted the 1996 Olympic Games. An investment of 2 million was made here and the cumulative economic impact was observed to be somewhere around $5.1 billion (Scandizzo &Pierleoni, 2018). Overall contributions to GDP increases as a result. There are some tangible costs in externalities like handling the crowd, pollution management and more, but the benefits sometimes outweigh the concerns. In addition to the tangible economic aspects, there are intangible economic aspects that motivate cities like Beijing to host mega events.

Intangible benefits result from the publicization of the city which makes them a hotspot for domestic and international tourism. The IOC and IPC work together to ensure there is more visibility of the Paralympic brand (Olympic Games, 2012). The focus of the IOC and the IPC is to increase the transparency of the brand and enhance the status of Paralympics, and in this context, the form of advertising that Beijing will be able to generate for the city in relation to brand advertising would be significant (Olympic Games, 2018). For instance, Calgary hosted the Winter Olympics of 1988 and this led to better awareness of the city of Calgary internationally. Beijing is already popular and is considered as a popular spot for tourism as well as international business meets (Go & Zhang, 1997). In this context, hosting the Paralympics will add to the pride of the city, and improve its recognition even more.

Thus, in hosting the 2022 Beijing Summer, Winter and Paralympic games, Beijing not only sets a pioneering vision for other hosts to follow, but also it would be able to generate economic and social benefits for the country. At the same time focusing on the strengthening of connection between the Olympics and Paralympics, Beijing would be creating more awareness and transparency of the sports.

以上内容就是英国代写论文专家为同学们讲解的举办国际残奥会的动机。英国高阶论文代写Advanced Thesis平台机构为留学生们提供英国代写、essay代写、paper代写等论文代写服务,帮助留学生们解决论文的写作困扰。而且代写论文价格公平合理,所以英国论文代写Advanced Thesis平台机构值得留学生们选择和信赖!

英国代写:希区柯克式的电影分析与讨论

英国代写:希区柯克式的电影分析与讨论。希区柯克式的电影本身就有许多特点,比如气候情节的转折。当看《后窗》的时候,你可以说在观众想象杰夫的方式中有一个气候情节的转折。在某种程度上,看到杰夫的偷窥倾向,一个人不能帮助,但理解他的性格是有点不体面的。在当代社会,隐私已经成为一个几乎没有意义的问题。在公共场所,人们被摄像头监视,还有闭路电视警惕性等等。接下来英国代写专家将为同学们分析讨论下有关希区柯克式的电影。

一个人唯一的私人空间就是他们自己的房子,这部电影一开始就展示了Jeff的窥阴癖,这让观众以一种消极的方式来理解这个角色。在希区柯克风格的电影中,一些动作限制的出现是为了增加紧张感。例如,尽管他不得不去看别人的房子,杰弗瑞自己也受伤了,不能去帮助他的护士。同样,这部电影也包含了其他与希区柯克电影相关的方面,比如无能的权威人物,将隐藏区域作为危险的主题,等等。在影片中呈现出如此恐怖的背景,在某种程度上,杰夫的窥阴倾向与故事相吻合,而不是像在正常背景下表现出来的那样站在一边。

杰弗里斯的性格是以一种有趣的方式表现出来的。他是一名摄影师,专业倾向于在摄影时研究主题。如果他有批判和观察的眼光,这是他的职业的礼貌。他的职业为理解他在无聊时选择谁来观察人们(窥阴癖)提供了理由。然而,当他注意到邻居出了什么问题时,这种普遍的观察经历了快速的升级,导致他着迷并专注地跟踪邻居的行动。这样一来,他就破获了谋杀案。当他知道最终会找到凶手的时候,他选择了采取这种手段吗?答案是否定的,他只是在故事稍晚的时候才遇到了明显的谋杀情况。因此,当讨论偷窥倾向、手段的道德和目的时,有必要在佬司问题开始之前,在故事的第一部分和故事的第二部分中考虑它,后者最终以揭露谋杀而告终。

The only private space that a person has is their houses themselves and this movie starts off showing Jeff as indulging in voyeurism which makes the audience understand the character in a negative way. As with more Hitchcock style of movies, some of the action restrictions that follow are present to increase tension. For instance, although he is stuck with looking at other peoples’ houses, Jefferies himself is hurt and cannot go and help his nurse. Similarly, the movie carries other aspects relevant to Hitchcock movies like authority figures that are incompetent, usage of hidden areas as motifs for danger, and more. In presenting such a scary context for the movie, in some ways, the voyeurism tendencies of Jeff kind of fits in with the story and does not stand away as it would appear so in a normal setting.

The character of Jeffries is presented in an interesting way. He is a photographer and is professional disposed to study subjects while he photographs. If he has a critical and an observant eye, it is courtesy of his profession. His profession provides a reason to understand who he chooses to observe people (voyeurism) when he is bored. However, this general viewing undergoes a rapid escalation when he notices something amiss with a neighbor leading him to obsesses and follow the neighbor’s actions intently. In doing so, he unravels the murder. Did he choose to pursue the means knowing that a murderer will be identified in the end? The answer is no, he only comes across the apparent murder situation a little later into the story. Hence, when discussing the voyeuristic tendencies, the morality of the means and the ends, it is necessary to consider it in the scope of the first part of the story before the Lars issue starts, and the second part of the story which culminates in the unravelling of the murder.

 

以上内容就是英国代写专家对希区柯克式的电影分析与讨论。同学们如需要论文代写帮助,可以寻求英国论文代写服务公司,英国论文代写平台机构有不同专业领域的代写专家,论文创作经验丰富,保障论文原创质量,杜绝剽窃和抄袭。并为同学们提供免费修改和检测服务,同学们可以随时在线咨询我们英国论文代写服务的专职客服!

英国论文代写:分析项目的其他角度和成本

英国论文代写:分析项目的其他角度和成本。为了振兴,考虑成本效益分析、投资回报和比较研究等方法是非常重要的,因为它提供了关于可供选择的各种选项所产生的每一笔成本的详细分析。目前有几种选择,如工业化、旅游业和发展教育,但只有发展城市道路运输才有可能。一条发达的道路就像一个城市或地方的成功之路。一个拥有良好道路和交通设施的城市发展速度比其他任何城市都要快。由于投资可能有风险,还需要规划其他办法,以支持公路运输对发展的重要性。因此,如果道路交通发达,则可将项目开发为拥有划船、水上运动或钓鱼设施的旅游目的地。接下来英国论文代写专家将为同学们分析下项目的其他角度和成本。

在当地将会有更多的就业和满意度,这将增加塔卡普纳的就业。成本效益分析是一种从可用选项中找出经济产出的好方法(Bryde et al., 2013)。还需要从长期角度分析关键绩效指标,比较结果,短期可能不可行,但长期肯定会受益。

目前,它在基础设施方面欠发达,因此需要了解当地公众,并与官员、政府和城镇发展当局联系,计划进一步投资该计划,以便将其带入下一阶段。私人和公共交通出行几乎持平,这是发展这条公路的好机会。公路附近的海滩将得到很好的发展,这将再次产生旅游业和收入,以克服项目的成本。也有发展住房社会的良好可能性,这将增加土地价值和政府的收入来源(Eadie et al., 2013)。还将发展更多的旅游运营商和租车、自行车和自行车服务。项目还会有其他几个在现阶段无法分析的有利结果,由于外国跨国公司的投资,可能会有更多的商业和发展机会。

在德文波特半岛和塔卡普纳地区有很多正在开发的项目,这些项目需要将各种需要的项目整合在一起,在不同的阶段实现。还需要访问项目的预计完成时间效果效益通过分期的不同阶段计划、实现和结合它与其他项目的结果将有利于当地公众长期战略发展设施(博斯沃思et al ., 2016)。在不同阶段不断进行评估也有助于对整个情况有一个清晰的认识。这也有助于DBC进程分析详细的运输模型、充分量化成本和效益分析、优化资源和为委员会面前的各种可用道路制定财务需要。

There will be more employment and satisfaction among local public which will increase employment in Takapuna. Cost benefit analysis is a good approach to find out the economic output from the available options (Bryde et al., 2013). There is also need to analyze the key performance indicators for long term perspective to compare results, which may not be feasible in short term but it will definitely benefit in long term.

At present time, it is less developed in terms of infrastructure, so it is required to aware local public and approach to the officials, government and town development authority to plan for further investment in the plan so that it will be taken to the next phase. The travelling from private and public transports is almost equal, so it is good opportunity to develop this road. Beaches near the road will be well developed which will again generate tourism and revenue to overcome the cost of the project. There is also good possibility of development of housing society which will increase land value and income sources for the authorities (Eadie et al., 2013). There will be development of more tour operators and rental car, bike and bicycle services. Project will have several other beneficial outcomes which are not possible to analyze at this stage and there is possibility of more business and development opportunities due to investment from foreign multinational companies.

There are lots of projects that are developing in the Devenport peninsula and Takapuna area which require integration of the various needed projects to come together and make it at different stages. It is also required to access the expected completion time of the projects to avail benefits by staging them into the various phases of planning, implementation and combining it with other projects to get an outcome which will benefit the local public, with long term vision to develop facilities (Bosworth et al., 2016). Continuous assessment at various stages will also help to get the clear picture of the whole scenario. This will also help in DBC process to analyse detailed transport modelling, fully quantify the cost and benefits analysis, optimization of the resources and development of the financial requirements for the various available paths in front of the committee.

以上内容就是英国论文代写专家将为同学们分析的项目的其他角度和成本。如果同学们还没有足够的自信来撰写论文,那么可以寻求英国论文代写专家的帮助。英国论文代写为同学们提供一流的解决方案,保证论文质量并准时交付论文作品!

代写:Dr Oetker品牌的媒体消费分析

代写:Dr Oetker品牌的媒体消费分析。Dr Oetker品牌已经使用不同的媒体平台来推广产品。在过去,它曾进行过抽样活动,带走了72000个披萨,并对消费者进行了新鲜信息的教育。为了推广这个产品已经花费了超过300万英镑。此外,它已经投入了电视广告和整合营销机制。这些活动旨在教育消费者有关产品的可获得性和消费健康食品的必要性。这可能在一定程度上改变了消费者的认知。品牌在社交媒体上更新,并与许多竞赛和网站结合,进一步推广产品。除了这些举措,该品牌还采取了额外的措施,创新儿童和青少年感兴趣的新口味。在接下的内容中,代写专家将为同学们分析下Dr Oetker品牌的媒体消费。

Dr Oetker品牌已经使用不同的媒体平台来推广产品。此外,它在英国是一个成功的产品,它已经让人们获得信心的新鲜和质量的披萨。这有助于他们打入市场。Oetker博士已经与几家零售杂志和实体店合作推广他们的产品,独家销售冷冻披萨。Oetker博士尝试推广的另一种广告技术是品牌合作。为了打造世界上最偏远的披萨店,它与BWM电通(B&M, 2016)合作。这给了它一个很好的机会来展示餐厅质量的披萨可以和他们的冷冻披萨一起在家里买到。

像在国内开展披萨店这样的活动,拓宽了该品牌进一步扩张的机会。虽然该品牌的历史曾因不明原因而遭受挫折,但自2012年以来的回归势头逐年强劲,广告预算有所增加。偏远地区的反应促进了该品牌进一步开展活动。除了在线宣传活动外,它还开展了几项实体宣传活动。整合营销传播策略的选择是其持续成功的原因。

我们可以观察到,Oetker博士进行个性化广告,以吸引不同年龄的人的注意力(Talking Retail, 2016)。这就是为什么披萨在口味方面不断创新。此外,它在选择当地媒体方面也采取了安全的策略,使品牌能够接触到当地民众,并容易了解消费者的利益。在remote pizzeria获得成功后不久,该产品就取得了良好的发展,人们开始信任这个品牌和它的产品。现在,我们的责任是设计一个更好的媒体策略,不仅可以保留,而且可以丰富Papa Giuspeppi面包店的皮比萨的销售。

Furthermore, it is a successful product in UK and it has given a trial to people to gain confidence on freshness and quality of pizzas. This helped them to penetrate in the market. Dr Oetker has partnered with several retail magazines and physical stores to promote their products, exclusively frozen pizzas. The other advertising technique that Dr Oetker has tried to promote its frozen pizza is through brand partnering. In an aim to create the most remote pizzeria in the world, it has partnered with BWM Dentsu (B&M, 2016). This has given a great opportunity for it to show how restaurant quality pizza can be available at home just with their frozen pizzas.

Campaigns like Pizzeria at home have widened the opportunities available for the brand to expand further. Although the history of the brand has faced setbacks due to unknown reasons, the comeback since 2012 has become stronger year by year that the advertising budget has increased. The response from remote regions has boosted the brand to take the campaign further. It has applied several physical campaigns in addition to online campaigns. The choice of integrated marketing communication strategy is the reason for its continued success.

One can observe that Dr Oetker conducts personalized advertising to capture the attention of people irrespective of their ages (Talking Retail, 2016). This is the reason for constant innovation in terms of flavours in pizzas. Moreover, it has played a safe game in choosing the local media that can enable the brand to reach local people and easily understand the consumer interests. Soon after the success of remote pizzeria, the product has kicked off well and people began to trust the brand and its product. Now, the responsibility is to design a better media strategy that can not only retain, but also enrich the sales of Papa Giuspeppi Bakehouse Crust pizzas.

以上内容就是代写专家对Dr Oetker品牌的媒体消费分析。同学们可能没有那么多时间来写作论文,因此,给英国论文代写专家一个解决您论文写作难题的机会。我们的论文代写专家具有多年撰写各种主题论文的经验,已成功撰写出优秀的论文作品。而且丰富的论文代写经验使我们的专家能够提供无抄袭的内容,并提供免费修改和检测服务。同学们可以通过我们网站的实时在线聊天或电子邮件与我们联系,我们的服务全天24/7在线,您只需点击咨询即可。

英国代写论文:客户满意度的现实因素

英国代写论文:客户满意度的现实因素。了解客户满意度水平对营销团队很重要。营销团队能够理解满意度差距。基于这些知识,营销团队将首先通知各自的运营团队满意度问题,其次,将有助于解决差距问题的营销计划放在一起,以更好地满足客户的满意度。顾客满意是一个市场营销术语,衡量公司提供的产品或服务如何达到或超过顾客的期望。客户满意度很重要,因为它为营销人员和企业主提供了一个衡量标准,他们可以用来管理和改善他们的业务。”接下来,英国代写论文专家将为同学们分析讨论下客户满意度的现实因素。

由于在客户满意度中发挥影响作用的因素不止一个,因此该因素被认为是一个具有许多属性的实体。因此,工作的重点是在客户满意度中发挥重要作用的属性。这项工作将提出一个关于要素实体及其各自属性的理论框架。根据研究数据,更强的联系(显示属性和满意度之间的更大的关联)和更弱的联系(显示较小的关联)被识别出来,并基于它们,可以获得关于什么是最重要/最有影响力的属性,以及什么属性对营销团队最不重要的洞察力。

该作品是对香港超市行业的一个特别选择,名为百佳(ParknShop)。百佳是由屈臣氏集团管理的连锁超市。屈臣氏集团是和记黄埔有限公司的子公司。和记黄埔有限公司基本上是一家投资公司,其投资范围从港口和相关服务到酒店、能源公司、住宅、奢侈品企业、超市等(彭博社,2018)。百佳只是该集团经营的众多超市之一,百佳是香港最受欢迎的门店之一,在中国内地和香港拥有约300个实体销售点。他们的第一家商店是在1973年开的。在过去的三十年里,百佳一直在不断扩张,拥有9000多名员工。希望超市营销团队能从本研究工作中获得的启示中受益。超市的营销问题是基于其所在行业的过度竞争。截至2015年,超市行业零售额为11.9亿美元(美元)。2016年,该数据持续增长。有迹象表明超级市场行业正在迅猛发展。超市正在利用这一机会,为方便顾客,许多商店的引入表明了这一点。现在,在竞争对手迅猛增长的背景下,百佳有必要以独特的方式展现自己。了解客户满意度是运营和营销计划的关键。

Since there are more than one factors that play an influential role in customer satisfaction, the factor is considered as an entity with many attributes. The work hence focuses on the attributes that play an influential role in customer satisfaction. The work will present a theoretical framework on factor-entities and their respective attributes. Based on research data, the stronger links (showing greater association between attribute and satisfaction) and weaker links (showing lesser association) are identified and based on them, an insight is gained on what the most significant/ influential attributes are, and what attributes are least significant for the marketing team.

The work makes a specific selection in the supermarket industry of Hong Kong, called ParknShop. ParknShop is a supermarket chain that is managed by A.S. Watson Group. The A.S. Watson Group is a subsidiary of the Hutchison Whampoa Limited. The Hutchison Whampoa Limited is basically an investment company, and its investments range from ports and related service to hotels, energy companies, residential, luxury business, supermarkets and more (Bloomberg, 2018). The ParknShop is just one of the many supermarkets that the group operates and ParknShop is one of the most popular outlets in Hong Kong, sporting around 300 physical point of sale in Mainland China and Hong Kong. The first of their shops was opened in the year 1973. In the last three decades there has been much expansion in ParknShop with more than 9000 employees serving in their shops. It is expected that the supermarket’s marketing team could benefit form the insights gained through this research work. The marketing problem identified for the supermarket is based on the excessive competition in their industry. As of 2015, the supermarket industry shows a retail sale of 11.9$ (USD) billion. It showed a continued growth in 2016. There are signs to indicate that the supermarket industry was growing aggressively. Supermarkets were making use of the opportunity as indicated by the introduction of many stores for the convenience of customers. Now in the context of aggressively growing competitors, it is necessary for ParknShop to set themselves out uniquely. Understanding customer satisfaction would be the key to both operational and marketing planning.

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英国论文代写:人才管理的定义

英国论文代写:人才管理的定义。根据柯林斯和Mellahi,人才管理被定义为“活动和过程,包括系统的识别关键职位的不同导致组织的可持续的竞争优势,一个高潜力人才的发展和高性能的现任者来填补这些角色,以及开发差异化的人力资源架构,以帮助有能力的现任人员填补这些职位,并确保他们继续致力于本组织。在接下来的内容中,英国论文代写专家将为同学们讲解下有关人才管理的定义。

根据Murthy (2010, p. 64)的定义,人才管理可以被定义为“管理员工的整个生命周期,从吸引和雇佣到晋升和找到退休后的接班人。”它还包括识别现有人才与推动业务成功所需人才之间的关键差距。”

在基于人才绩效标准的文献中,有两种主要但不同的人才管理观点(Sullivan, 2005;十字架,2007)。一种观点认为人才是未经培训的个人,并主张根据其绩效水平监督人才(Dessler, 2013)。详细地说,可以说,公司应该寻找高度熟练的表现,招聘他们,并奖励他们在特定的角色的表现(Harper, 2013)。这意味着一个组织将只有A级的执行者,没有B级或C级执行者的空间。这就是麦肯锡(McKinsey, 1997年)提出的“人才战争”。例如,组织之间会相互竞争,以招聘为数不多的最佳表现者(Dessler, 2013),不包括人才管理过程。

另一种观点认为,人才是一个组合,组织应该处理人才库的整体表现。这意味着公司应该拥有a、B和C级的人才,并欣赏他们的表现,以获得全面的成功。这些观点要求一个组织必须招聘和发展组织内的员工必须有适当的过程来与组织内的所有层次进行协作和沟通(Cross, 2007),包括人才管理过程。作为人才管道的人才管理过程中很少有步骤或阶段,它们是:

吸引和/或招聘人才(A、B、C级人才)

作为业绩激励的奖励

在组织内开发人才并组织他们,即在组织内引入灵活性

吸引和留住人才

绩效跟踪和绩效管理(绩效管理流程)

退出政策。

这里应该指出的是,无论立场是什么,在今天竞争激烈的商业环境中,至关重要的是有才华的员工在一个组织内的适当平衡。这里可以说明的是,人才管理的过程正变得至关重要和关键(Dessler, 2013)。

According to Murthy (2010, p. 64), talent management can be defined as “managing the entire employee lifecycle from attracting and hiring to promoting and finding a successor upon retirement. It also includes identification of the key gaps between the talent in place and the talent required to drive business success”.

There are two major, but dissimilar standpoints of talent management available in the literature based on the criteria of talent performance (Sullivan, 2005; Cross, 2007). One standpoint considers talent as untrained individuals and advocates supervision of talents according to their level of performance (Dessler, 2013). Elaborately, it can be stated that companies should look for highly proficient performers, recruit them and reward them apart from their performance in specific role (Harper, 2013). It means that an organization will have only A grade performers and there will be no room for B or C grade performers. This is what is considered as “War of Talent” as coined by McKinsey (1997). For example, organizations will compete with each other to recruit the scarce number of best performers (Dessler, 2013) exclusive of talent management process.

The other standpoint states that talent is a combination and organization should handle the overall performance of the talent pool. It means that companies should have a mixture of A, B and C grade talents and appreciate their performance to achieve overall success. These perspective demands that an organization must recruit and develop employees within the organization must have proper processes to collaborate and communicate with all the levels within the organization (Cross, 2007) inclusive of talent management process. There are few steps or stages in talent management process considered as talent pipeline, they are as follows:

Attracting and/or recruiting talents (A, B and C grade talents)

Rewarding as performance to motivate

Developing talents within organization and organizing them i.e. bringing in flexibility within the organization

Engaging and retention of the pool of talents

Tracking performance and managing performance (performance management process)

Exit policies.

It should be noted here that whatever may be the standpoint is, in today’s competitive business environment it is essential to have the right balance of talented employees within an organization. It can be stated here that the process of talent management is becoming vital and critical (Dessler, 2013).

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英国代写:依恋理论的定义

英国代写:依恋理论的定义。依恋理论的主要定义是基于依恋在个人发展中的作用,它特别指出,发展对另一个个体的依恋感是负责提供作为一个人格发展所需要的安全感和稳定性。因此,依恋理论可以被认为是依恋行为系统的概念支撑,依恋行为系统通过维持联系和寻求与其他个体的亲近来调节婴儿的行为,以达到心理或生理安全。在接下来的内容中,英国代写专家将为同学们分析下杰罗姆·卡根的依恋理论定义。

Jerome Kagan的《Three delight Ideas》中对依恋理论最主要的批评体现在一些例子中,这些例子强调了婴儿早期经验对长期心理发展的影响(Csikszentmihalyi, 2014)。批评认为,婴儿在其第一个发展阶段所形成的行为态度不能与无限的稳定性联系在一起。在这方面值得注意的另一个突出方面是依恋理论家关于婴儿的环境对他们发展的影响的推论。

该著作提出的第二个批评是利用复杂抽象的心理过程,如记忆、学习、调节、恐惧和注意,推导出依恋理论(Freud, 2017)。这些抽象过程的使用不能概括不同物种的结果,抽象过程理论化的模糊性反映了依恋理论的局限性。快乐的目标作为人类大多数行为的潜在动机,反映了对依恋理论的批判。

可以观察到,虽然可以从行为成分中识别出婴儿期依恋的影响,但快乐的目标可能会导致个体行为的改变(Larsen et al., 2017)。这一事实可以根据个人根据其道德标准描绘特征的固有愿望与决定行动过程时的愉悦或减少痛苦的感官感觉之间的冲突而得到证实。

Therefore, attachment theory can be considered as a conceptual underpinning of the attachment behavioral system which regulates infant behavior in terms of maintaining contacts and seeking proximity with other individuals for psychological or physical safety (Card, 2017). However, Jerome Kagan has presented explicit criticisms for attachment theory in his works which can be illustrated as follows.

The foremost criticism of attachment theory in Jerome Kagan’s ‘Three Pleasing Ideas’ is observed in the examples highlighting ambiguities related to the impact of early experience among infants on long term psychological development (Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). The criticism suggests that behavioral attitudes developed by infants in their first developmental stage could not be associated with indefinite stability. Another prominent aspect to be noticed in this context is the inference of attachment theorists regarding the influence of the environment of the infant on their development.

The second criticism drawn forward in the work was the use of complex abstract psychological processes such as memory, learning, regulation, fear and attention to derive the attachment theory (Freud, 2017). The use of these abstract processes fails to generalize the outcomes across various species and the ambiguity pertaining to theorization of abstract processes is reflective of the limitations of attachment theory. The objective of pleasure as the underlying motive of majority of human actions is reflective of a criticism of the attachment theory.

It can be observed that while impact of attachment in the infancy stage could be identified in behavioral components, the objective of pleasure could be responsible for changes in behavior of an individual (Larsen et al., 2017). This fact can be validated on the grounds of conflict between the inherent desire of an individual to depict characteristics in accordance with their moral standards and the sensory feeling of pleasure or reduction of pain in determining the course of action.

以上内容就是依恋理论的定义分析。如果同学们有需要论文代写的地方,详情可以在线咨询英国论文代写平台客服,此论文代写平台机构为留学生们提供专业的硕士论文代写、essay代写、assignment代写等论文服务,丰富的论文代写经验值得留学生们选择和信赖!

英国论文代写:以色列的进出口商品

英国论文代写:以色列的进出口商品。以色列在进出口商品方面有着良好的记录,它也试图控制贸易逆差扩大的可能性。根据联合国Comtrade数据库,以色列的出口总额为605亿美元,进口货物和服务总额为658亿美元。这表明赤字约为50亿美元,以当代的标准来看,这种赤字始终是可以控制的,并可通过政策干预加以减少。接下来英国论文代写将为同学们分析下以色列的进出口商品。

以色列最大的出口仍然是钻石,约占其出口总额的28%,其次是包装药物(6.9%),集成电路(6.1%),非包装药物(4.5%),电话(2.8%)和其他电机(2.3%)(“OEC -以色列(ISR)出口、进口和贸易伙伴”,2017)。这表明钻石是出口收入的主要来源,在该国国内生产总值和就业统计中占很大比重。一个大的工业构成了其国内生产总值的增长,以支持政府的外汇收入,这有助于为该部门配备必要的基础设施。

进口类别表明其电力需求、装备和升级其技术服务的机械需求以及其日益增长的基础设施发展需求。

有趣的是,它进口珍珠、宝石、核反应堆、锅炉、电气和电子设备,以及光学照片和仪器。这也表明,它是一个贸易经济,较少依赖自己的生产。中国大量进口这些商品,加工、抛光、组装,然后出口到主要国家赚取利润。这说明,在智力增长和实力方面,中国对本国人力的依赖程度较低,而这无疑是中国、印度、欧盟和美国等经济体的基石。

根据联合国Comtrade数据库,以色列的服务贸易仍然非常健康,进口230亿美元,出口356亿美元。随着全球商品竞争的加剧,假冒产品不断涌入市场,服务贸易正成为贸易收入的主流手段。以色列已经表明,服务贸易可以赚取可观的收入,甚至可以显示出超过商品贸易的可能性,如果商品是本地生产和减少进口依赖。

Israel’s biggest export remained diamonds constituting about 28% of its total exports, followed by packaged medicaments at 6.9%, integrated circuits at 6.1%, unpackaged medicaments at 4.5%, telephones at 2.8% and other electrical machinery at 2.3% (“OEC – Israel (ISR) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners”, 2017). This indicates that diamonds are a major source of export revenue and constitute a lot of its GDP and employment statistics. A large industry constitutes its GDP growth in supporting government revenues in foreign currency and this helps in equipping the sector with the requisite infrastructure.

The category of imports indicates its power demand, its demand of machinery to equip and upgrade its technology enabled services, and its growing need of infrastructure development.

Interestingly, it imports pearls, precious stones, nuclear reactors, boilers, electrical and electronic equipment, and optical photo and apparatus. This also indicates that it is a trading economy and less dependent on its own production. The nation imports these commodities in bulk, works on it, polishes them, assembles them and exports it to major nations to make profit. This infers its low dependence on its own manpower in terms of intellectual growth and prowess, which is certainly the bedrock of economies like China, India, EU and the US.

As per the UN Comtrade Database, Israel’s service trade remained very healthy with import of $23 billion and export of $35.6 billion. Service trade is becoming the mainstream instrument of trade revenues, as competition in goods is catching up across the world, and counterfeit products flood the market on a consistent basis. Israel has shown that service trade can earn significant revenues, and can even display a likelihood of surpassing goods trade if the goods are locally produced and import dependence is reduced.

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英国代写多少钱:污染控制模式

英国代写多少钱:污染控制模式。污染控制模式更多的是实践,而不是理想主义,因为它更关注经济方面和对污染控制的影响。可持续发展是无法实现的,因为这种模式只关注和使用其资源来控制污染,而不是无形的影响。这种方式更有权威性,由国家主导,对公民强制执行,而不是自愿遵守。接下来英国论文代写专家将为同学们分享下污染控制模式的论文范文。

污染控制模式更多的是实践,而不是理想主义,因为它更关注经济方面和对污染控制的影响。可持续发展是无法实现的,因为这种模式只关注和使用其资源来控制污染,而不是无形的影响。这种方式更有权威性,由国家主导,对公民强制执行,而不是自愿遵守。而弱的可持续发展模式则要求以经济发展作为未来环境保护的先决条件,这就要求整个国家集中精力保护经济原则,为经济发展提供动力。这种方法认为,如果有经济优势,只有这样才能保护环境,因此更强调确保活动的进行。更多的人力资本被用来取代自然资本,假设保存自然资本是为了进一步的效用。

强有力的可持续发展模式需要环境进步和保护作为未来经济进步的先决条件。为了实现这一目标,人们认识到全球自然资源正面临着枯竭的威胁,因此需要立即予以注意,尽管地方政府存在着不足。在逆转支撑其原则信念所需的先决条件方面,这种模式与弱可持续模式不同。弱可持续模式只确认和承认全球资源不平等,而强可持续模式确认、承认并努力通过政策措施解决不平等问题。在上述三种模式的基础上,理想的可持续发展模式以与自然和谐相处、适应自然变化为基本原则,以抵御和消除人们感知到的所有自然资源枯竭威胁。考虑到四种模式吸收的各种方法,理想的可持续发展模式是唯一的,在这种模式中,所有的环境问题都充分地内在化在政策决定中。污染方法模式在考虑和处理污染外部性方面是最弱的,因为它只是试图在污染被认为是有害的时候遏制它,而不是其他方面。

The pollution control model is more practice and less idealistic in the sense that it is concerned more with economic aspects and influence on pollution control than others. Sustainable development will not be achieved because the model only focusses and uses its resources to curb pollution and not the intangible impacts. Such an approach is more authoritative, state-led, and enforced on citizens rather than a wiling adherence. In contrast, weak sustainable development model requires economic progress as a prerequisite for future environment protection, and this requires the whole focus on preserving economic principles and fuels its progress. This method believes that if economic advantage is available, only then the environment can be protected, and hence there is more stress on securing activities. More human capital is used to replace natural capital, assuming the preservation of natural capital for further utility.

The strong sustainable development model requires environmental progress and protection as a prerequisite for future economic progress. For this to take place there is a realization that global natural resources are under threat of depletion, and therefore require immediate attention, irrespective of the local government’s inadequacies. This model is different from weak sustainable model in terms of the reversal of the prerequisites required to underpin its principle belief. Weak sustainable model only identifies and acknowledges global inequality of resources but strong sustainable model identifies, acknowledges, and strives to address the inequality by policy measures. In deference to the above three models, the ideal sustainable development model ideates on the fundamental principle of co-harmonious living with nature and adapting to its changes, so as to resist and subside all perceived depletion threats of natural resources. Considering the varied approach imbibed in the four models, ideal sustainable development mode is the only one, in which all environmental concerns are fully internalized in policy decisions. The pollution approach model is the weakest in considering and addressing pollution externalities, as it just attempts to curb pollution when it is deemed harmful and not otherwise.

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