新西兰论文代写:自然灾害

新西兰论文代写:自然灾害

强风,特别是当与季节性风暴的降水相结合时,会对电力系统造成损害,从而导致大量电力客户的服务中断。虽然大部分停电是由树木和树枝的损坏造成的,但由于当地的电力输送线路和电线杆的损坏,电力供应中断的主要原因是电力输送线路的损坏。

新西兰论文代写:自然灾害

根据风暴的严重程度和由此造成的损害,电力中断可能持续几个小时,或延长至几天,并产生实际的经济影响。电力中断会影响企业(主要是通过失去订单和损坏易腐货物和库存)和制造商(主要是通过停工和损失生产,或设备损坏)。来自不同研究的数据导致美国经济每年损失200亿到550亿美元。数据还表明,与天气有关的事件的中断趋势正在增加。

新西兰论文代写:自然灾害

High winds, especially when combined with precipitation from seasonal storms, can cause damage to electricity utility systems, resulting in service interruptions to large numbers of electricity customers. While most such power outages are caused by damage from trees and tree limbs falling on local electricity distribution lines and poles, major power outages tend to be caused by damage to electricity transmission lines which carry bulk power long distances.

新西兰论文代写:自然灾害
Depending on the severity of the storm and resulting impairment, power outages can last a few hours or extend to periods of several days and have real economic effects. Power outages can impact businesses (primarily through lost orders and damage to perishable goods and inventories) and manufacturers (mainly through downtime and lost production, or equipment damage). Data from various studies leads to cost estimates from storm-related outages to the US economy between $20 billion and $55 billion annually. Data also suggests that the trend of outages from weather-related events is increasing.

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