In this way, the research conducted by sports scholars in the US regarding football can be said to be relatively underdeveloped, particularly when it is compared with other sports like baseball. However in this regard, it is significant to evaluate the themes that have been highlighted in some of the current books that have tried to place football in the framework of the society and history of America (Oriard, 1993). While some of these books have focused on the history of college football during the pre-World War II era, the focus of other books has been on professional and high school football during the more recent years (Foer, 2004). In the present research, the data provided by these books have been analyzed in order to evaluate the main themes of the study of American football as well as the broader questions related with the role of football in the formation of identity and in popular culture (Riess, 1995).
In case of most of the academic studies conducted during the recent years, the focus has been on one or more of the founding fathers. These are the few men who have played an important role in the emergence of football in America as a distinct sport and also as a mass spectacle. Therefore, it is not surprising that Walter Camp, who is considered as the ‘father’ of football in America finds mention in all these studies (Rader, 1996). In the same way, Amos Alonzo Stagg, the coach at the University of Chicago is also a prominent figure. Similarly, John Heisman and Knute Rockne also appear to be larger-than-life in a number of accounts mentioned in these studies.