The Toccata in E-flat minor is a solo piano piece written by Khachaturian, and was part of a three-movement piece that was written as Toccata, Waltz-Capriccio and a dance piece. With time the Toccata came to be recognized as a unique musical subject on its own. The style of the Toccata draws from Armenian folk melodies and the form and rhythm is drawn from baroque techniques, and begins with the Allegro marcatissimo. The form includes a central section Andante espressivo, and comprises a code of around 5 minutes.
The Toccatto was published in the year 1932 when the Armenian composer was studying composition with Miaskovsky at the Moscow Conservatory. The Allegro marcatissimo presents itself as a strong rhythm in the beginning, “This is played fast with very marked emphasis. It has very lively and powerful rhythmic drive establishing itself from the very beginning of the Toccata, which begins Allegro marcatissimo” It has four rhythmic units in a measure of 4/4 which accelerates from single quarter noted to dotted eight notes. The repetition is such that, a movement from one harmony to another is noticed, however the timbre and the rhythm remains the same. These hence become a very salient feature when the music opens.
Block chords break the motion as there is a transition to a second section. Now this is the section where there is triplet repeated note instead and repetitions takes up different sizes hence. The transition eventually crashes to a halt when it comes to a descending arpeggio in the low bass. While Allegro marcatissimo is played fast, the central section Andante espressivo, as compared to the first and the transition section shows moderately slow movement with expression.
His experimentation with many eastern instruments and folk music he listened to in his early years led to much improvisation. However, the early year experimentation was never really complete. In fact, they were more of little forms and it was only when the Toccata was created that he really expanded on it. The Toccata was a repertoire with strong connections to folk music and it was considered the finest improvisation with roots in Armenian folk music.