This article was published by Guanghua School of Management and IEPR, Peking University. The authors of this article are Yuyu Chen and Li-An Zhou. This article was made online on 11 January 2007.
The long-term impacts of the China’s famine on the economic and health position in the years 1959-1961 of the survivors by using the difference-in-differences method in this paper. For the survivors of the famines led to some serious economic and health impacts, especially for the people who were in the early on childhood at the time of famine. The paper has concluded that if the famine would not have occurred then the people born in the year 1959 might have grown about 3.03cm taller in their adult life.
In the human history China’s famine of 1959-1961 is one of the nastiest famines in the human history. There were about 30 million postponed or lost births and there were around 15-30 million surplus deaths (Yao, 1999). Not many researchers have reached the long-term economic and health impacts and regarding the magnitude of these consequences very little is known about it.
During the three year time period of 1959-1961, the famine shaped a huge population which was undernourished. Revelation to famine-related diseases and malnutrition harmfully impacted the survivor’s health. In the adulthood the consequences of negative health might lead to negative economic results.