The nature of the workforce across the organizations is going through a change because of the increasing significance of the internet in daily life, forces of globalization and various other factors. Companies have to deal with changes in their workforce very effectively so as to survive in current highly competitive marketplace. Specifically, programs and initiatives are to be devised by firms which aim to handle the issues related to ageing population of workforce in the developed nations (Enns 2005). Moreover, they are also aimed to ensure diversity in the workforce so as to ensure the overall growth of the employees in the firm by interacting with employees of different cultural background. Companies are left with no choice but to accommodate workforce who have a preference of new pattern of working because of the change in pattern of employment which includes job sharing and working from home (Remery 2003).
The aim of the paper is to analyze to what extent the management of Apple Inc. which is a multinational company based in US, producing computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers is taking into consideration the diversity in its workforce. This paper would focus on four changes which are diversity in workforce, ageing workforce, changes in development and training needs and flexibility of the workforce.
One of the major problems of European nations, US and Russia is the ageing workforce. It has been observed in many researches that the number of Americans above the age of 65 by 2030 would double and would represent about 20% of the population of US which is 72 million people. There are no enough young people to replace the job positions of the people who were born in the period after the Second World War (the ones who are approaching their age of retirement); many levels of problems are being created by this. The issue related to the ageing workforce is totally comprehended by the management of the Apple Inc (Dass 1999). As a result of the same, they have employed various initiatives and programs which are directed towards minimizing the negative effects of this problem.