The Central government of China has released “national Air Pollution Control Action Plan” to guide different cities and provinces about the use of coal as the main source of energy generation (Gao). A target to reduce coal consumption by of 83 million tons has been set by the government by the year 2017 (Stephen and Socolow 970). The Greenpeace along with WHO is pushing the Chinese government to update and upgrade the air quality issue of China and to set its current AIR Quality Updates which is around 20 years old. Initiatives has been taken by the Chinese government to replace coal used for the purpose of domestic use and for commercial purposes with that renewable energies like natural gases and nuclear energy . Coal is the major source of fuel used in China for the purpose of heating houses and commercial buildings . It has been highlighted by Greenpeace that hydroelectricity will be able to replace coal fired electricity by .264 trillions, whereas, windmills can generate around .895 trillion of energy and .758 trillion energy can be generated by means of nuclear reactors but all this will incur a huge cost to the government which is a matter of worry. But in China changes are so minute that it is difficult to measure at the moment.
It is important for WHO and other international monitoring agencies to regularly check whether the policies adopted by China to clean the city air is actually being utilized otherwise the situation of the country will never improve. It is also essential that these monitoring bodies must impose huge fine for country like China for not protecting the lives of its own countrymen and allowing them to attain premature death due to extreme pollution. Moreover if steady actions are not taken then children and young adults will be the major victim of the air pollution. As majority of them are developing respiratory problems and pre-maturing aging and other nerve related disorders.