Francois Quesnay was the first to gain popularity because he introduced about the scientific system into political economy. Before this concept, the concepts of bourgeois society were present. The history of political economy can be divided into three stages and these stages will be discussed with the explanations of the concepts presented by Smith, Ricardo and Marx. The development of stage one was the period when productive power was developed under the relations of feudal. At this time period the ideology of capitalism was presented and views of Marx were used in the development of the new idea. Capitalist relations of the production needed to be replaced with the existing relations of the production ones. During this period the characteristic of political economy was about the notion of national order that had the idea of order that actually existed. Idea was based on God’s will; God will give happiness to mankind. Natural orders image was viewed as perfect harmony and other maladies of existing society were viewed as artificial states because they were contrary to the natural systems (Cooper, 2012). The main role of the statesman was to use their power based on a firm reason. In this way the natural orders were based on the laws that already existed and they should be aligned with the ideal state. An effort was conducted to eliminate the principles of economic operations that were governed by the natural order. The outcomes of this were the development of political economy. Doctrine in the first stage can now be examined using the natural economic order principle. It is evaluated that the natural economic order is capitalist relations of the production that are combined with the natural laws. These laws are not more than capitalist productions.