胡适(1891 – 1962)和陈独秀(1880 – 1942)是伟大的改革者和促进了乡土文学作品。这一时期是独特的因为它受到了强烈的政治倾向重视人们的生活。女性作家也出现了,虽然数量很少,直接表达了女性主体性相关的情感和思想。这段时间似乎也描绘了现代的青年和人民之间的斗争后,儒家的家庭制度。幽默的概念(youmo),林语堂推出了明显的中国文化和政治的批评。
Hu Shih (1891-1962) and Chen Duxiu (1880-1942) were the great reformers and promoted the vernacular literary works. This period was distinctive as it was influenced by strong political tendencies attaching great importance to the lives of people. Women writers also emerged, although few in number, gave direct expression to the feelings and thoughts related to female subjectivity. This period also appears to have depicted the struggle between the youth of modern age and the people following the system of Confucian family. The concept of humour (youmo) was introduced by Lin Yutang as evident in China’s cultural and political criticism.
One of the famous works during this period was The Story of the Sahara by Chen Maoping. It is one of the most popular romantic books describing the writers’ encounters and adventures in the deserts of Sahara and her relationship with her husband.
Mo Yan, Nobel Prize winner in literature, is one of the most famous Chinese writers in the world. His access to literary works was influenced by social realism prevalent under the rule of Mao Zedong. His work was based on the theme of conflict and class struggle. His work as a short story writer and a famous novelist include Red Sorghum which depicts the story of the Shandong family and their three generations. This book tells a story about the family struggles faced by the Shandong family during the period of 1923 and 1976. This was also the time of Cultural Revolution when civil disputes were going on between the warring groups of the Sino-Japanese war in order to get hold of political power and rival gangs. Big Breasts and Wide Hips was one other famous work by him, which won him the Nobel Prize in literature. This book is a depiction of a life journey of a mother and her children. The book revolves around the idea of bringing out the simplicity, greatness and selfless contribution of a mother.