he purpose of the methodology section is to highlight the methodology adopted in order to conduct the comparative analysis. The secondary research methodology has been adopted here. The case study approach has been used and the tools that are used for analysis are also presented in detail.
Secondary data has been collected by means of research journals, EU reports and Governmental reports. The secondary data has been compiled into a case study. The case study form has been used as it is convenient to conduct the comparisons. The elements used for analysis are derived from the tools for risks assessment planning, the risk management planning and risk communication planning (Cooer et al, 2006; Yin, 2013). Each of these tools are not applied in full to understand the case studies, rather the elements of the tool are used to understand them.
A Risks assessment plan, a risks management plan and a risks communication plan are the main tools made use of here. Each of these tools forms the core of case study investigation of European and Chinese style of management of residual drug present in livestock and impact to the people who consume it. Based on the analysis of these tools, recommendations are then made to the management.
The purpose of the risk assessment plan is to ensure that there is a process in place in order to identify the hazards in the case something goes wrong. As presented in literature evidence and in the research background section (of introduction) it is possible that there could be risks and hazards despite there being a regulatory framework in place. In order to mitigate these risks, it is hence necessary to have a comprehensive risk assessment process in place. In this research however the risk assessment is used to determine the potential impact that would happen because of management failure in the European and the Chinese end. There are numerous hazards, but the method adopted here considers only 5 of these hazards. The hazards are created to humans because of the residual contamination of livestock. The assets considered however will not only be humans, it will include the environment, animals, economics of trade and more. All assets that are connected to the risks in question are hence considered. While the hazard identification is the first step, this is also the step where the hazard is easily containable. Hence any form of hazard identification used in the case of veterinary public health should ensure that this step is comprehensive. In the assets at risk the vulnerabilities are identified and once the hazard (residual veterinary medicines in livestock) happens, then an impact analysis needs to be done. The risk assessment step that this research would focus on are that of the probability of occurrence, the vulnerability and impact. The comparison (of European and Chinese management of residual veterinary medicine in animal food) at the assessment stage would hence be carried out with these points.