英国论文代写-非动物实验方法的实施。在美国，最近由FDA, NIH和环境保护署合作开展了一项名为Tox21的研究。在同样的条件下，各公司的专家们也不断涌现，以一种有效的方式来定义和开发一些非动物实验方法，通过这些方法可以在很短的时间内测试大量的化学物质。这种技术被称为高通量测试(Robinson et al, 2002)。
Another initiative has been taken in Europe under the program which has been sponsored by the government. This program has been named as SEURAT-1. Under this program the focus is being laid on the creation of non animal ways for the purpose of testing in order to do the evaluation of toxicity which may be cause of the repeated exposure (Goh et al, 2015).
The change has also been observed in China, where animal testing isn’t required on some of the regular cosmetics such as perfumes, make up, shampoos, conditioners, nail polish etc. This will ensure that the companies shouldn’t use animals for the purpose of cosmetics. This can help in the significant decrease in the suffering which had to be beard by rabbits, mice and other animals as well.
Thus, in the present times, a worldwide sentiment is growing for the purpose of ending the animal testing. All the methods which have been mentioned above are as a result of the social, political and economic changes which have been addressed by the government, the people and the animal activist agencies. The nations and the companies have taken decisions to create such technologies in which there is a minimal use of the animal testing methods. Also the impact of animal activists is forcing the companies to change their decisions who aren’t supporting the cause.
It is important to ensure that there should be a proper protection to animals. A large number of agencies are working throughout the world in order to ensure that the rights of the animals are protected and their sufferings are reduced by a great extent. The companies are now taking up initiatives through which the pain and the sufferings on the animals can be minimized and they are also devising out a number of new methods which must be created for the purpose of testing. The three Rs have been launched for the purpose of reduction in animal testing which states that there should be an improvement in the animal testing techniques; improvement should be there in data analysis and sharing of the information with other companies and researchers. The recent replacements has been done by the animal testing companies by the employment of more and more computer based programs and the models, by studying the alternatives to animal testing and by conduction of the experimentation on cell cultures rather than using the complete animals (Goldberg, 2015).
Thus, from the literature it can be concluded that animal testing decisions have been changed because of the number of political, social and ethical factors studied in the literature review.
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