英国论文代写价格-中国兽药残留控制。中国兽药残留控制是通过农业部实施的。自20世纪90年代以来，农业部将重点放在最大剩余极限方面(如文献综述的前一部分所述)。农业部和国家质检总局是中国实施监控的两个主要机构。截至今年，已发出了250多种形式的MRLs。MRL的分类和使用对这些药物是相当具有挑战性的(Gossner et al, 2009)。根据适用的动物标准，有多种使用分类。到目前为止，农业部已经发布了三版《药典(兽药)》，这是中华人民共和国(WHO, 2015)剩余药品管理的独家规定。除了药典外，大约有8个版本已经发布了用于动物和动物产品生物制剂的协议。《中华人民共和国药典(兽医版)》的英文版也有，药典浓缩的具体指南也被用作最佳实践。
Some of the major steps that have been established in the PRC with respect to residual drug control is that of the publishing of standards on testing methods which are to be employed for drug residual control. These are based on information collected from some of the major counties and the MRLs. Thirty-nine standards of testing methods for the respective MRLs have been established for different drug residue products. The MOA has been improving on much of the exiting standards and has been gradually increasing the standards. As of the year 2009, there are as many as 140 different standards for residual drug testing. The drug testing standards comprise not just the residual drug elements but also includes those elements such as in the case of prohibited drugs Chloramphenicol etc (Gossner et al, 2009). Both a preliminary proactive monitoring team is set up and in addition a more on the field team also works to ensure the veterinary drug residue breach is lesser. As of the year 2008, China has conducted almost around 11,975 batches of animal products testing in which there has been a residual unconformity rate of 0.07% and high. Despite there being a management set up to handle things, it is seen that China has had issues and this leads to people concerns (Wu, & Zhu, 2014).
Wu and Zhu in their book on food safety in China show that major food risk accidents in the country have led to a much shaken consumer confidence in the industry. Nearly 47 percent of respondents had stated that their confidence on food safety was down because of the various scandals over the year. The rates are quite consistent in both the urban and rural areas. The media is a two edged sword (Chen et al, 2008). At one end the MOA uses the media in order to communicate its work, the residual safety level check that is being done and also attempts to increase people awareness on food safety and Veterinary public health. On the other hand, the same media is also responsible for increasing people’s fear (Dixon and Watson, 2001). This is what leads to people having insecure notions on this food. However, this survey that has been conducted by Wu and Zhu is not with respect to the residual drug levels alone, it also includes other form of food safety issues and hence cannot be taken to be a completely reliable indicator on the management level risks concerns with respect to VPH (Wu, & Zhu, 2014). Research conducted specifically on the use of pesticides and veterinary drug residues seems to indicate that the rural people in China might have more concerns about the veterinary drug residues compared to the urban respondents. This response of rural people worrying more about the veterinary drug residue more compared to urban people is a trend to be considered (Wu, & Zhu, 2014).
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