这句话确实是对的。在21世纪，世界环境状况强调这一声明。这导致一些环保主义者声称，发达国家需要支付比发展中国家更多的环境损害(Li et al.， 2011)。历史上，发达国家有责任通过战争手段破坏资源和土地，当他们自己的资源枯竭时，他们残酷地对待殖民地(Bantu, 2017)。因此，与发展中国家相比，发达国家的责任更大。
富裕国家应该为更高水平的污染负责，工业化导致空气质量、碳排放、土地和水污染以及大气中的温室气体(Lee et al.， 2016)。这些国家的工业化、发明和更便捷的旅行方式，消耗了更多的资源，使地球付出了高昂的代价。根据联合国千年生态系统评估，发达国家消耗了全球85%以上的资源，而这些资源只占其人口的15% (Hrabanski, 2017)。为了满足更高的消费需求和保持首选的生活方式，殖民主义被终结，劳动密集型、资源消耗和污染行业被转移到发展中国家(Ng, 2012)。因此，工业实际上不在发达国家之内，人们认为与全球环境有关的危机已经得到了战胜。真正的问题是，这些国家没有认识到，这个问题只是转移到发展中国家，而没有得到解决。
According to the UN, in reference to the aggregate of INDCs, the world is on a 2.7C trajectory while 2C is the safety limit specified by scientists. As GHG emission results from fossil fuel type industrial activities, it is affirmed by the UN that the historical responsibility is of the developed nations, though countries like China are significant contributors (Geden, 2016). It is required of the developed nations to reduce emission resulting in less carbon space being available for accommodation of development requirements of the nations that are developing.
YES, Developed nations should bear the sole responsibility in tackling climate change due to their historical contributions to GHG emissions
This statement is indeed true. In the 21st century, the environmental situation of the world is emphasized upon this statement. It has resulted in a number of environmentalists to assert that it is required of developed nations to pay more than developing countries towards the environmental damage (Li et al., 2011). Historically speaking, the developed countries are responsible for destructing resources and land by means of war, and they brutalized colonies when their own resources depleted (Bantu, 2017). Thus, the responsibility of developed nations is more as compared to the developing countries.
The richer nations are responsible for creating higher levels of pollution, industrialization results in higher release of air mass, carbon emission, land and water pollution along with the GHG in the atmosphere (Lee et al., 2016). Industrialization, inventions and easier modes of travel in these nations have cost the planet dearly with the use of more resources. As per the UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the developed nations use up above 85% of the global resources which accounts for only 15% of their population (Hrabanski, 2017). In order to satiate the higher consumption needs and maintain the preferred lifestyle, colonism is done with the labour intensive, resource consuming and polluting industries being moved to the developing countries (Ng, 2012). As such, industries are physically not within the developed nations, it is assumed that the crisis pertaining to global environment has been combatted. The actual problem is that these countries fail to acknowledge that the issue has simply been relocated to the developing nations and not been fixed.
It is true that developed nations should solely bear the responsibility pertaining to climate change as a result of their historical contribution to GHG emission. These nations are economically advanced and can provide funds to the developing countries to safeguard the environment and tackle the problem related to pollution, environment and GHG emission. The developing nations are responsible for weight transfer by them as they require more resources. Thus, they exploit the weaker countries to obtain their resources. The developed countries have a high rate of industrialization that result in more GHG being emitted and higher rate of pollution being generated. Although there are developing countries such as china and India that significantly contribute towards climatic change due to environmental issues, they are not strong enough economically or entirely responsible for the damage caused. It is essential that the stronger nations support their weaker counterparts and together the various countries together tackle the effects of GHG emission. The developed countries for years have utilized their resources and moved on to developing countries to expand their industrialization. This significantly includes the burning of fossil fuel that notably damages the environment. While it is required that all the countries work together to eradicate pollution, the power of the developed nations is more and they are better equipped to shoulder the responsibility related to the damages and effects of GHG emission on the climate.