英文論文寫作:ACS的價值

英文論文寫作:ACS的價值
現在根據ACS的第二個價值,ICT應該保護和促進人們的健康和安全。其含義是它不應該直接或間接地影響人們的健康。 ACS代碼和案例研究表明,計算機專業人員必須“避免在您的專業角色中進行任何可能損害專業形像或有損ACS良好聲譽的行為或行為”(ACS, 2014b, p.13)。所以Jane不應該在軟件系統的測試上簽字。現在考慮義務論,不管結果如何,行為本身都會成為焦點。根據一個人的職責,公共利益必須優先於個人、私人或部門利益(ACS, 2014)。現在Jane在部門-私人利益(幫助她自己的公司)和公共利益(考慮他們交付軟件的公司)、與公司相關的不同利益相關者(如果系統失敗,這些利益相關者可能蒙受損失)之間進行了衝突。
根據ACS規定的首要價值,當發生衝突時,Jane必須為公眾做出決定,而不考慮她的利益和公司的私人利益。功能是否威脅生命並不重要。簡決定支持公共利益而反對她的個人利益。這適用於當前的情況,意味著Jane不應該在軟件上簽名。現在在分析義務論和功利主義下的決策問題的基礎上,利用White的框架,建議Jane不要在代碼上簽字。相反,她應該致力於一些替代方案,在這些方案中,他們可以通知客戶需要如何進行進一步的測試,從而延長他們的合同,然後允許客戶承擔風險,接受已知風險的軟件,如果他們願意的話。這樣,Jane就可以確信她很好地利用了自己的經驗,並為客戶提供了專業的建議。她還將確保她的公司不會倒閉,而且未來的聲譽也不會受損。

英文論文寫作:ACS的價值

Now according to the second value of the ACS, the ICT should protect and promote the health and safety of people. The meaning is that it should not directly or indirectly affect the health of people. ACS code and case studies state that the computing professional must “refrain from any conduct or action in your professional role which may tarnish the image of the profession or detract from the good name of the ACS (ACS, 2014b, p.13). So Jane should not sign off on the tests for the software system.Now considering deontology, the action itself is brought into focus irrespective of the consequence. According to one’s duty, the public interest must take over precedence from personal, or private or sectional interests (ACS, 2014). Now Jane is conflicted between sectional-private interests (that of helping her own company) versus the public interest of thinking of the company that they are delivering the software too, the different stakeholders associated with the company who could suffer a loss if the system fails, etc.
According to the value of primacy specified in the ACS, when in a conflict, Jane has to decide for the public, irrespective of her interests and her company’s private interests. It does not matter if the functionalities do or do not threaten lives. Jane decides in favor of public interest and against her private interests. This applied to current situation means Jane should not sign off on the software. Now based on analyzing for decision making under deontology and utilitarianism, and using White’s framework, it is recommended that Jane should not sign off on the code. She should instead work on some alternative where they can inform client of how further tests need to be conducted which would extend their contract and then allow the client to take the risk of accepting the software as such with known risks if they want to. This way Jane would be assured she has used her experience well, and has professionally advised the client. She also would assure that her company does not fail and its reputation is preserved in the future, too.

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