A leader is a person who has a vision, the ability to communicate it to other and to motivate them to act in ways that would help in achieving the vision (Giuliani&Kurson, 2002). A leader is a person who inspires others to reach their targets and to achieve their desires without any force at play. He leads all his followers towards a certain vision and does not give up until it is attained.
Leadership is not just the ability to inspire and motivate people to act in ways that they otherwise would not have and to help them reach their desired goals and objectives but it is also the ability to lead them towards a better future (Peters, & Austin, 1985). A good leader would recognize the abilities of his followers and use their strengths in the best way possible to reach the desired goals.
It is not only regarded as the capability to motivate the followers to reach their goals but also requires providing them with significant resources to achieve their aims as best as they can. A leader is not just a person who motivates his followers to perform certain tasks but acts as a role model to encourage them to work harder than ever before (Northouse, 2004).
Furthermore, according to the leadership-member theory (LMX), a leader has got two groups; an in-group and an out- group. Those members are in the in-group who are similar to the leader and receive his attention as against the members of the out-group who are neither similar to the leader nor are so they receive his attention.
Thus, in the current times, a leader is not just a person who guides his subordinates to perform a task instead he is a person who provides them with resources, information and motivation and helps them at every step to reach their desired goals. Motivation and communication are two important elements of effective leadership that must be achieved at any cost.