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英国论文抄袭后果-保护主义对全球经济未来的影响

  本篇英国论文抄袭后果-保护主义对全球经济未来的影响,资本主义和全球化的不断增加,巨大的不平等,不公平的分配正义,失衡获得教育和医疗,突然不同世界各地的工资和生活费用,由于互联性和高度敏感的商业环境的全球市场已经进入和平与和谐的主张在所有。例如,波兰拒绝接收任何难民,欧盟强制规定接收难民(Aljazeera.com, 2016)。因此,保护主义是主权国家剩下的唯一选择,它们意识到,为自己而活实际上可能更有意义、更有成就感。保护主义在英国退欧事件中表现得很明显,当时它真的觉得英国可以更快地实现繁荣,或者按照自己的意愿,让英国自己作保。以英国脱欧为例,在法国、波兰、罗马尼亚和其他国家,此类行为成倍增加。英国论文抄袭后果-保护主义对全球经济未来的影响提供给留学生阅读。

  Taking an example of Brexit, there has been a multiplication of such act in France, Poland, Romania, and other nations. The euphoric victory of Trump in the US came under the promise of protecting America and focussing back on its internal problems rather than meddling with other nations. Such events have a deep impact on the future of global economy, because conservatism and protectionism is meant to protect nations from being sold to others, rendering domestic self-sustainability as the prime objective. Such measures avoid global free movement of capital and labour, and also dislike excessive foreign investments (O’Rourke and Taylor, 2006). Risks are avoided to a major extent by limiting foreign investments, encouraging domestic investments and sustenance measures, in short a market which is at the most least risky to invest in and more predictable in nature (Von Mises and Greaves, 2011). Protectionism hurts global investors and businesses, as their growth plans are hit by restriction to market entries and limitations of expansion and continuous investments. Protectionism hates conspicuous consumption which global businesses are so good at promoting, despite warnings of waning natural resources and rising waste problem across the world. Global economy could become snail-paced if protectionism prevails.

  Britain leaving the EU and Trump’s winning the election marks the beginning of protectionist measures and policy popularity. Populism wins in such cases and policies though by economic leaders are significantly deviated. The US itself is high on income inequality, for protectionism is adopted (Resnikoff, 2015). The US and UK’s political environment has much to influence the global economy, as it is impacting all connected nations. The US’s stance on curbing the misuse of visas and reducing the number of foreign nationals entering the US has a major impact on the global economy. Many presupposed plans of manpower movement stops and so does the outlook for the country and its future. The thousands who abruptly realise the rejection received in the US could be in jeopardy and lead to confused and uncertain future. This also damages the economy to an extent.

  英国高阶论文代写Advanced Thesis平台机构为留学生们提供英国代写、essay代写、paper代写等论文代写服务,帮助留学生们解决论文的写作困扰,圆自己一个留学提升学位的梦想!

英国论文代写哪家好-毕业论文写作要素总结

  经过一个阶段在英国的学习,中国留学生们对各种类型论文的写作都非常熟悉了。在整个留学阶段结束的时候,中国留学生面临的最后一个难题,那就是毕业论文的写作。但是,如果英国毕业论文挂了怎么办?其实应该有很多留学生在很早之前就开始准备毕业论文的资料了,这样就给这部分留学生们节省了一些时间,用来后期的修改和调整,还有英国论文代写哪家好-毕业论文写作要素总结分享给留学生们,留学生们可以安心写作啦。

  1、论证处理很重要。

  学生在自己的毕业论文中,提出一个观点,需要以理由支持这个观点,而这个理由是基于证据、承认与对其他观点的回应,有时还要解释你推理的原理(principle).这里面并没有什么奥秘,因为每当你要仔细探索悬而未定的议题时,你都会应用这些要素。

 2、观点以理由为基础。

  你的观点是毕业论文的核心,也是论文研究问题的答案,支持观点有两种类型,第一种类型是至少有一项理由支持,用一、两句话解释为什么你的导师应该接受你的观点。我们通常会用因为来连接观点与理由。

 3、理由要有足够的证据。

  学生们在平常的交谈中,常用理由去支持观点。老师会要学生提出那些支持你理由的证据、参考资料、或事实。

  4、能够有足够的证据承认回应其他看法。

  一个负责任的学生会以证据基础的理由来支持观点。但是那些细心的导师不会光凭你提出的理由及证据就接受你的观点,除非他们想的跟你完全一样(但这是不可能的,因为你正提出一个自己的论证呢!)他们会想到一些你没有的证据,对你的证据有不同的解读,或是从相同的证据中引出不同的结论。所以你必须尽可能预估到导师提出的问题,然后承认与回应其中最重要的问题。

  5、把理由与观点之间的关联呈现出来。

  即使导师同意有充分的证据支持你所提出的理由,他们可能仍不认为这样就该接受你的观点。他们会问:虽然你的理由是真实的,但为什么与你的观点有关?为了回答这个问题,你必须提出一般性的原则,以显示为什么你相信这个特定的理由与这个特定的观点有关联。

  以上就是我们英国高阶论文AdvancedThesis教育网的代写老师总结出的英国毕业论文写作的几大要素。英国高阶论文代写Advanced Thesis平台机构为留学生们提供英国代写、essay代写、paper代写等论文代写服务,帮助留学生们解决论文的写作困扰,圆自己一个留学提升学位的梦想!

英国毕业论文挂了:中老年姑息性癌症患者的研究

英国毕业论文挂了:中老年姑息性癌症患者的研究

在对文献的分析中,考虑了总体的人口数据,独立的研究,以及表明音乐没有影响的研究。所有这些都将在下面的部分中进行分析。纳入标准是采用有目的抽样对人群中老年姑息性癌症患者进行分析的研究。被排除在外的研究人员是那些确实符合皮科问题的研究人员。本研究文献的优势在于,它使人们能够从整体上理解形势。在做决定的时候考虑了社会上的许多层面的关怀。这条线索的优势在于,它得出的结论是,寻求音乐治疗的人从中受益。这在接受治疗的人群中观察到。这一结论是本研究的一个重要推论。这项研究的局限性在于,接受多种形式的治疗和姑息治疗的患者被考虑在内。使用了大量的数据。
因此,不能更详细地考虑局势的细微差别。这就是本研究的局限性。在二手数据的情况下,可以发现原始研究者的个人偏见。Evans(2002)对音乐治疗对姑息治疗人群的影响进行了系统的综述。音乐治疗的目的是让患者获得更多的应对策略,并帮助患者提高生活质量。音乐疗法的一些预定目标是改善健康,减轻疼痛和表达情感。一些音乐疗法声称,它们有助于提高人们的记忆力和改善沟通(普拉特和伍德,2015)。本研究采用的方法是在随机试验设计中对成人医院患者进行的综合研究。他们没有减轻疼痛或改变病人的士气。一个积极因素是人民的容忍能力全面提高。

英国毕业论文挂了:中老年姑息性癌症患者的研究

In this analysis of literature, there is consideration of the overall demographic data, independent studies undertaken and also the research that suggests music does not have an impact. All these are analyzed in the following sections. Inclusion criteria was the research that had used purposive sampling to analyze the palliative Cancer patients who were the seniors in the population. The researchers that were excluded were the research that did meet the PICO question.The advantage of this research literature is that it enables the people to gain comprehension of the situation as a whole. Many layers of care in the society were considered while making the determination. The advantage of this trail was that it concluded that the people benefited by seeking music therapy. This was observed in people receiving medical treatment. This determination is an important deduction that has been made in this research. The limitation of this research is that patients receiving many forms of treatment along with palliative care were considered. There were huge volumes of data that were used.
Hence, the nuances of the situation could not be considered in greater detail. This is the limitation of this research. In the case of secondary data, the personal bias of the original researcher can be found.Evans (2002) conducted a systematic review to investigate the impact of music therapy for the people in palliative care. Music therapy has been prescribed to enable the patients to gain more coping strategies and also help the patients with their quality of life. Some of the predetermined goals of the music therapy is to improve the wellness, pain alleviation and expression of the sentiments.Some of the musical therapy states that they aid in the memory enhancement of the people and in improved communications (Pratt and Wood, 2015). The method undertaken for this study is the comprehensive search that was undertaken on the adult hospital patients in a randomized trial design. They did not reduce the pain or change the morale of the patients. One positive factor was an overall improvement in the tolerance of the people.

英国毕业论文写作格式详解

英国毕业论文写作格式详解

  英国毕业论文格式要注意哪些方面呢?一般就是字体、标点和段落。段落上就是对齐、行距等。这些小的细节方面,一般人们都不是很在意,所以很容易在这些地方丢掉分数。今天针对这些细节问题,我们小编给需要的留学生们总结了英国毕业论文写作格式的详解。

  先说一下字体,如果字体上一致,而不分巨细标题与内容,格局天然不会犯错。但关于小标题的字体是很简单构成过错的。因而需求留意了,一般字体要求的是选用Times New Roman,而大标题五号,小标题小四号。标题一般加粗歪斜,内容不管是哪一部分格局都相同。

  然后谈一下阶段的格局,这里会有点杂乱,一般从行距:标题顶格,标题与阶段的行距,阶段之间的行距。关于标题而言,每一部分的标题会是居中顶格,下空两行;而每一章节的标题则是左顶格,每一章标题加粗,每一节标题歪斜。由于这些杂乱的规则,所以简单犯错,还有首行缩进四个英文字符,章节的标号为1与1.1与1.1.1等,这些不必论述,应该都清楚。还有一个当地易犯错的是引证标示,主要是夹注的标示法:呈现在夹注中的作者有必要与文后的参考文献构成一一对应联系;在留学生论文中,汉语参考文献的作者要以拼音方式呈现;夹注呈现在标点符号之前。

  其次,关于标点符号来说,不像国内还得区分全半角。在英国结业论文中一般都是半角符号。英文标点符号一般问题不会很大。

  最终,文献reference的格局,这是初度接触论文的留学生比较烦心的,一般的论文格局有三种,Harvard格局,APA格局,MLA格局,看留学生地点大学选用的是哪一种。一般是哈佛体裁的格局。

  英国毕业论文格局格局上大体就这些了,还有更具体的英国毕业论文怎样写的问题。关于毕业论文的格局,需求自己多加留意,反复修改然后逐步了解套路,在过程中找出自己常犯的过错。如果有需要英国毕业论文代写的留学生,一定要来我们英国高阶论文AdvancedThesis教育网哦。

毕业论文格式:社交媒体评价技术

毕业论文格式:社交媒体评价技术

从马尔科姆·特恩布尔(Malcolm Turnbull)的推文可以看出,总体上存在一种积极的氛围或振动,倾向于成为中性的强调,向人们表达信息。特恩布尔还使用流行语,在讨论重要话题时试图开玩笑。在阅读有关公牛缩短推文时,有一个重要的问题是关于气候的。他还表示,政府沉迷于铺张浪费。对执政的政府有过多的批评,并讨论了个人与社会联系的努力。这是读者通过阅读这些政党领导人发布的推文所能获得的总体影响。下面对这些领导者的情绪分析进行了详细阐述。下面详细探讨评价理论的理论模型和社交媒体评价技术。评估理论阐述了一个事件对一个人的重要性,包括它对个人来说是威胁还是机遇。
它考虑的是一个人利用这种情况的能力。知觉与评价中介是评价理论的基本要素。感知被定义为环境和个体的个人观点。评价过程是根据一定的变量对感知环境进行评价的过程。中介是人的情感与人的评价价值之间发展关系的过程(Liu, 2012)。通过评价建立的过程模型,详细描述了评价在社会中实际发生的认知价值、机制和动态。有一种认知方法被用来理解人的情感。近年来,评价理论的概念发生了革命性的变化(Liu, and Zhang, 2012)。人们发现,像twitter这样的社交媒体的出现,已经在这一过程中造成了重大的变化。

毕业论文格式:社交媒体评价技术

From reading Malcolm Turnbull tweets, it can be understood that there is a overall positive aura or vibration that tends to become neutral emphasis to express information to the people. Turnbull also uses catch phrases and tries to joke around when discussing about important subjects. On reading about Bull Shorten tweets, there is important given to the issues regarding climate. He also expresses that the government is indulging in wasteful spending. There is excessive criticism of the ruling government and discussion of personal efforts to connect with the community. This is the overall impact audience can get from reading the tweets posted by the leaders of these political parties. Sentiment analysis for these leaders has been elucidated in detail in the following.The theoretical models of appraisal theory and the social media appraisal techniques are probed in detail in the following.Appraisal theory states about the significance of an event in relation to a person including whether it would be threat or opportunity for the individuals.
It considers the ability of the person to take advantage of the situation. Perception and appraisal mediation are the elements of the appraisal theory. Perception is defined as the environment and the personal viewpoints of the individuals. Appraisal process is the process that evaluates the perceived environment with respect to certain variables. Mediation is the process by which there is a relationship that is developed by persons’ emotions to the appraisal values of the person (Liu, 2012). A process model that has been developed by appraisal described in detail the value of the cognition, mechanisms and dynamic of how the appraisal actually happens in the society. There is a cognitive approach that has been used to understand about the emotions of the person. The notions of appraisal theory have been revolutionized in recent times (Liu, and Zhang, 2012). It has been found that the advent of social media such as twitter has caused a significant change in the processes.

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:社会调查

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:社会调查

基于调查的实证研究对441名受访者进行了调查。研究中使用的模型表明,社交媒体通过建立品牌社区,对客户和公司、客户和产品以及客户之间的关系都有积极的影响。公司和利益相关者之间的这种信任关系有助于建立对品牌的信任,从而产生品牌忠诚度。社交媒体的受欢迎程度在全球范围内都在增长。在各种社交媒体平台上,都有巨大的盈利机会。社交媒体平台被越来越多的企业整合到其核心业务活动中,这是当前的趋势。在本文中,有各种业务活动,例如针对客户交互和服务的内容营销活动。这些公司正在努力在企业的核心活动中利用社交媒体。
Twitter、Facebook、Instagram等各类社交媒体平台为相关企业提供了最大的优势。广告声称,用户生成和客户互动是公司使用社交媒体平台的方式。这篇文章将有助于评估未来社交媒体的使用情况,预计到2017年,全球社交媒体的使用量将达到360亿美元左右。本文将说明,由于早期公司无法以个性化的方式跟踪、分析和与公司的目标受众进行交互。这篇文章是关于各种各样的社交网络,以及各种各样的公司追求有效的内容营销和其他各种各样的人群来源倡议的方式。Airbnb没有开发社交媒体。他只是做广告工具。相反,它使社交媒体互动成为公司生态系统的一个不可或缺的方面。

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:社会调查

The empirical study that was survey based was conducted on 441 respondents. The models were used in the study with which it was shown that social media has positive effects on customers and company, customers and products and relationships of the customers through the establishment of the brand communities. These trusted relationships between the company and the stakeholders help in the creation of trust on the brands that result in brand loyalty. The popularity of social media has grown at a global level. On various social media platforms, immense monetization opportunities are available. It is seen as a trend of the current scenario that social media platforms are integrated by more and more firms in their core business activities. In this article there are various activities of businesses such as content marketing initiatives for customer interaction and services. The firms are making efforts to utilize social media in core activities of the businesses.
The various social media platforms such as Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, etc. have provided maximum advantages to the companies that are associated with it. Advertisements contend that user generated and customer interaction is the ways through which social media platform is used by the companies. This article will help in the assessment of social media usage in future that is expected to be about $36 billion at global level by 2017. This article will show that since earlier times the companies were not able to track, analyze and interact with the company’s targeted audiences in a personalized manner. The article is about the various social networks and the ways through which the various companies pursue effective content marketing and various other crowd source initiatives. Airbnb is not working on social media. He just works as an advertising tool. Instead, it has made the social media interaction an integral aspect of the ecosystem of the firm.

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:诽谤案件分析

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:诽谤案件分析

在文化中,一些人将开始排斥他们形成主流社会,这将对人民的生活造成更大的损害。原告即政府需要证明这些话确实是诽谤。应说明该声明的影响及其如何影响另一个人,并应分析如果该声明是出于公共利益的事实。在这种情况下,记者可以表明他相信这些事实,并为社区的更大利益而做的。被告需要停止证明这些行为是故意的,这样做只是为了损害他人的声誉。在黄立基诉亚洲电视(ATV)一案中,黄立基以诽谤罪起诉了ATV及其前导演盛宗尧(James Shing)。王家卫说,盛曾两次声称,他从他那里获取机密信息,是为了宣传自己对电视推广和发展的投标。法官裁定,盛没有真正的事实根据作出上述指控。但这被解释为只是为了让王家卫看起来很糟糕。这只是为了抹黑黄西在公众心目中的形象。
提出这些指控没有真正的事实根据。由于这个原因,这个案件被判对王有利。由于没有证据,这一案件被解释为只是为了诋毁王的好名声。在一些压迫的情况下,媒体是表达在这种情况下受害人民观点的有力工具。在这方面,有一些人也从新闻自由中受益。但有必要根据具体情况作出决定。根据《香港诽谤条例》,必须在两个基本问题之间取得平衡,一是保护市民的声誉,二是确保言论自由在这个过程中得到保障。在香港,对于抗辩事由,应当表明有公正的评论、有条件的特权和正当的理由。在这种情况下,无意诽谤不作为一种辩护策略。原告想要向世界展示被告的行为是为了败坏名誉,就应该向法庭讨论这些事实。在对诽谤案的分析中,法院依据事实的真实性作出判决。

英国毕业论文挂了怎么办:诽谤案件分析

Within the cultures a number of people will start to exclude they form the mainstream society and this will cause greater damage to the lives of the people. The plaintiff i.e. the government needs to show that these words were truly defamatory. There should express the impact of the statement and how it affects the other person and analysis should be made as to the fact that if it was made in public interest. In this case the journalist can show that he believed these facts and did it for the greater good of the community. The defendant need stop show that these actions were deliberate and there was made to only tarnish the reputation of the other person. In the case of Ricky Wong vs. Asia Television (ATV), Ricky Wong sued ATV and its former director James Shing for Libel. Wong said that Shing has twice alleged that he took confidential information from him to promote his own bid for television promotion and development. Judge ruled that Shing had no real factual basis to make that allegation. Except that was construed to be only to make Wong look bad. This was only to tarnish the image of Wong in the public.
There was no real factual basis for making the allegations. Owing to this the case was ruled in the favor of Wong. Since there was no proof it was construed to be a case that was intended only to malign the good name of Wong. In some cases of oppression, media is a powerful tool to express the views of the people being victimized in the situation. In this there are a number of people who are also benefited from the freedom of the press. But there is a need to make determination on a case by case basis. According to the defamation statute of Hong Kong there should be a balance of two fundamental issues it is to protect the reputation of the people and to ensure that freedom of speech is also protected in the process. In Hong Kong regarding the defense, there should show that there is fair comment, qualified privilege and justification of the claims. In this the case of unintentional defamation is not used as a defense strategy. Plaintiff who wants to showcase to the world that the defendant acted to malign the reputation should discuss these facts to the courts. In the case of analysis of the libel cases, the courts make judgments based on the veracity of the truth.

英国毕业论文导师:什么构成学术和非学术来源

英国毕业论文导师:什么构成学术和非学术来源

什么构成学术和非学术来源?学术写作不仅与期刊有关。有大量的学术资源可以利用,这有助于思想的发展和产生。学术资源可以包括期刊文章、专著、编辑读物、各类会议论文、工作论文和论文。除此之外,学术论文也可构成同行评议的论文。非学术来源包括可能由包括记者在内的作家撰写的文章或书籍,而记者可能不是该领域的专家。重要的是在作业中使用学术资源,以确保文章由有效和真实的信息组成,这些信息是经过适当的研究和调查形成的。利弊的学术来源:学术来源被认为是重要的,因为他们都写在适当的研究文章。不同类型的学术资料包括学者的文章、专著和书籍。使用学术文章的优点是它包括适当的脚注、尾注和参考书目。此外,学术论文的作者不是匿名的,而是由专家撰写的。期刊的缺点是在一个特定的领域很少有专家,所以审稿人很难进行分析。


英国毕业论文导师:什么构成学术和非学术来源
此外,有很多时候,抄袭的材料被发表。使用学术书籍的好处是,一个人可以获得关于这个主题的详细信息与完整的深入的知识。而且,在学术书籍的帮助下,人们可以更好地理解这个主题。使用学术性书籍的缺点是,有时信息非常混乱,不容易理解。另一方面,政府文件是有益的,因为它们有助于收集与研究有关的适当数据。政府文档的缺点是,它们通常不是由专家创建的,而是由政府专业人员创建的。提供深度知识的文章与文献综述的文章的基本区别在于,具有深度知识的文章是在对该主题进行了完整的研究之后再写的。在这种情况下,无论是从过去的资料来源,还是从学者目前所做的研究,都对这一课题进行了恰当的分析和理解。另一方面,文学评论文章只包括从不同种类的文学资源和其他文章中收集的信息。

英国毕业论文导师:什么构成学术和非学术来源

What constitutes an academic and a non-academic source?Academic writing is something which is not only related to journals. There are a large number of academic sources which can be used, something which contributes to the development and generation of the ideas. Academic sources may include journal articles, monographs, and books of edited readings, different kinds of conference papers, working papers and thesis. In addition to this, may academic article also constitute of peer reviewed articles. Nonacademic sources include the articles or books which may be written by a writer including a journalist, who may not be expert in that field. It is important to use the academic sources in the assignment in order to ensure that the article consists of valid and genuine information which is formed after a proper research and investigation. Pros and cons of Academic sources:Academic sources are considered important as they are written after proper research on the article. Different type of academic source material includes article, monographs and book by scholars. The pros of using an academic article are that it includes proper footnotes, end notes and bibliography. In addition to this, the authors in an academic article are not anonymous and are written by an expert. The cons of a journal are that there are very few experts in a specific field so it gets difficult for the reviewers to analyze.


英国毕业论文导师:什么构成学术和非学术来源
Also, there are many times that the plagiarized material is published. The pros of using a scholarly book is that one can get detailed information on the subject with complete in-depth knowledge. Also, with the help of a scholarly book, one can get a better understanding of the subject. The cons of using a scholarly book are that the information sometimes is quite confusing and is not easy to understand. Government documents, on the other are beneficial as they help to gather the proper data related to the research. The cons of the government document are that they are generally not created by experts and are made by government professionals. The basic difference between an article which provides in depth knowledge and the one which is a literature review is that the article having an in-depth knowledge will be written after complete research on the subject. In such a case, there is a proper analysis and understanding on the topic of both from the past sources and from the present research done by the scholar. Literature review articles, on the other hand, only include the information which is gathered from different kinds of literary sources and other articles.

英国毕业论文没过:大科学和曼哈顿项目

英国毕业论文没过:大科学和曼哈顿项目

术语“大科学”,第一次出现在一篇文章名为“大规模科学对美国的影响,“这是发表在《科学》杂志1961年,温伯格所写,他是一个在国家实验室的物理学家。本文描述了“大科学”作为当前政治经济的一部分,美国开始许多研究在一个大型新项目在这些领域的发展。温伯格情绪,这些都是由个别科学家,或研究生,他们选择自己的工作问题而科学家致力于“大科学”的项目工作所需的问题或地区政府或大机构,资金预期的结果。“小科学”的世界没有变成无关紧要但新世界的“大科学”成为国家安全的重要组成部分和优先级。早期研究结果大发展的加速器和检测设备(Weinberg)。

大科学与政府企业

大科学显示相同特征的大型产业或企业的政府,因为他们也基于大规模,需要大量的资金,这使得它昂贵,决定是由政府,而不是个人在公司中选择项目和研究有多个目的,如卫星、粒子加速器和望远镜。这些研究和发展是复杂的,规模大,让他们站在工业和军事的竞争(丹尼斯)。

英国毕业论文没过:大科学和曼哈顿项目
The term ‘Big Science,’ appeared for the very first time in an article named ‘Impact of large scaled science on the United States,’ it was published in a Science magazine in 1961, written by Weinberg, who was a physicist in National Laboratories. This article described the ‘big science’ as a part of the current political economy, as United States had started many researches at a large scale for new projects for the developments in these areas. Weinberg, who sentiments that these are done by individual scientists alone, or with graduate students, they choose their own problems to work whereas scientists working on the projects of ‘Big Science,’ work on the problems or areas required by the governments or big agencies, who are funding for the desired results. The world of ‘Small Science’ did not turn out to be irrelevant but the new world of ‘Big Science’ became the important part of the national security and priority. Early researches results in the development of large accelerators and detecting devices (Weinberg).
Big Science & Government Enterprises
Big science shows same characteristic as of large industries or enterprise of governments, as they are also based on a large scale, require huge amount of funds, which makes it expensive as well, decisions are taken by government, rather than the individuals selected in the company, projects and researches have more than one purpose; like satellites, particle accelerators and telescopes. These researches and developments which are complex and big in size, makes them stand in the competition with the industries and military (Dennis).