In Europe and UK, GM crops are unseen today. For GM food there is a strict laws together with regulations and labeling as there is a negative opinion amongst the public towards this technology. As GM crops isn’t natural and aren’t cost efficient that’s why most of the people are of the opinion that economic benefits and impacts are small in current times. There is a possibility that GM crops could become invasive or supersedes species. Moreover, it is said that it might impact the environment and ecosystem. In case of breeding pharmaceutical drugs there is a risk of cross breeding.
Within this areas of expertise some specialists are of the opinion that evolution of insecticide resistance pests could be increased through insect repelling plants. In research and development of this crop many African nations have been restricted to do so because of many reasons. Some of the reasons are war, political instability, lack of investment and infrastructure, low skills in populations (Raney and Pingali 2007). It is by debilitating diseases like malaria and AIDS due to which production is even further handicapped.
The population across the global is increasing and this puts huge pressure on quality and supply of the food across the globe. Around the world this results in poverty and food shortage especially in underdeveloped nations. A new technology is offered by GM crops and it offers a new solution which helps in tackling the issues of hunger. GM crops render an opportunity to increase yields and grow crops and it could also be utilized to grow crops in environments which are less desirable. Global food supply will be increased due to increased yield and it also renders farmers an opportunity to make an income and because food is open for trade it boosts the economy.
But, because of the fear of creating pests which are resistant to pesticides or crops being harmful to the human beings the consumption and development of GM crops has faced criticism. Moreover, there are people who are of the opinion that GM crops take up large areas and for smaller farmers it can result in competition and it could also take away land from them. But, in recent years criticism has decreased and there is a possibility that it could reduce the issue of hunger across the globe.