论文 代写:什么是永生

论文 代写:什么是永生

永生是一个遥不可及的概念;这是一个尚未被发现的现实。但人们可以在思想中漫游,试图理解永生的存在。一个普通人能长生不老吗?或者,对于一个只能完成这一特性的最伟大的人来说,这是必须的吗?一个需要考虑的更重要的问题是,长生不老是否意味着过一种有价值的生活,还是说现实恰好相反。所有的生命都有终结;每件事都经历了成熟期和衰退期。事情总会有结束的理由。如果他们永远继续下去,他们将永远无法完成他们存在的理由。为了完成你的人生,它必须结束,我们都希望完成我们开始的事情。那么,生命的意义是否意味着它最终会走到尽头呢?我想是的,死亡可能不是终极目标,但它是生命的终极步骤,必须要达到。没有死亡的生命,不朽的生命,似乎是值得活下去的生命,但不朽是否也指完美的生命?
当一个人变老时,他/她开始成熟,获得力量和力量,但后来,成熟导致能力下降。一个不朽的人会永远强壮,永远年轻,永远拥有他或她在巅峰时期所拥有的能力吗?还是永远不会有巅峰时期?那么,我们能想象一种什么样的生活是永恒的呢?哲学家伯纳德·威廉姆斯说过,激励我们生活的欲望有两种,即使我们的生活变得有价值。这两种是:绝对欲望,即一个人如何度过他或她的生活的欲望。另一个是我们需要在短期内满足的偶然欲望(2012年9月的《不朽是否可取》)。因此,为了让一个可识别的人类生活有意义,正如威廉姆斯所说,一个人必须有一系列明确的欲望,希望通过生活来实现。所以如果一个人永生不死,他就不会有绝对欲望因为那些只是偶然的欲望和短暂的各种绝对欲望。因此,对于一个可辨认的人类形体来说,永生毫无意义。

论文 代写:什么是永生 、

Immortality is a concept beyond reach; it is a reality yet unseen. But one could wander in thoughts and try to fathom the existence of immortality. Can a common man be immortal or does that have to the greatest conceivable being who could only accomplish that trait? A more important question to consider would be that whether being immortal would mean living a life worth any other or would the reality be actually reverse. All lives come to an end; everything reaches its maturity and then its decline. There must be reason for things to end. If they had gone on forever, they would never be able to complete their reason of existence. To complete your life, it must end and we all wish to complete what we start. So does the meaning of life imply that it eventually has to come to an end? I think yes, death might not be the ultimate goal but it is the ultimate step of life and it has to be reached. The life without a death, the immortal life, seems to be a life worth living but does immortality also refer to the perfect life?
When a person ages, s/he at first matures and gains power and strength, but afterwards, maturity results in a decline of capabilities. Would an immortal human always be strong, always be youthful, always have the capabilities it possessed at his or her pinnacle age, or will there never be a pinnacle age? So, what kind of life can one imagine living for eternity?Philosopher Bernard Williams said that there are two different kinds of desire that motivate us in living our lives i.e. that render the life valuable for us. The two kinds are: categorical desires which are how one desires to spend his or her life. Another one is contingent desires that we need to satisfy in the short-run (Would immortality be desirable, September 2012). So in order for a recognisably human life to be meaningful, as per Williams, one has to have a set of categorical desires that one wished to attain through life. So if one lived forever and never died, one would never have categorical desires as those would merely be contingent desires with short-lived various categorical desires. Hence to live an eternal life would be meaningless for a recognisably human form.

毕业论文格式:中国奢侈品的研究与发展

毕业论文格式:中国奢侈品的研究与发展

你的研究目标是什么?为什么选择它?拟研究的课题是中国奢侈品市场的研究与发展。选择这个话题的唯一原因是,中国奢侈品行业正随着各种各样的机遇而增长。市场容量相当大。中国的消费者增加了他们的支出,他们的意识反过来导致奢侈品需求的增加(Chevalier et al., 2008)。毫无疑问,中国已经成为一个巨大的奢侈品消费大国。作为一名研究人员,我很好奇为什么会出现这种增长,以及是什么推动了这个行业的增长。更吸引人的是,这个市场最近才刚刚起步。许多方面仍然需要达到完美。例如,顾客的态度还处于初级阶段,奢侈品的知识还没有达到足够的成熟(Churchill, 1999)。奢侈品行业另一个明显的现象是国内奢侈品行业内的组织不存在。这些产品不存在真正的国内品牌,国内品牌只能看到国际品牌如何在没有竞争力的情况下抢占市场。本研究将探索这一现象以及影响奢侈品行业进一步发展阶段的多重因素(上海奢侈品牌市场繁荣,2004)。


毕业论文格式:中国奢侈品的研究与发展
该研究还将突出对这些国内公司的建议,以便使自己在中国奢侈品市场上处于竞争地位。中国奢侈品行业发展迅速,商机无限。然而,为了了解客户的投机需求是否得到满足或尚未得到考虑,需要关注客户。市场或行业的驱动力是多种多样的,价格尤其起着驱动力的作用(Worth, 1994)。中国消费者更喜欢跟随品牌,关注他人拥有的品牌,以分析他们在社会中的地位(Chaudhuri et al., 2006)。人民对此十分重视。当他们通过减少食品开支来积累一些资本时,他们开始购买这些品牌,以便重新塑造他们在社会上的品牌形象。顾客都是年轻人,他们购买这些产品的欲望随着时间的推移而增加。然而,这个行业只受到国际品牌的青睐,而没有给国内中小企业带来机会。这使得中国国内奢侈品市场的卖家在国内遭受损失,但在海外获得了更多的机会。

毕业论文格式:中国奢侈品的研究与发展

What is your intended topic of research and why have you chosen it?The intended topic of research is The Research and Development of Chinese Luxury Market. The mere reason for selecting this topic is the fact that the industry of Chinese luxury goods is increasing with diverse opportunities. The capacity in the market is quite large. The customers in China have increased their expenditure, and their awareness in turn leads towards the increase in the demand of luxury goods (Chevalier et al., 2008). There does not exist any doubt that China has become an enormous luxury consumption power. This intrigued me as a researcher to understand why this growth has come into existence and what drives the growth in the industry. What becomes more enticing is that the market has recently started. Various points still require attaining perfection. For example, the attitude of the customers are still at the initial stages and the knowledge of luxury has not reached sufficient maturity (Churchill, 1999). Another phenomenon which is evident in the industry is that the domestic organizations within the industry of luxury goods are not present. There do not exist any real domestic brand for these products, and the domestic brands can only view how international brands are seizing the market without being able to compete. This research will explore this phenomenon and multiple factors that will influence the industry in its further stages of development (Market for luxury brands booms in Shanghai, 2004).


毕业论文格式:中国奢侈品的研究与发展
The research will also highlight recommendations to these domestic firms in order to make themselves fall in a position that is competitive within the luxury market of China. The industry of Chinese luxury goods has increased with immense opportunities in business. However, the focus on the customers is required in order to understand whether the speculative requirements of the customers are met or are yet to be taken into consideration. The drivers in the market or industry are several and the price especially acts as a driving force (Worth, 1994). Chinese customers prefer to follow brands and focus on brands that other people possess in order to analyse their status in the society (Chaudhuri et al., 2006). The people have taken this seriously. As they accumulate some capital by cutting down expenditure on food, they start purchasing these brands in order to reformulate their brand image in the society. The customers are young and their urge to purchase these products is increasing with time. The industry however is only favoured by international brands rather than opportunities given to the small and medium enterprises in the domestic market. This has made Chinese domestic sellers in the luxury goods market suffer within China but attain more opportunities abroad.

代写网站:影子银行

代写网站:影子银行

近年来,关于影子银行的相关问题已经有了大量的文献。影子银行这个术语是McCulley(2007)首次提出的,Tucker(2010)等政策制定者也曾使用过。关于影子银行的第一篇文章是由Pozsar(2008)和Adrian & Shin(2008)提出的。此外,Pozsar, Adrian, Ashcraft and Boesky(2012)对影子银行问题进行了研究。此外,Adrian和Ashcraft(2012)对影子银行这一主题进行了大量的研究。此外,学术研究由Gorton和Metrick(2011, 2012)进行。除此之外,金融经济学家、法律学者也进行了大量的学术研究,如Schwarcz(2012)和Ricks(2010)的研究。


代写网站:影子银行
国际影子银行工作组的成立是由金融稳定委员会(Financial Stability Board, 2011, 2012)完成的。金融稳定委员会的主要目标是加强对影子银行的监管,对整个银行系统进行监督。这项工作由金融稳定委员会领导,因为他们在全球范围内都有类似的机构。不同类型的影子银行集团可以分为货币市场和共同基金以及与证券化相关的其他不同实体的活动。行业组织也对影子银行进行了研究。国际金融协会(Institute of International Finance)也提出了影子银行政策。此外,证券业和金融市场协会(SIFMA)在影子银行相关问题上有许多工作流程。

代写网站:影子银行

In the recent times, a large amount of literature has been written on the issue related to the shadow banking. The Shadow banking is a term which was coined for the very first time by McCulley (2007) and was used by the policymakers such as Tucker (2010). The very first articles on the subject of shadow banking were given forward by Pozsar (2008) and Adrian & Shin (2008). Further, the research on the issue of Shadow Banking was done by Pozsar, Adrian, Ashcraft and Boesky (2012). Further, the number of research on the subject of Shadow Banking has been done by Adrian and Ashcraft (2012). Further, the academic studies were conducted by Gorton and Metrick (2011, 2012). In addition to this, a number of academic researches were conducted by the financial economists, legal scholars such as the research conducted by Schwarcz (2012) and Ricks (2010).


代写网站:影子银行
The initiation of the international working groups on shadow banking was done by Financial Stability Board (2011, 2012). The primary objective of FSB is to enhance the regulation related to the shadow banking and to have an oversight of the entire banking system. This work has been led by FSB because they have a global reach of the same. Different types of shadow banking groups can be classified into money market and mutual funds and different other entities related to the securitization of the activities. Study on the shadow banking is also conducted by the industry groups. The policy for the shadow banking has also been put forward by the Institute of International Finance. Further, the security industry and the Financial Market Association (SIFMA) has many work streams on the issues related to shadow banking.

个人陈述:个人销售

个人陈述:个人销售

良好的沟通技巧是个人销售的核心。个人卖家必须能够使用各种问题从买家那里获取信息。例如,在“捆绑问题”中,问题的目的是确认消费者是否需要某样东西;一个例子是:你确实想要这个产品,不是吗?然后是引导问题,这是一种询问参与者何时会被营销人员领导的技巧。市场人员将问题以一种让买家共享信息的方式反馈给买家。为了迫使消费者在犹豫不决时做出选择,他们会使用替代问题(Ingram et al . 2007)。营销人员不应该强迫他人,道德权利必须得到尊重。共享的信息必须是真实的,营销人员也应该确保产品的信息是最新的。确认、澄清、包容和过渡风格是更多的提问风格(Weitz, & Bradford, 1999)。在个人销售中,营销人员必须有非常好的产品数据;他们应该正确地了解他们的材料,因为这将有助于示范销售。他们应该为产品建立适当的展示氛围,也应该让以前满意的客户写的推荐信为新的客户群体做好准备。


个人陈述:个人销售
这需要良好的组织能力。个人销售的另一种方法可以是刺激反应的形式,销售者可以对客户使用相同的演示。问题解决方法是通过考虑客户的最佳适合方案来扩展基于需求的客户满意度(Ingram et al, 2007)。良好的倾听技巧是市场营销者所需要的,这将有助于当买方提出任何担忧或反对。提出反对意见通常是因为购买者有某种困惑,所以听取购买者的意见是至关重要的。说到倾听,最重要的一点是,市场人员或销售人员不应打断买方的陈述。在这个程度上,他们不应该对他们将要听到的内容做出任何形式的假设。一旦他们让买方完成了他们的谈判,卖方才应该开始谈判。他们应该采取一种策略,从同意然后反驳,或质疑反对意见,或预先阻止根据情况提出的反对意见(Ingram et al, 2007)。

个人陈述:个人销售

Good communication skills are core to personal selling. The personal seller must be able to use a variety of questions to draw information from the buyer. For instance, in the case of the ‘Tie down question’, the objective of the question is to confirm if the consumer will need something; an example would be: You do want the product, don’t you? Then, there comes the leading questions which is a technique of questioning when the participant will be led by the marketer. The marketer feeds the questions to the buyer in a way that makes them share information. Alternative questions would be used in order to force consumers into making a selection when they are just about hesitating (Ingram et al 2007). A marketer should never coerce the person and ethical rights have to be respected. Information shared must be genuine and the marketer should also ensure the information on product is current. Confirmation, clarification, inclusion and transitional styles are some more styles of questioning (Weitz, & Bradford, 1999).In personal selling, the marketer must themselves have very good data on the product; they should know their material properly as this will be helpful for demonstration based selling. They should have the proper demonstrative atmosphere set up with respect to the product and should also have the reference letters written by previously satisfied customers ready for the newer customer segments.


个人陈述:个人销售
This will require good organizational skills. An alternative approach for personal selling can be in the form of stimulus response where a seller might use the same presentation for the customers. The problem solving approach is one where the need based satisfaction for the customer is extended by considering best fit alternative for the customer (Ingram et al, 2007). Good listening skills are needed for the marketer, which will be helpful when any concerns or objections are raised by the buyer. Objections are raised usually because the person making the purchase has some sort of confusion, so listening to the buyer is critical. The primary element, when it comes to listening, is that the marketer or salesperson should not interrupt what the buyer is stating. Towards this extent, they should not make any form of assumptions on what they are about to listen. Once they let the buyer finish their side of the conversation, only then should the seller start talking. They should follow up with a strategy ranging anywhere from agreeing and then countering, or questioning the objection or forestalling the objection raised based on the situation (Ingram et al, 2007).

代写论文:Essay写作指导

代写论文:Essay写作指导

  英国老师会经常布置Essay作业,这对学生来说是一件令人头疼的事情。而许多学生在写作Essay又不知道该如何很好的完善Essay作业,而且老师对Essay的写作又是有着严格的要求的。因此,给大家整理了一些Essay写作的指导。

  选题和搜集资料,属于英国大学essay的准备阶段,写作初稿和修改初稿,则属于完成阶段。后一阶段的任务,是形成观点、深化观点,并且把观点明确地、科学地表达出来。

  编写初稿要以论为纲,充分运用逻辑思维。作为论文,当然应该以论为纲,以说理为主,充分发挥其“论”的特点,运用严密的逻辑思维,准确地表达作者的学术观点和主张。在论文初稿的写作中,强调以论为纲,做到虚实的有机结合。

  
代写论文 :Essay写作指导

  编写初稿要层次分明,突出中心论点。在论文初稿的写作中,为了使文章层次分明,应按提纲中拟定的层次和段落,将大小标题、顺序号一一列出。

  论文初稿虽然可以把想写明的东西全都写出来,所用的材料也可多用一些,以便在修改初稿时删去一些内容。但一般情况下,文章以简短为好。写论文除了要行文简洁外,还应做到文字通畅、文采华美。在论说文中,讲究文采,注意语言修辞,会使文章增辉。

  初稿写成后,还需要经过多次修改,这是论文写作中的一个重要环节。一般说来,修改时应该先着重内容和结构的修改,把内容、顺序、层次安排妥当;其次再侧重修辞和其它细节,初稿在这方面往往是比较粗糙,在修改中则要一丝不苟、反复推敲、刻意求精。

  
代写论文 :Essay写作指导

  Essay初稿的修改主要是对论文的结构和论文的内容进行修改,使论文的内容能够更加的完善,对论文的结构上进行合理的安排。

  综上所述是Essay初稿写作指导,希望能够对广大留学生提供帮助。

  如果需要英国 代写论文 ,就点击上方栏目列表,各种服务等着你!

论文代写:希腊文化

论文代写:希腊文化

希腊语是一种非常丰富的文化,在希腊已经发展了几千年。这种文化拥有丰富的价值观和习俗(Koutsantoni, 2005)。另一种文化是代表盎格鲁撒克逊白人新教徒的黄蜂文化。黄蜂文化指的是英国新教徒血统的美国白人。自第二次世界大战以来,黄蜂是精英阶层,具有影响力(Brookhiser, 1991)。电影《我盛大的希腊婚礼》(My Big Fat Greek Wedding)的导演乔尔•兹威克(Joel Zwick)试图讲述这两种文化背景的人之间的关系。他在这部电影中描绘了人物,他们的习俗,事件和价值观。故事的主角是一个30岁的希腊女孩,图拉波托卡洛斯,她还没有结婚。虽然她的家人热切希望看到她和一个希腊男人幸福地结婚,但他们已经失去了希望。图拉在当地的大学里遇到了一个叫伊恩的人,他是一个黄蜂,她爱上了他。起初,图拉的家人不接受伊恩,并试图同意她嫁给一个希腊人。


论文代写:希腊文化
伊恩尽了最大的努力让图拉的家人接受他的水平,最终,在各种各样的事情发生后,他们接受了他们的关系,让他们结婚。这两种文化中有许多不同寻常的因素。这两个实体之间的第一个巨大冲突是它们对家庭生活的表现。希腊人,在这部电影中所展示的是明显的家庭导向(Koutsantoni, 2005)。他们对家庭关系有着重要的价值,甚至比他们的父母和兄弟姐妹更重要。他们和他们的叔叔、婶婶和孩子们关系密切。每周的家庭聚会在他们的家庭举行。他们在情感和经济上互相支持(Perren, 2004)。每个人都关心彼此的生活问题,并准备好慷慨的帮助。另一方面,伊恩在一个只有父母陪伴的小家庭中长大。伊恩的家人压抑了彼此的情感依恋,没有深厚的情感联系。图拉充满活力和情感的家庭生活深深地吸引着伊恩。

论文代写:希腊文化

Greek is a very rich culture which has evolved thousand years back in Greece. This culture holds affluent values and customs (Koutsantoni, 2005). The other culture is WASP, which stands for White Anglo-Saxon Protestants. WASP culture refers to White Americans who belong to English Protestant ancestry. WASPs are elite class and influential since World War II (Brookhiser, 1991). Joel Zwick, the director of the film ‘My Big Fat Greek Wedding’, has attempted to represent a story of relationship between people of these two cultures. He has depicted the characters, their customs, events and values in this film. The story focuses on a 30 year old Greek girl, ToulaPortokalos, who is yet to get married. Though her family keenly wanted to see her happily married with a Greek guy, but they had already lost their hopes. Tuola found a guy named Ian, who is a WASP, at her local college, where she falls in love with him. Intially, Toula’s family did not accept Ian and tried hard to agree with her to marry a Greek guy.


论文代写:希腊文化
Ian tried his level best to be accepted by Toula’s family and eventually, after various happenings, they accept their relationship and let them marry.There are many elements which were uncommon between the two cultures. The first element which was a great clash between the two entities was their representation of family life. Greek people, as shown in this film are notably family-oriented (Koutsantoni, 2005). They have a significant value for their family relations, even other than their parents and siblings. They have strong connections with their aunts, uncles and their kids. Weekly family gatherings held in their family. They support each other emotionally and financially (Perren, 2004). Everyone shows concern in each other’s life issue and ready for their generous help. On the other hand, Ian was brought up in a little family, where he only had his parents with him. Ian’s family had repressed emotional attachment with each other and did not have deep emotional connections. Ian was so much appealed by the lively and emotional family life of Toula.

英国教育学论文代写:IDEO案例研究概述

英国教育学论文代写:IDEO案例研究概述

IDEO专注于留住和激励员工,提供有吸引力但现实的职业发展机会,让员工在更长的时间内发展技能。众所周知,人力资源管理是支持实施必要的合作伙伴和工具,为直线经理准备持续发展公司和公司人员所需的资源。在IDEO,作为每个经理职责的正式组成部分,确保持续和适当的培训。在大多数情况下,经理亲自参与教学过程。因此,组织培训的部分结构主要集中于培养管理者的指导技能。在IDEO公司,培训项目的种类非常广泛。首先,考虑到成为部门领导或主管的潜力,不断为前学徒提供培训,同时不断跨越维护、电气和机械工程以及IT管理的不同层次。当IDEO不得不处理环保人士引发的争议时,他们在YouTube和Facebook上的页面上充斥着负面评论,很快就失去了控制。


英国教育学论文代写:IDEO案例研究概述
然而,删除负面评论,IDEO最终疏远了客户群体,进一步造成了品牌资产的重大损失。一些组织对社会化没有适当的认识;通常是由于员工之间缺乏社交的鼓励,或者由于高管们没有为社交活动分配专门的资源。社会化和社会化的强大存在将需要与客户接触的工具,收集客户的见解和监视讨论。在前一个例子中,由于非洲经社组织在监测方面似乎特别薄弱,它没有能力在最初阶段查明危机并对其作出反应,而在这一阶段本来可以通过直接与受害的人联系来尽量减少损害。商业组织必须承认,由于没有与社区进行接触,公司最终将面临更长期的复杂性。近年来的研究表明,由于大多数浮雕玻璃器皿,波特兰花瓶是采用浸渍覆盖法制造的,即在与白玻璃相关的坩埚中,玻璃的细长气泡部分浸渍后,再将两者吹在一起。

英国教育学论文代写:IDEO案例研究概述

IDEO focuses on the retention and motivation of employees by the offer of attractive yet realistic moves of career allowing the development of skills in the longer run. Management of human resource is known to be supporting the implementation of necessary partners and tools with the line managers for preparing the resources required for continuously developing the company and the people of the company. At IDEO, ensuring continuous and appropriate training as an official element for the responsibilities of every manager and in majority of the cases, the manager has personal involvement in the process of teaching. And hence, the partial structure of training at the organization has key focus on developing the coaching skills of managers. The categories of training programs are extremely extensive at the company of IDEO. The begin by continuously providing training for ex-apprentices considering the potential of becoming section leaders or supervisors, while continuously move across different levels of maintenance, electrical and mechanical engineering along with the management of IT. When IDEO had to deal with the controversies raised of environmental activists, their pages of YouTube and Facebook had been full of negative reviews that went out of control rapidly.


英国教育学论文代写:IDEO案例研究概述
However, deleting the negative comments, IDEO ended up alienating the community of customer that further created significant loss of equity of brand. A number of organizations do not have an appropriate understanding about socialization; often due to lack of encouragement among employees for socializing or as executives do not end up allocating specialized and dedicated resources towards initiatives of socialization. A strong presence of socialization and social will require tools for reaching out to the customers, collecting insights of customer and monitoring discussion. In the previous example, as IDEO seemed to be specifically weak with respect to monitoring, it did not have the ability of identifying and reacting to the crisis at the initial stages when there could have been minimizing of damage by directly communicating with the aggrieved. It must be acknowledged by business organizations that by not having an engagement with the community, the company ends up facing additional complications in the longer run. It has been suggested in recent researches that as most of the cameo- glass vessels, Portland vase was manufactured using the dip- overlay method, in which there was partial dipping of elongated bubble of glass within a crucible related to white glass, before blowing the two together.

英国摄影学论文代写:病理学

英国摄影学论文代写:病理学

病理生理学被定义为两个重要学科的融合,即病理学和生理学。病理学是一门医学学科,在这门学科中,人们可以了解一个人在遭受疾病折磨时的状况,而生理学描述的是过程如何在人的正常状态下运作。比查姆女士今年74岁,是个老烟民。从2012年开始,也就是从现在起的5年里,她每天最多抽5支烟。在2012年之前的25年里,她每天最多抽20支烟。吸烟是一种主要的健康危害,会导致动脉粥样硬化的进展阶段。在这种最终状态下发生的一些临床事件是血栓形成。Beecham患有深静脉血栓性DVT,近25年来长期吸烟20支及以上,增加了DVT发病风险。多普勒超声证实了DVT的诊断。她有心血管和呼吸系统疾病的病史。


英国摄影学论文代写:病理学
DVT是一个人的静脉血栓形成的问题,称为静脉血栓形成(NHS, 2016)。在最初的情况下,它可能导致腿部疼痛和肿胀,在更糟糕的情况下,它还可能导致更危险的情况称为肺栓塞(NHS, 2016)。一些现有的DVT治疗方法,如比查姆女士的情况,会导致患者服用抗凝药物,这将有助于阻止血液凝结。建议其他生活方式的改变,一些患者可能会被要求穿压缩袜,以帮助减轻症状。虽然这些方法对DVT、心血管和呼吸系统疾病患者有帮助,但它们只是建议用于治疗而不是预防的解决方案(Pope et al, 2011)。为了预防,有必要帮助病人戒烟。比查姆女士需要帮助戒烟,还需要锻炼,以改善血液循环(Pope et al, 2011)。

英国摄影学论文代写:病理学

Pathophysiology is defined as the convergence of two significant disciplines, namely the pathology and physiology. Pathology is a medical discipline where the conditions seen in a person who is suffering a disease can be understood and physiology describes how processes would operate in a normal state within the human. Mrs Beecham is 74 years old and is a chronic smoker. Since 2012 which is 5 years from now, she has been smoking up to 5 cigarettes per day. In the 25 years before 2012 she has been smoking up to 20 cigarettes per day. Cigarette smoking is a major health hazard and will result in progressive phases of atherosclerosis. Some of the clinical events that happen in this end state are thrombotic. Beecham has Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT and her risks for DVT were increased because of her chronic smoking of 20 cigarettes or more for nearly 25 years. The Doppler ultrasound confirmed the diagnosis on DVT. She has history of cardiovascular and respiratory disease.


英国摄影学论文代写:病理学
DVT is a problem where blood clots develop in the vein of a person and is called as venous thrombosis (NHS, 2016). It could lead to pain and swelling of the leg in initial situations, and in worse cases, it could also lead to the more dangerous situation called pulmonary embolism (NHS, 2016). Some of the existing treatment for DVT as in the case of Mrs Beecham would lead to prescription of anticoagulant medication for the person which would help stop the blood clotting. Other lifestyle modifications would be suggested and some patients might be asked to wear compression stockings in order to help reduce the symptoms. While these are helpful for patients with DVT and cardiovascular and respiratory disease, these are just solutions suggested for treating but not for preventing (Pope et al, 2011). In order to prevent, it is necessary to help the patient stop smoking. Mrs Beecham needs help in stopping smoking and will also need to exercise in order to improve circulation (Pope et al, 2011).

论文格式:空气污染的危害

论文格式:空气污染的危害

空气污染每年造成330万人死亡。已经发现这对肺和全身器官造成了严重的影响。它对非洲国家和发展中国家产生了深远的影响。仅健康因素就给这些国家造成了巨大的经济损失。在一个典型的高发展速度的国家,已经发现空气污染物如碳氢化合物、氮氧化物、铅等污染物对人们的生活造成了负面影响。由于这个原因,美国政府启动了淘汰铅的计划。这是为了减少TEL成分,创造无铅汽油(EPAGov, 2016)。这种认识已导致制造商稳步减少汽油生产中的铅含量。下图显示了1980年至2014年美国铅空气质量的影响。目前领先水平所允许的环境保护局是0.15μg / m3,平均轧制时间是3个月平均(EPA。政府2016)。作为在美国实施的政策的阶梯式效应,许多国家遵循同样的政策。


论文格式:空气污染的危害
20世纪70年代,欧盟逐步停止使用含铅天然气。德国从1972年起限制汽油的使用。在1981年,汽油的含铅量最初为每克0.4升。1985年这一水平降至0.013 g Pb/l。这种影响也降低了催化含量水平。2002年,联合国环境规划署(United Nations Environment Program)的清洁燃料和车辆伙伴关系(Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles)在全光谱范围内实施了减少铅含量的dot计划。研究发现,2009年只有11个国家使用含铅汽油(Tanaka, 2015)。在撒哈拉以南非洲和世界各地的几个发展中国家也有这种做法。由于先期淘汰计划的实施,空气污染水平有了相当大的改善。

论文格式:空气污染的危害

Air pollution is responsible for 3.3 million deaths per year. It has been found that this causes a drastic impact on the lungs and systemic organs. It is found to have a profound impact in African countries and developing countries. The health factor alone caused a lot of monetary losses to the countries. In a typical country where there is high development rate it has been found that the air pollutants such as Hydrocarbons, Nitrogen oxide, lead and other pollutants cause an negative impact in the life of the people. Owing to this the government of USA starts the lead phase out program. This was to reduce the TEL component and create unleaded petrol (EPAGov, 2016). This awareness had caused manufacturers to steadily decrease lead content in the gasoline production.The graph below shows the impact of lead air quality in the US from the years of 1980 to 2014. Currently the lead level that is permitted by the Environmental protection Agency is 0.15 μg/m3 where the average rolling time is 3 months average (EPA. GoV 2016). As a cascade effect of the policy implemented in United States number of countries followed the same kind of policy.


论文格式:空气污染的危害
Leaded gas phase out in the European Union during the 1970s. In Germany the gasoline levels were restricted from 1972 onwards. Initially the lead content of gasoline was 0.4 per gram of liter in 1981. In 1985 this level was reduced to 0.013 g Pb/l. Catalytic content levels were also reduced as a result of this impact. In the year 2002, Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, in the United Nations Environment Program was implemented dot reducing lead levels across the spectrum. It was found that in the year 2009 only 11 countries had leaded gasoline (Tanaka, 2015). There has also been implementation in the Sub Saharan Africa and in several developing countries across the world. There has been a considerable positive impact in the air pollution levels owing to the effect of the Lead Phase out program.