澳门总面积29.2平方公里，是澳门前殖民地，由中国控制，博彩业发展迅速。2002年，澳门旅游业和旅游业实现了跨越式的发展。可以理解的是，澳门的GDP从2002年的12亿人增加到2008年的434亿人。随着澳门旅游业的自由化，许多外国投资者进入旅游领域，主要集中在酒店、游戏、活动和文物市场(Du,2009:73 – 99)。2008年，澳门接待游客超过22,90万人次。2003年推出的“自由个人旅行(FIT)”计划，导致中国主要城市赴澳旅游热潮高涨。旅游和旅游业的发展可以根据下图所示的图表来理解。这显示了来澳门旅游的游客们正在走向奢华度假。例如，澳门五星级酒店的入住率在2003年至2008年间显著增加。
环境:由于澳门博彩业的出现，电力消耗迅速增加。例如，2000 – 2008年期间，电力消耗从1500万千瓦时增加到3300万千瓦时。同样，游客的增加也产生了诸如垃圾处理等问题。例如，根据下面的表格，可以说明商业和工业废物在2002 – 2008年间的迅速增长。此外，由于新建酒店、度假村和赌场的建设，建筑垃圾也在增加。
Macau with a total area of 29.2 km2 – a former Portuguese colony is only region controlled by China, where gaming industry has developed and has been thriving. Tourism and travel industry in Macau grew by leaps and bounds post license liberation of Gaming industry in 2002. This can be understood by the fact that GDP of Macau increased from MOP 12,200 million in 2002 to 43400 million in 2008. With liberalization of Macau’s travel and tourism industry it has witnessed a number of foreign investors entering the tourism sector which focuses majorly on hotel, gaming, events and heritage market (Du, 2009: 73-99). Macau received more than 22,900,000 visitors in 2008. Launch of Free Individual Travel (FIT) scheme in 2003 has resulted into surge of Chinese tourism travelling from major cities of China to visit Macau. Growth of travel and tourism industry can be understood on the basis of the graph displayed below. It shows how visitors coming to Macau are moving towards luxury based holiday. For example, occupancy rates of five star hotels in Macau have increased significantly between 2003 and 2008.
Technological: Rapid advancement in technology has enabled travel and tourism industry to leverage this and integrate technology in its functioning. Various travel and tourism based business today have dedicated websites and e-commerce sites, through which they conduct their business across the globe.
Environmental: Due to emergence of gaming sector in Macau there has been rapid rise in electricity consumption. For example, electricity consumption increased from 1500 million kWh to 3300 million kWh during period of 2000-2008. Similarly, rise in visitors has also created issues such as waste disposal etc. For example, based on the table below it can be said that how commercial and industrial waste has increased rapidly from 2002-2008. Also construction waste increase majorly due to construction of new hotels, resorts and casinos.