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英国硕士论文字数分配:完全控制策略

英国硕士论文字数分配:完全控制策略

完全控制的策略不起作用:领导者在公司中使用完全控制的风格,这样他们就可以在等级组织结构中强加官僚文化,但是这种文化降低了个体精神(Lukaszewski, 2008)。昆士兰卫生部门的员工受到严格控制,一些员工评论说:“一切都是自上而下控制的,有时在这样的环境下呼吸会变得困难。”组织文化类型将是第一个框架工作,可用于解释昆士兰卫生保健组织的问题。加强组织文化的框架也可以用在这个讨论中。路径目标理论等领导理论可以与hersee – blanchard情境领导理论一起用于讨论。这一理论是建立在一种特定的领导风格的基础上的,这种领导风格适合组织的环境。领导者的行为最适合员工的技能和组织的文化。
领导者的行为有助于实现目标。路径目标理论认为,领导者的主要目标是提高员工的积极性、满意度和士气,使他们能够成为组织中富有成效的成员(Omari, 2013)。该理论分为两个维度或支柱:领导风格和成熟度水平。领导风格分为四种领导风格:讲、卖、参与和授权(Cavinto, et al. 2006)。在成熟度级别,组织的基础上,提出四个维度:意愿的任务,主管要做的任务,但成员不认为他们能做到,成员无法做的任务缺乏能力和意愿,而是他们想要这样做(Northhouse, 2004)。组织文化类型分为宗族型、灵活型、市场型和等级型。在氏族中,大家庭是由养育和指导的。在Adhocracy中,价值创新和风险承担是存在的。在层次结构中,存在稳定性和效率,在市场价值竞争中存在结果导向(Fraser and Simkins, 2009)。

英国硕士论文字数分配:完全控制策略

Tactic of total control was not working: leaders used the style of total control in the company so they can impose the bureaucratic culture in the hierarchical organization structure but this culture decreased individual spirit (Lukaszewski, 2008). At Queensland health employees were controlled tightly and some of the employees commented that: “everything is controlled from the top and sometimes it becomes difficult to breathe in such setting”.Organizational cultural types will be the first frame work that can be used for explaining issues in Queensland health care organization. Framework of strengthening organizational culture can also be used in this discussion. Leadership theories like path goal theory can be used in the discussion along with Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership theory.This theory is based on a specific style of the leader that is fitting to the environment of the organization. The behaviour of the leader is best fit with the skills of the employees and culture of the organization.
Behaviour of the leader is helpful in achieving the goals. Path goal theory discusses that the main goal of leader is to improve employee motivation, satisfaction and morale so that they can become productive members at the organization (Omari, 2013). This theory is divided into two dimensions or pillars: leadership style and maturity level. Leadership style is divided among four leadership styles of: Telling, selling, participating and delegating (Cavinto, et al. 2006). In maturity level, groups are posited on the basis of four dimensions of: willingness of the group to do the task, competent to do the task but members do not think that they can do it, inability of the members to do the task for the lack of competency and willingness but they want to do it (Northhouse, 2004). Organizational cultural types are divided by Clan, Adhocracy, Market and Hierarchy. In Clan, extended family is present with nurturing and mentoring. In Adhocracy, value innovation and risk taking is present. In hierarchy, stability and efficiency is present and in market value competition and result orientation is present (Fraser and Simkins, 2009).

research philosophy怎么写:公司如何成功

research philosophy怎么写:公司如何成功

领导努力处理同时发生的问题来推销组织。只有当组织能够雇佣第三方的顾问来调解问题时,才能达成出售公司的特定条款协议。此外,组织的另一个问题是边际利润减少了公司。亚马逊是Barnes and noble不得不面对的竞争对手,目前Amazon已经抢占了市场份额,导致Barnes利润下降(Japutra et al ., 2015)。针对图书网上零售行业的政府监管力度加大,推动了网上销售成本的上升。为了解决这些问题,公司需要认识到商店可以成为组织的基本资产。另一方面,亚马逊没有实体店,无法通过面对面的接触与顾客进行互动。巴恩斯和诺伯尔斯需要利用书店为顾客提供在线图书。商店中的员工需要能够全面地展示他们产品中的功能。这最终将使该公司在与亚马逊等竞争对手的竞争中获得优势。这种竞争优势很可能有助于稳定甚至提高目前的利润率。该公司目前面临的最后一个问题是实体图书销售下滑。技术已经导致电子书和在线阅读器的出现,允许读者在线下载书籍。
目前政府的资助也有助于减少大学生,导致大学减少学生的入学人数。因此,该公司的大学教科书销量进一步下降。史泰博的目标是通过提供顶级产品和工具,让小企业在工作场所更容易取得成功。通过结合组织的意见和专业知识,公司寻求提供更好的质量的产品。选择该组织的目的是为了获得对公司的洞察和学习,因为它已经成功地成为了一个成功的品牌。史泰博是全球最大的办公产品销售公司,致力于让消费者更容易地在企业中购买更广泛的服务和产品。公司有更广泛的办公用品选择,包括技术和家具(Japutra et al ., 2015)。公司成功地利用了自己的品牌价值和客户对品牌的忠诚度,以更高的质量购买。该公司在26个国家开展业务,为各种规模的企业和客户提供服务。Office superstore作为一个概念是由史泰博公司发明的,公司利用电子商务销售,在激烈的竞争环境中与他人竞争。从对这个组织的阅读来看,公司的成功归功于其明智的选择、决策、对未来客户的期望和要求的预测以及高质量。

research philosophy怎么写:公司如何成功

Leadership struggles to deal with concurrent issue to sell the organization. An agreement of particular terms to sell the company cannot be attained until the organization is able to hire consultants of third party for mediating the issue. Furthermore, other issue for the organization is that marginal profit has reduced for the company. Amazon is a competitor that Barnes and Nobles has to face and presently Amazon has presently stolen the share in the market causing profits for Barnes to reduce (Japutra et al, 2015). Increased regulation of the government over books online retail sector has driven the online sales cost. For solving such concerns, the company needs to be of the realization that the stores can be an essential asset for the organization. Amazon on the other hand, has no physical stores and is not able to give an interaction to the customers based on face to face contact. Barnes and Nobles need to use the bookstores for marking the online books for customers. Employees within the store need to be able to show thoroughly the capabilities in their products. This will ultimately offer the company to gain advantage in competition over the competitors like Amazon. This advantage competitively will most likely help in stabilizing and even increasing the present margins of profit. The last issue that the company faces today is physical book sales decline. Technology has led to the creation of e-book and online readers allowing the readers to download books online.
Funding from current government also helps in decreasing college students to cause colleges to decrease on the student’s amount for enrolment. As a consequence, the college textbook sales at the company have further decreased. The goal of Staples lies in making it easy to make small businesses succeed within workplace through provision of top-level products and tools. Through combination of advice and expertise of organization, the company seeks to offer better quality products. The organization has been selected in order to gain insight and learning from the company as it has managed to be a successful brand. Staples is the largest company selling office products across the world with a commitment to make it easier for the consumers to purchase wider range of services and products in businesses. The company has broader selection of office related supplies inclusive of technology and furniture (Japutra et al, 2015). The company has managed to be successful through use of its brand value and brand loyalty from the customers with higher quality purchase. The company offers its operations across 26 nations to serve businesses of every size and customers. Office superstore as a concept was invented by Staples and the company made use of e-commerce sales in order to compete with others in the tough competitive environment. From the reading on this organization, the success of the company is attributed to its smart choices, decision making, projected future customer desires and requirements as well as high quality.

英国毕业论文格式:引述和文献目录

英国毕业论文格式:引述和文献目录

  出国留学的同学想必都了解过,英国的大学对于学生毕业论文的要求是非常严格的,不仅要求内容严谨,格式也要符合规范,那么今天就给大家讲讲英国毕业论文引述和文献目录的写作格式,希望对同学们以后的写作有帮助。

  一、英语论文的文中引述

  正确的引用作品原文或专家、学者的论述是写好英语论文的重要环节;既要注意引述与论文的有机统1,即其逻辑性,又要注意引述格式 (即英语论文的参考文献)的规范性。

  引述别人的观点,可以直接引用,也可以间接引用。无论采用何种方式,论文作者必须注明所引文字的作者和出处。目前美国学术界通行的做法是在引文后以圆括弧形式注明引文作者及出处。现针对文中引述的不同情况,将部分规范格式分述如下。

  1.若引文不足三行,则可将引文有机地融合在论文中。

  2.被引述的文字假如超过3行,则应将引文与论文文字分开。

  3.如需在引文中插注,对某些词语加以解释,则要使用方括号(不可用圆括弧)。

  4.假如拟引用的文字中有与论文无关的词语需要删除,则需用省略号。假如省略号出现在引文中则用三个点,如出现在引文末,则用四个点,最后1点表示句号,置于第2个圆括弧后(1般说来,应避免在引文开头使用省略号);点与字母之间,或点与点之间都需空1格。

  5.若引文出自1部多卷书,除注明作者姓和页码外,还需注明卷号。

  6.假如英语论文中引用了同1作者的两篇或两篇以上的作品,除注明引文作者及页码外,还要注明作品名。

  7.评析诗歌常需引用原诗句。

  二、英语论文的文献目录

  论文作者在正文之后必须提供论文中全部引文的详细出版情况,即文献目录页。美国高校1般称此页为 Works Cited, 其格式须注意下列几点:

  1.目录页应与正文分开,另页打印,置于正文之后。

  2.目录页应视为英语论文的1页,按论文页码的顺序在其右上角标明论文作者的姓和页码;假如条目较多,不止1页,则第1页不必标出作者姓和页码(但必须计算页数),其余各页仍按顺序标明作者姓和页码。

  标题Works Cited与打印纸顶端的距离约为2.5cm,与第1条目中第1行的距离仍为0.6cm;各条目之间及各行之间的距离也为0.6cm,不必留出更多空白。

  3.各条目内容顺序分别为作者姓、名、作品名、出版社名称、出版地、出版年份及起止页码等;各条目应严格按各作者姓的首字母顺序排列,但不要给各条目编码,也不必将书条与杂志、期刊等条目分列。

  4.各条目第1行需顶格打印,回行时均需缩进五格,以将该条目与其他条目区分开来。

  今天先给同学们讲解了引述和文献目录的写作格式,如果有同学正在写毕业论文,并且对于英国毕业论文格式不是很了解的同学可以随时来我们英国高阶论文AdvancedThesis教育网咨询,我们有专业的老师为您解答,而且我们还做论文代写和修改服务,有需要随时找我们哦。

论文代写被抓:职业运动员收入不足的原因

论文代写被抓:职业运动员收入不足的原因

然而,也可以说,职业运动员“收入不足”的原因如下:收入不平等;经济学中的一个正常特征。我们知道职业运动员的报酬,因为这些是公开的。许多银行家、首席执行官、公司董事,甚至是特许会计师的薪酬、福利、激励和奖金都非常丰厚。在自由市场中,收入的不平等和不公平是一个不可避免的因素(BROWN & JEWELL, 2006)。职业运动员的报酬来自他的优点、卓越和价值,而不是裙带关系、偏袒或挪用公款。不确定你的职业:职业运动员的职业生涯可以在任何时刻突然结束他在法院或音高或跟踪。他的身体总是有风险的,他的职业或身体受到的伤害能得到赔偿吗?开始Young-Finishing梦想:职业运动员可以玩一辈子,而他已经开始他的比赛在很早的时候,获得这一技能和熟练程度,失去了他的替代保护和有利可图的事业。他失去的机会成本与他得到的报酬相比可能是相当低的,因此报酬很低。
独特性:专业为数不多的,甚至是唯一在他的运动员的能力。根据经济学理论,一个独特的东西的价格不能用任何经济投入来衡量。人的因素在这里起作用。例如,一件古董和一件艺术品可以卖到一个别人无法想象的价格,他们不知道自己的价值。愿意购买者和消费者:支付一个职业运动员;无论“超过”或“低于”是一项经济交易,根据法律,买卖双方都同意价格,而其他人没有道德或法定权利说金额被多付或少付。他们支付的每一分钱报酬:它通常被认为,当一个职业运动员在他的完整形式,他下赛季的合同金额增加。这表明他在之前的交易中薪资过低。然而,他已经按照买方的要求提供了他的服务;这里的团队。团队在早期交易中的投资没有得到支持吗?它不会提高薪酬。质量艺人:还有其他的电影明星视为质量艺人是谁支付巨额薪酬相比,很能说,职业运动员收入过低。年轻一代的激励因素:接受他们作为他们的偶像,年轻一代会启发和学习专业运动员。

论文代写被抓:职业运动员收入不足的原因

However, it can also be said that the professional athletes are‘underpaid’ because of the following reasons:Income Inequalities; a Normal Feature in Economics.We know about the remunerations of professional athletes because these are published. There are a number of bankers, CEOs, Company directors or even Chartered Accountants who are paid enormously in the shape of remuneration, benefits, incentives and bonuses. In a free market, inequality and unfairness in incomes are an inevitable factor (BROWN & JEWELL, 2006). It is the merit, excellence and worth that make a professional athlete paid- no nepotism or favouritism or monetary embezzlement.Uncertain Career:The career of a professional athlete can end abruptly at any moment when he is on the court or the pitch or the track. There is always the risk to his body and can the money he is paid for compensating the damage caused to his career or body?Starting Young-Finishing Youn: Professional athlete can play for a lifetime whereas he has to start his game at a very early age and has attained this skill and proficiency, losing his alternative secured and lucrative career. The opportunity cost that he lost may be quite low compared to what he is paid for and is thus underpaid.
Uniqueness:A professional is one of the few or even the only of his kind in his field of sportsman skill. As per the economic theory, the price of a unique thing cannot be measured by any economic input. The human factor works here. For instance, an antique and a piece of art can fetch a price, unimaginable by others who do not know their worth. Willing Purchasers and Consumers:Paying to a professional athlete; whether ‘over’ or ‘under’ is an economic transaction under the law where both the seller and purchaser agree to the price and others have no ethical or statutory right to say that the amount was overpaid or underpaid.They Pay for Every Penny They Get Paid:It is often seen that when a professional athlete is in his full form, his contract value is increased for the next season. This indicates that he was underpaid in his earlier deal. Yet, he has rendered his services to the extent as desired by the purchaser; here the team. Does the team not have back its investment in the earlier deal; it would not have increased the remuneration. Mass Entertainers:There are other celebrities in movies that are considered as mass entertainers who are paid huge remuneration and compared to that, it can well be said that professional athletes are ‘underpaid’.Motivators of Young Generation:Accepting them as their icons, young generation gets inspired and learn from the professional athletes.

外稿寫手:職業運動員與明星收入的差別

外稿寫手:職業運動員與明星收入的差別
一個高水平的表現要求從專業運動員。運動員的工作總是有壓力,因為他們必須承受來自觀眾、球迷和球隊的壓力。運動員要想在職業生涯中取得進步,就必須在賽場上表現出優異的表現。此外,如果計算足球和板球明星的收入,他們的收入遠遠低於他們應該得到的。職業足球運動員的俱樂部以犧牲職業運動員為代價,賺取了可觀的收入。通過觀察球員的工資讓他們俱樂部賺這麼多通過他們的天賦和技能,就會意識到這些職業球員是不夠支付,事實上,大部分的錢直接去俱樂部的管理而不是職業球員。職業球員為他們的球隊和俱樂部吸引了大量的讚助。通過將職業運動員與電影明星或音樂家進行比較,很明顯,電影明星每集的片酬高達數百萬美元,遠遠高於職業運動員。
薪酬最高的演員羅伯特·唐尼(Robert Downey)在2014年賺了7500萬美元。 2014年,收入最高的女演員是安吉麗娜·朱莉,年收入3300萬美元。女職業運動員不能掙這麼多錢。此外,職業球員或運動員也從很小的時候就開始打球,因此犧牲了其他東西而不是運動。他們甚至比其他職業的人更早退休。當運動員在年輕的時候開始他們的職業生涯,他們無法繼續他們的教育,因為他們開始從事體育運動,他們的學院/大學因此被忽視。此外,體育運動員的職業生涯可以在一瞬間結束。例如,亨德森的腿受傷了,之後他就不能為其他球隊踢球了。身體健康在一個職業運動員的職業生涯中扮演著重要的角色,因為它可以犧牲他們的職業生涯。

外稿寫手:職業運動員與明星收入的差別

A high level of performance in required from the professional athletes. The job of the athletes is always under pressure, as they have to bear the pressure from the audience, fans, and teams. A high performance needs to be shown by the athletes in the field, in order to advance in their career. Moreover, if the earnings of the big football and cricket stars are calculated, they are much less than what they should be receiving. The clubs of the professional football players earn a healthy amount of money at the expense of the professional athletes. By looking at the salary of the players who are making their club earn so much through their talents and skills, it will be realized that these professional players are not being paid enough and in fact, most of the money directly goes to the management of the club rather than to the professional player. Professional players attract heavy sponsorships for their teams and clubs. By comparing the professional athletes with the movie stars or musicians, it is evident that the movie stars are paid in millions per episode which much more than the professional athletes.
The highest paid actor, Robert Downey, made $75 million in the year 2014. The highest paid female actress was Angelina Jolie in the year 2014, who made $33 million. Female professional athletes are not able to earn such a high amount. Moreover, the professional players or athletes also start playing at a very young age, thus sacrificing other things over sports. They even retire earlier than the people in other professions. When players start their career at a young age, they are unable to continue their education, as they start playing sports and their college/university is neglected as a result. Furthermore, the career of a sports athlete can end in a split second. For example, EJ Henderson had a leg injury, after which he was unable to play for any other team. Physical fitness plays a significant role in the career of a professional athlete as it can cost them their career.

英国论文代写被发现:如何设计公共交通

英国论文代写被发现:如何设计公共交通

蒙特利尔和多伦多被认为在公共交通巴士和地下地铁线路等地面交通工具上运行。温哥华利用天空列车(城市交通工作组,2012)。然而,地面交通工具也在使用,像公交车这样的交通工具也会陷入私人通勤者造成的拥堵。为了解决交通拥堵问题,需要进行城市经济规划。城市经济学是运用经济工具和理论来解决城市问题。根据工会理论,技术效率只有通过组合投入才能实现。“当一个经济体的最大产出是由给定的投入组合产出时,它在技术上是有效的”(Kaufman, 2004, p. 356)。在此背景下,城市经济规划为了解决交通拥堵问题,将考虑如何将区域规划与交通相结合。研究报告建议,在大多伦多地区,将有必要让市政府和过境机构为共同目标共同努力。
Metrolinx项目就是这样一个多输入项目,智能交通系统将被用来控制拥堵(城市交通工作组,2012)。蒙特利尔实施了一项计划,将重点放在土地利用规划和拥堵问题上。早在2008年,蒙特利尔就对21个场地进行了可持续发展可行性分析,并据此进行了规划。为了使这种规划形式能够持续下去,资金必须来自不同的目的。在美国等国家,联邦汽油税的一部分将预留给各州,以便为各州的道路规划和运输提供资金。在法国等国家,法国的自动驾驶系统是由道路上收取的通行费资助的。加拿大应该有类似的实现,而且必须集成这些实现。还应该有公共和私人伙伴关系,以增加财政和减少风险(城市交通工作队,2012年)。在考虑外部性和定价时,可以说外部性的情况也可能是拥堵问题的一个因素。

英国论文代写被发现:如何设计公共交通

Montreal and Toronto are seen to operate on surface vehicles such as public transport buses and also underground subways lines. Vancouver makes use of SkyTrain (Urban Transportation Task Force, 2012). However, surface based transits are used and transit vehicles like buses will be caught in the same gridlock created by private commuters. Urban economic planning is required to address the problem of congestion. Urban economics is the use of economic tools and theories in order to solve urban issues. According to the unions theory, it has been accepted that technical efficiency is possible only by combination of inputs. “An economy is technically efficient when the maximum possible output is being produced from a given combination of inputs” (Kaufman, 2004, p. 356). In this context, urban economy planning in order to address the issues of traffic congestion will consider how to integrate regional planning and transportation. It has been recommended in studies that in Greater Toronto Area it will be necessary to have the municipality and the transit agency work together for the common objective.
The Metrolinx program is one such multiple input program where intelligent transportation systems will be made use of in order to control congestion (Urban Transportation Task Force, 2012). Montreal implemented a plan where it would focus on land use planning and the congestion problem. As early as in the 2008, 21 sites in Montreal were analyzed for sustainable development feasibility and planning was done accordingly. For this form of planning to be sustainable, the financing has to come from different ends. In countries such as the United States, a portion of federal gas tax would be set aside for states in order to finance for their road planning and transit. In countries such as France, the French autoroute system is financed by the tolls collected on the roads.There should be similar implementations in Canada, and these implementations must be integrated. There should also be public private partnership for increasing finances and for reducing the risks (Urban Transportation Task Force, 2012). In considering externalities and pricing, it can be said that the situation of externality might be a contributor to the congestion problem also.

英国论文延期:温哥华地铁拥堵的因素

英国论文延期:温哥华地铁拥堵的因素

温哥华地铁的拥堵与该地区的基础设施缺口和不断增长的人口密切相关。基础设施和公共交通状况的维修和建设未能满足规划地点的需求。这导致了通勤时间的增加和交货的延迟。人们不能花更多的时间与朋友和家人在一起,也会对环境造成负面影响。交通拥堵的后果是广泛的,影响到企业、政府、个人司机和公共交通用户,更正确地影响到整个社会。交通拥堵的一个显著经济影响可能与“太平洋门户倡议”(Pacific Gateway Initiative)以及货物运输和服务条件直接相关。关于如何减少交通拥堵问题、如何为基础设施融资以及如何实现可持续发展的严肃对话非常重要。
道路定价的概念可能是“减少拥堵,产生收入,更有效地管理道路使用需求,减少温哥华地铁环境破坏”的一个可能的解决方案(Arnold, 2013)。道路收费也被称为拥堵收费;这一过程包括对在特定时间使用特定道路的司机收费。这大大有助于减少最繁忙地区的拥堵。道路收费系统可以以多种综合方式应用,它“可以采取多种形式,从基于GPS距离的综合方案、无限制旅行的统一收费,到扩大该地区桥梁和隧道的收费方案”(Arnold, 2013)。道路使用实行直价。道路使用者根据道路上的时间和频率付费。道路定价也有利于鼓励人们考虑其他交通设施,在非高峰时间使用道路和减少驾驶(莱文森,2010)。

英国论文延期:温哥华地铁拥堵的因素

The congestion in Metro Vancouver is closely connected to the infrastructure gap and the growing population in the region. The maintenance and construction of the infrastructure and the condition of public transport has failed to meet the demand of planned locations. This results in increasing the commute time and late deliveries. People are not able to spend more time with friends and family and also affecting environment adversely. The result of congestion is extensive and has impact on business, government, individual drivers, and public transport users and more correctly on the whole society. One prominent economic effect of congestion could be directly related to the Pacific Gateway Initiative and over the movement of goods and condition of services.The serious conversation about how to reduce the problem of congestion, how to finance infrastructure and how to achieve sustainability are very important.
The concept of Road Pricing could be a possible solution for “reducing congestion, generating revenue, more efficiently managing the demand for road use, and abating environmental damage in Metro Vancouver” (Arnold, 2013). The Road priding is also called as congestion pricing; this process involves charging motorists for using certain roads at certain timing. This helps greatly in reducing congestion in the busiest areas.The road pricing system can be applied in many comprehensive ways, it “can take many forms, ranging from comprehensive GPS distance-based schemes, flat fees for unlimited travel, to expanding the tolling scheme on the region’s bridges and tunnels” (Arnold, 2013). The direct price is applied for using roads. The road users pay the money according to the time and frequency on the roads. The road pricing is also beneficial in encouraging people to consider other facilities of transportation, use of roads at non-peak hours and to drive less (Levinson, 2010).

英国研究生论文methodology:货币政策

英国研究生论文methodology:货币政策

短期的货币政策,其变化在is – lm模型中显示,适合于价格水平固定的情况。根据短期的固定价格水平,可以解释国民收入的变化,也可以解释总需求曲线的变化。这一工具对于研究波动和货币政策转向实现稳定是有用的。货币政策在考虑这些短期固定变量时,不会考虑较长时期内的实时波动。因此,政策的变化可能最终只关注导致稳定的短期变量(Smith, 2014)。通货膨胀和其他因素的影响可能不被考虑,在较长时期内,货币政策可能是中性的。总需求或AD定义为市场对最终产品和商品的总需求。这通常是假设一个固定的时间和价格。因此,一个国家资本的任何形式的增长都将在资本输出总量上产生变化。在AD-AS曲线中,显示了货币政策对总需求的影响。总需求曲线是对GDP的需求,也称为有效需求。按照紧缩的货币政策,货币供应量减少,那么GDP也会减少。随着利率上升,消费者最终会减少支出。在AD-AS曲线图中,总需求向右平移。
另一方面,在上述扩张性货币政策下,货币供应量的增加会导致GDP的增加(infinite, 2016)。中国将会有更多的支出,下图中的总需求曲线将会向右平移。因此,更高的价格和更高的经济产出将出现在这个国家。除了与is – lm模型提供的短期前景可以说对GDP增加和减少的理解反映在紧缩货币供应的减少和扩张性的货币增长变量也过于依赖经济不确定性的说,一年。利率和通货膨胀会影响经济中的资本,但除此之外,还会受到其他因素的影响,如该国的劳动力供应、技术等。当涉及到较长时期的经济增长时,这些是主要的决定因素(Smith, 2004)。货币政策可能不考虑这些因素,因为它超出了货币政策的范围。为了显示经济增长的稳定和更多,货币政策在短期内是有用的。然而,从长远来看,它可能不会促进经济增长。也没有迹象表明它可以成为多年来有效的经济增长政策的一部分(Smith, 2004)。

英国研究生论文methodology:货币政策

The monetary policy for the short run whose changes is shown in the IS–LM model is suited for the situation where price levels are fixed. Depending on the fixed price levels for the short run, the changes in the national income can be explained and also the aggregate demand curve shifts. The tool is useful to study fluctuations and the monetary policy shifts towards achieving stabilization. Monetary policy in considering those short term fixed variables would not consider the fluctuations in real time over a longer period. So the policy changes might end up looking only at the short term variables that result in stabilization (Smith, 2014). Effects of inflation and more might not be considered and for longer periods the monetary policy might appear to be neutral. The Aggregate demand or the AD is defined as the total demand for final products and goods in the market. This is usually assumed for a fixed time and price only. Any form of increase in capital of a country will hence create changes in the aggregate sending. In the AD-AS curve, the monetary policy and impact on Aggregate demand is shown. The Aggregate demand curve is demand for GDP and will also be called as the effective demand. As per the contractionary monetary policy that the money supply is decreased then there will also be a decrease in the GDP. Consumer will end up spending less as the interest rates go up. In the AD-AS curve diagram, the Aggregate demand is shifted to the right.
On the other hand, in the case of the expansionary monetary policy as discussed above the money supply increase will lead to the increase of GDP (Boundless, 2016). There will be more spending in the country, aggregate demand curve in the diagram below will now shift to the right. Higher prices and a higher economic output will hence be present in the country now. In addition to the short term outlook as presented along with IS-LM it can be said that understanding of the GDP increase and decrease as mirrored in the contractionary decrease of monetary supply and the expansionary increase of monetary variables are also too dependent on economic uncertainties of say, a year. Interest rates and inflation will affect the capital in the economy, but in addition there will also be effects of other factors such as labour supply in the country, technology and so on. These are main determinants when it comes to economic growth over a longer period of time (Smith, 2004). The monetary policy might not account for these factors as it is out of the scope of the monetary policy. In showing stabilization of economic growth and more the monetary policy is useful in the short term. However, in the long run it might not contribute to economic growth. There are also no indications to suggest that it can become part of an efficient economic growth policy over the years (Smith, 2004).

投資 論文:藝術風格的融匯

投資 論文:藝術風格的融匯
甚至巴勃羅·畢加索也被發現放棄了這種藝術風格,儘管他是這種藝術形式的早期先驅之一。它在世界各地的影響顯示了立體派的影響,以及它是如何被不同的文化所詮釋的。這說明立體主義只是一種表現工具,主要依賴於原始藝術家的表現。這種藝術形式在亞洲的影響確實是獨一無二的,對各種藝術形式的描繪依賴於藝術作品的原作者。高惠東是一位學習西方油畫技法的韓國畫家。他將這些繪畫風格融入到傳統的韓國繪畫風格中。他以獨特的視角分析了韓國古代畫風的概念,並與歐陸畫風相結合。這創造了一個獨特的空間組織和對象的分佈。這種獨特的視角使他能夠創作出更新穎的藝術作品。他基本上創造了一種新的藝術形式,一種兼收並蓄的文化混合。 Ko的階級背景使他理解和獲得知識的細微差別油畫。他去日本學習新的西方繪畫風格。
回國後,他發現這項新技術受到了韓國社會的嚴厲批評,並沒有被接受。為了避免批評,他恢復了傳統正統的韓國繪畫。他把注意力轉移到用原始主義的意識形態發展藝術上,而沒有放棄他在油畫中學到的意識形態。他決定表達他所有的藝術工具,並形成新的表現形式。在這個設計中,他使用了油畫技巧,並在描繪中相互影響的燈光和陰影。這體現了藝術家作為社會一份子的適應性和猜想。有反思的意識形態和文化影響在Ko的作品。自畫像的Ko獲得了大量人氣。有廣泛的分析和調查,在分析Ko的作品。藝術家的自畫像表現出明顯的元素失衡。藝術家有意地運用這個概念。他運用了元素的描繪,並使用了不同形式的反射。在這部作品中,我們觀察到了許多隱含的意義和內涵。除此之外,還有刻意使用的色彩和描繪,簡單地表達了藝術衡量標準的不同。

投資 論文:藝術風格的融匯

Even Pablo Picasso was found to abandon this artistic style even though he was one of the early pioneers of this art form. Its influence across the world shows the impact of cubism and how it was interpreted by the different cultures. This shows that cubism is only a tool of representation that primarily depended on the original artist to make the presentation. Asian influence of this art form is truly unique and the depiction of the various art forms depended on the original creator of the art works. Ko Hui-Dong was a Korean artist who had learnt the techniques of western oil painting. He has incorporated those styles of painting into traditional Korean styles of painting. He had a unique perspective that he had analyzed the concepts of ancient style of Korean painting and combined with the euro style. This created a unique spatial organization and distribution of the objects. This unique perspective allowed him to create newer innovative art works. He had essentially created a new art form that was an eclectic mix of cultures.Ko’s class background enabled him to understand and gain knowledge about the nuances of the oil paintings. He had gone to Japan to learn about the newer western styles of painting.
After his return, he found that this new technique was heavily criticized and not accepted in the Korean community. To avoid criticism he resumed painting in the conventional orthodox Korean painting. He had shifted his focus to developing art using primitivism ideologies without abandoning the ideologies that he had learnt in oil painting. He had decided to express all his artistic tools and form new representations. In this design he however used the oil painting techniques and interplays the lights and shadows in the depiction. This shows the adaptability and the conjecture of artists to be a part of the society. There was reflection of the ideologies and cultural influences that was seen in the works of Ko. Self-portraits of Ko have gained a lot of popularity. There was extensive analyses and investigations that has been done while analyzing the works of Ko. The self-portraits of the artists show a distinctive imbalance of the elements. The artist deliberately manoeuvred this notion. He had played with the depiction of elements and had used different forms of reflections. There are many hidden levels of meaning and connotations that has been observed in this work. Apart from this, there is a deliberate use of colors and depiction that simply expresses that the standard of measurement of art is found to vary.

英國代寫:皮亞傑理論分析

英國代寫:皮亞傑理論分析
皮亞傑學習在案例研究中註意到的另一個主要方面是分類(Gray, 1994)。分類是孩子理解不同類別,通過理解這些類別解決實際問題和動手問題的能力。分類將根據具體的維度進行。這裡更具體的功能是對類別中的子組進行排序。現在根據案例研究,學生們正在研究種子。學生去尋找種子類型,這是分類學習的一種形式。除了分類,他們還學習了不同種類的種子是如何分散的。因此,學生似乎已經考慮了基於Ann的分類指令的多維度。序列化的認知操作包括按照可量化的維度(如身高或體重)在腦海中安排項目的能力。學生也在此情境中發展序列化的認知運作。序列化是子元素根據特定的維度來標識項的過程。學生研究降雨對螞蟻及其洞穴的不同影響;在這裡,他們研究了降雨量對螞蟻洞穴的影響。
皮亞傑理論的一個批評是,該理論可能不支持多種文化。不同文化背景的學生在教育和發展方面可能會有不同的增長率(Dasen, 1994)。研究表明,保護水資源的能力在土著兒童中來得更晚。研究對象為8-14歲的土著兒童(Dasen, 1994)。同樣,還有其他空間意識也可能以不同的方式發展。安似乎沒有考慮到需要一種適合所有孩子的差異化教學。皮亞傑的理論本身是建立在日內瓦學生的基礎上的,日內瓦是西方文化的土地。這裡的學生學習的方式不同,他們的思維方式也不同,因此沒有考慮到孩子基於這些因素可能產生的認知反應。 Gray(1994)等研究人員的測試似乎表明皮亞傑的正式和具體操作時期實際上取決於皮亞傑所考慮的西方學校。

英國代寫:皮亞傑理論分析

Another main aspect of the Piaget learning which is noticed in the case study is that of classification (Gray, 1994). Classification is the capability of the child to understand different categories and to solve practical and hands on problems by the understanding of these categories. The categorization would be done based on specific dimensions. A more specific ability here is to order subgroups within the categories. Now according to the case study, students are studying seeds. Students go and find seed types, which is a form of categorization learning. In addition to categorization, they also learn how different seed types disperse. Hence the student seems to have considered multiple dimensions based on Ann’s instructions to categorize. The cognitive operation of seriation involves the ability to mentally arrange items along a quantifiable dimension, such as height or weight. Students also develop the cognitive operation of seriation in this context. Seriation is where the children lead to identify items by specific dimensions. Students study different rainfall impacts on ants and their burrows; here they study the quantity of rain for its impact on the ant burrows.
A critique in the case of the Piaget theory is that the theory might not support multiple cultures. Students from different cultures might have different growth rate when it comes to education and development (Dasen, 1994). Research studies show that the ability to conserve water came much later in the case of aboriginal children. The study was conducted with 8-14-year-old aboriginal children (Dasen, 1994). Similarly, there are other spatial awareness that could also develop differently. Ann seems to not have considered the need for a differentiated instruction that would suit all children. Piaget’s theory itself was developed based on students in Geneva which is a Western cultural land. How the students study here is different and so are their forms of thinking, and hence the cognitive reaction that the child could have based on these elements has not been considered. Tests by researchers such as Gray (1994) seem to indicate that Piaget’s formal and concrete operational periods are in fact dependent on the western schools that Piaget considered.