南·戈尔丁的照片展现了20世纪80年代被美国主流社会驱逐的年轻人的生活。她拍摄了一些自我摄影作品，这些作品因忠实地记录了艺术家的生活而广受好评。其中一张照片记录了她是如何被男友严重伤害的，脸上有瘀伤。她也打破了摄影师只是观察者的局限，让摄影师成为被别人看到的人。南戈尔丁的自我摄影更多的是与纪实摄影相关，而不是简单的自我表现。这些照片记录的是人物的内心世界，而不是外表。辛迪·舍曼通过在她的自拍照作品中“表演某人”而建立了国际声誉。在未命名的电影剧照系列中，辛迪·谢尔曼(Cindy Sherman)用她的身体演绎了历史上一个特定的人物。她通过表演其他人物来构建自己的身份，因为他们都是女性，都是由男性塑造和观察的。在这些自我摄影作品中，她生动地展现了女性在大众传媒中的塑造和规范。变化的发生不仅是因为时尚潮流的流动，还因为革命发生在社会的其他方面。通过表演这些著名的女性形象，Cindy Sherman表达了女性超越男性控制的创造力(Oldham et al, 2012)。
如今，名人和普通人都对自拍和发布自拍有着浓厚的兴趣。对于名人来说，自拍扮演着记录他们生活的角色，在自拍中，他们可以明确地表达他们在做什么，他们在见谁，他们长什么样。在过去，明星的生活被限制在电影院或家里的电视屏幕上;为了满足人们偷窥的冲动，狗仔队将镜头从公共领域延伸到了名人的私人领域。这就造成了一种“双输”的局面:名人的隐私受到干涉，而在大多数情况下，曝光给公众的是丑陋的。然而，自拍文化的发展解决了这一矛盾。名人可以告诉别人他或她在做什么。在某种程度上，名人和粉丝之间的隔阂已经被打破，或者至少有所减少。在自拍的帮助下，名人可以更方便地管理自己的照片。例如，巴拉克•奥巴马(Barack Obama)和戴维•卡梅伦(David Cameron)被认为是与本国人民联系最密切的两位领导人。他们都非常积极地在社交网站主页上与其他政客或重要人物自拍。
Nan Goldin’s photos present the lives of young people expelled from the mainstream American society in the 1980s. She takes some self- photography works that are acclaimed of its faithful record of the life the artist was leading. One photo records how she was seriously hurt by her boyfriend with bruises on the face. She also breaks the limitation that the photographers are merely the watchers, making the photographers be the people who are viewed by others.Nan Goldin’s self- photography is much more relevant with documentary photography rather than simple self-expression. What these pictures record is the inner world of the character rather than the exterior appearance. Cindy Sherman builds an international reputation by “performing someone” in her self- photography works.In the Untitled Film Stills series, Cindy Sherman uses her body to perform a specific figure in the history. She constructs her identity through performing other figures because of their common points: both of them are women, who is shaped and watched by men. In those self- photography works, she vividly presents how women are shaped and regulated in mass media. Changes happened not only because of the flow of fashion tendency, but also because the revolution occurred in other aspects of society. By performing those famous female figures, Cindy Sherman expresses women’s creativity that transcends men’s control (Oldham et al, 2012).
Today, both celebrities and common people have intense interest in taking and posting selfies.For the celebrities, selfies play the role as a recorder of their lives, in which they could explicitly convey what they are doing, who they are meeting, how they are looking like. In the old days, the lives of stars were limited on the screen in the cinema or in your home’s television; to satisfy people’s voyeuristic impulse, paparazzo extended camera from the public sphere to the private sphere of the celebrities. It was thus alose- lose situation: the celebrities’ privacy was intervened while what exposed to the public was in most cases ugly. However, the development of selfie culture solves the contradiction. The celebrities can tell other people what he or she is doing liberally. The walls between the celebrities and his or her fans are to some extent broken or at least reduced. With the help of selfie, it is more convenient for the celebrities to manage their own images. For instance, Barack Obama and David Cameron are regarded as the two heads in closest touch with their people. Both of them are very active in posting selfies with other politicians or important people on the homepages of their social network sites.