英國大學學制:经济概念分工

英國大學學制:经济概念分工

经济概念的分工把它看作是一个经济概念,它意味着生产过程划分不同的阶段,使工人的注意力分散,并保持对特定角色的集中。从经济学的角度来看,当工人们关注于生产的一个小要素时,考虑到足够的质量和产量(Berkman et al., 2014),整体效率会提高。亚当•斯密(Adam Smith)提出了这一概念,他认为,当工人们分开时,生产效率会提高,并提供不同的角色。

英國大學學制:经济概念分工

从社会学的观点来看,对迪尔凯姆的劳动分工在很大程度上受到了8月份Comte的影响。社会对分工的看法依赖于两种团结形式和社会一致性。原始社会在本质上是节段性的,由机械团结和现代社会构成,构成了社会分化的有机团结(Bowring, 2016)。因此,在集体协商一致的基础上,劳动分工被认为是社会一致的。

英國大學學制:经济概念分工

The division of labour from the economic conception considers it as an economic concept that implies production process division across variety of stages for segregating the focus of workers and maintaining the concentration on the specific roles. It is considered from the economic perspective that when the workers focus on one small element of the production, the overall efficiency increases given that adequate quality and volume are produced (Berkman et al., 2014). The concept was argued by Adam Smith on the manner in which production efficiencies enhance when the workers split up and are provided with distinct roles.

英國大學學制:经济概念分工
The division of labour from the sociological conception as per Durkheim is considerably influenced by August Comte. The social view on division of labour relies on the two solidarity forms and the social coherence. The primitive society were segmental in nature and consisted of mechanical solidarity and the modern societies comprise of the organic solidarity which brings social differentiation (Bowring, 2016). Therefore, the division of labour is considered socially coherent on the basis of collective consensus.

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