In the past, work has been regarded as the one which could never be anything other than a mere way to an end for the luckless individuals who are not wealthy enough so as to get away from this terrible curse (Svendsen 2014). However, the definition of the same has been changed over the period of time. There have been various studies conducted in the past which surrounds the topic of meaningful work. A meaningful work according to these studies could be said to reflect as the one which expresses the inner being of an individual. This includes sense of being oneself wherein one could develop and recognize one’s own potential and at the same time bring one’s whole self (body, mind, spirit and emotion) to the workplace and the work. Moreover, in a meaningful work one must be able to know the purpose in life and how the work fits into that specific purpose. One must master one’s performance and seek for creativity, challenge, continuous growth and learning in a meaningful work.
In various studies, a meaningful work also means having sense of control, empowerment and autonomy over one’s surroundings; also, by means of work one must look forward to execute one’s purpose. In addition, a meaningful work is the one which ensures an equilibrium amongst personal self and work self, equilibrium of work self and spiritual self, balance of work with family and other relationships and lastly an equilibrium of giving to others and giving to oneself (Baumeister 1991).
It has been seen in recent times that people argue on the fact that they are made to work too much and the quantity of work being done by people is so immense that it results in exhausting the person to the core (Svendsen 2014).