简今年36岁，第一次怀孕才13个月。避免潜在并发症的关键是定期监测母亲和婴儿的健康和幸福，并提供相应的产科护理和支持(昆士兰母婴中心，2012)。在澳大利亚，像Jane这样的女性有很多产前护理模式，它们是:全科医生共享护理、助产士/助产士团队护理、私人助产士护理和私人产科护理(SESLHD, 2016)。护理的强度因提供者的不同而不同。如果Jane处于一定的风险水平，可以推荐特定的模型;或者根据她的喜好、文化、宗教和其他因素来选择(GP Liaison Unit, 2014)。除了模特之外，还有常规的产前护理，这是强烈推荐给所有孕期妇女的。
Jane is 36 years old, and she is 13 months into her first pregnancy. The crucial importance to avoid potential complications is monitoring the health and wellbeing of both mother and baby regularly, and providing maternity care and support accordingly (Queensland Centre for Mothers & Babies, 2012). There are numerous models of antenatal care made available in Australia for women like Jane, they are: GP shared care, midwife/midwife team care, private midwifery care, and private obstetric care (SESLHD, 2016). The intensities of care vary due to different providers. Specific model may be recommended for Jane if she is under a certain level of risk; or they may be chosen by her depending on her preferences, cultural, religion, and other factors (GP Liaison Unit, 2014). The models aside, there is routine antenatal care, which is highly recommended for all women during pregnancy.
The first visit to the hospital should happen between 10 to 12 weeks, during which Jane will undergo series of examinations, such as vital signs, weight, height, and urine composition. Her history will be taken and documented. The hospital midwife will examine her physical and psychological status in order to plan appropriate care. Some blood may be taken for tests. Further examinations, for heart or lung conditions, may be carried out if indicated (Government of South Australia, 2016). Then the second appointment is the best to be made at 19 to 20 weeks gestation, then again at around 28 weeks. After that, it is ideal to visit the hospital every 4 weeks for regular check-ups (GP Liaison Unit, 2014). In this case scenario, Jane chooses the model of GP shared care under the public health care system, this means during her pregnancy care is shared between an accredited general practitioner and hospital midwives.