executive summary格式:科学管理理论

executive summary格式:科学管理理论

Alderfer理论试图解释泰勒的科学管理理论的空白。这个理论是早期的理论,试图科学管理理论。它对员工的需要和动机的根源。它解释了现有的需求在社会和人们如何改变发展。它还探讨的动机是基于主观需求(莱瑟姆,花生米,2005)。它类似于马斯洛需求层次理论。还有其他动机理论表明人们工作比金钱的其他因素。这是定义为马斯洛的不同层次的需求。在最初的水平,需要等基本生理需求的人食物,住所等等。

executive summary格式:科学管理理论
一旦他们有基本安全,爱和归属感的人开始建立关系的人。在这个层面上,人们试图保护自己免受外部元素和寻求稳定和自由。他们有自尊需要或需要在他们的社区,一旦他们获得尊重的关系。有许多层次的个人寻求获得尊重和钦佩他们圈莱瑟姆,和花生米,2005)。一旦达到这个,人们开始寻找自我实现。马斯洛讨论关于人的精神需求一旦他们实现所有这些水平。一个人一旦获得这些基本要求,下一个人的动机因素是安全的需要。

executive summary格式:科学管理理论

Alderfer theory tries to explain the gaps of Taylor’s scientific management theories. This theory was one of the earlier theories that tried to move past the scientific management theory. It examined the root causes of needs and motivation for the employees to performance. It explained about the existing of needs in the society and how the people change as they develop. It also probes into the ways in motivation which is based on the subjective requirements (Latham, and Pinder, 2005). It is similar to Maslow Hierarchy of needs. There have been other motivational theories that suggest that people work for factors other than money. This is defined as the different levels of needs by Maslow. In the initial level, the people require the basic physiological needs such as food, shelter to name a few.

executive summary格式:科学管理理论
Once a person gains these basic requirements, the next motivational factor for the person is the safety and security needs.In this level, the people try to protect themselves from external elements and seek stability and freedom. Once they have the basic security, the person starts to forge relationships of love and belongingness to the people. They have the esteem needs or the need to gain respect in their communities once they have the relationships. There are many levels in which the individuals seek to gain respect or admiration among their circles Latham, and Pinder, 2005). Once this is reached, the people start to look for self-fulfilment. Maslow discusses about the spiritual needs of the person once they achieve all these levels.

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