Online defamation is the act of presenting false news about an individuals or an organization in an effort to reduce their credibility. The plaintiffs are the people who suffer the ramifications of online defamation and they have rights to claim their credibility and ensure that they have acted with integrity. The plaintiffs should prove to the courts that the individual or organization had stated a false statement with the malicious intent of discrediting of the plaintiffs. The plaintiffs should prove that the defendant had simply posted a false fact that the defendant considered it to be a lie, nevertheless continued to do so. Online defamation is an important issue that has become the primary concern in many nations. There is a conundrum that the people feel about the notions of Freedom of speech and defamatory content. These have been explained in the following section. In the UK constitution, one of the fundamental tenets of democracy has been defined as Freedom of speech. These have been bolstered by the ideology of the human rights convention of the European Union. Article 10 of the European convention of human rights states that all the people to express their opinion. People have their right to gauge a opinion and state their emotions regarding the events. This is a primary mandate for all the individuals in the society. They can have opinion and impart their viewpoints.
This is the fundamental basic right that is given to all the people. The same ideology can be applied to all the media outlets. The states cannot prevent the freedom of expression or the press freedom in any way. They are allowed to voice their sentiments without any fear of retribution. Article 29 J states that the people are allowed to practice any religion without fear. At the same time, they also should not express or voice disapproval of other religions. People are practice their own ideology and form their own opinion. However the courts differentiate between opinion and facts. This nuanced form of understanding is important while expressing the opinion. If a particular false statement is posted as an opinion it is considered to be libel. Libel is the act of professing a statement as a fact even though it is not true. Libel laws can be very stringent. This is echoed in the case of Cairns v Modi (2012) where the tweet about a professional cricketer was considered to be libel (Thompson, 2013). The courts asked the defendant to pay £90,000 in order to compensate for the damage.