英国代写assignment:决策制定

英国代写assignment:决策制定

决策理论:决策是根据市场和组织的条件从可用选项中选择最佳选项的过程。广泛地说,在决策过程中有两种理论。首先是组织过程模型;它指出组织中的决策是基于组织中所遵循的程序和系统的类型。流程和标准操作程序(SOP)仍然是组织决策的关键(Crichton,2009)。决策制定的第二个重要理论是决策理性,意味着在组织中对决策进行合理性决策,但理性应遵循几个步骤,即必须从所有可能的来源收集关于问题的所有相关信息,然后进行适当的分析完成所收集的信息,并且必须对每个备选方案的后果进行适当评估,最后必须做出有助于有效决策的理由选择,这对组织有利(Sumpter,2009年)。

英国代写assignment:决策制定
决策方法:决策制定的第一种方法是避免:它意味着避免决策或暂时从给定的替代方案中选择替代方案。在可用信息不充分的情况下采用这种方法。潜在的后果需要更多的时间进行评估,并给予竞争对手采取行动的时间,其结果可以在公司的决策过程中考虑(Choo,1996)。采取判决权并没有正确地做出决定,或者现在的情况就是这样,如果没有做出任何关键的决定,事情是可以解决的。决策制定的第二种方法是解决问题,在这个决策中,活动被认为是解决问题的活动,并且当达到有效和高效的解决方案时,这个活动被认为是完成的。

英国代写assignment:决策制定

Theories of Decision making: decision making is a process of selecting the best option from the available options according to the conditions of the market and the organization. Broadly there are two theories in decision making process. Firstly it is Organizational Process model; it states that decisions in an organization are based on the type of procedures and system being followed in the organization. The process and standard operating procedure (SOP) remains the key of decision making in the organizations (Crichton, 2009). Second important theory of decision making is Rationality in decision making, means that decisions are taken in the organization on rationality but rationality should be followed with few steps i.e. all relevant information about the problem must be gathered from all possible sources then a proper analysis must be done of the information collected and each alternative must be evaluated properly in terms of its consequences and lastly a rationale choice must be made that can help in the effective decision making which proves to be beneficial for the organization (Sumpter, 2009).

英国代写assignment:决策制定
Decision making approaches: first approach in decision making is avoiding: it means avoiding the decision making or choosing an alternative from the given alternatives for the time being. This approach is adopted in the circumstances when the information available is inadequate. Potential consequences need time to be judged more intensively and giving time to competitors to take action and their results can be considered in the decision making process of the company (Choo,1996). The judgment taking authority has not taken the decision properly or the present situation is like that without taking any crucial decision the things can be worked out. Second approach to decision making is problem solving in this decision taking activity is regarded as problem solving activity and this activity is said to be completed when an effective and efficient solution is achieved.

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