爱尔兰宗教学论文代写:道教的吸引力

爱尔兰宗教学论文代写:道教的吸引力

道教因为是按照集体主义的路线而建立起来的,因此成为当时人们的一种有吸引力的宗教。噶玛和重生是佛教传入中国社会的。业力学说指出,每一个人的灵魂将成为他们出生时所积累和消极的载体(Kohn,2003)。出生的概念以及地狱和天堂的状态与个人因其生活方式而积累的个人痛苦有关。然而,中国人发现了这个人生责任的概念,苦难过于激烈,因此融合了社会层面的大乘佛教发展更为可以接受。大乘佛教把业力的影响分散给每个人,一个人的业力影响不仅导致自我的后果,而且导致每个人的后果。道教就是在这样的背景下诞生的。早期的道家能够提出这样一个事实:信仰和命运不仅是从自我继承的,而且也是从自己的祖先继承下来的(Kohn,2003)。根据道家的个人存在于一个收紧的超自然的家庭环境,也是家庭的延伸。即使是后来的道教,似乎也强调了这一点。中国文化更具集体主义性,而不是个人主义,因此道教成为人民的有吸引力的宗教。

爱尔兰宗教学论文代写:道教的吸引力

每个人都应该努力的共同救恩的观念得到了道教的支持,这导致了宗教的可持续性。救赎的概念与命运或太平经中所谓的“太平经”中的明代有关。

爱尔兰宗教学论文代写:道教的吸引力

Daoism became an attractive religion for people of the eras because it was constructed in the lines of collectivism. Karma and rebirth was introduced by Buddhism into Chinese society. The doctrine of karma stated that every individual soul will be a carrier of the positives and negatives that they accumulated in their birth (Kohn, 2003). The notion of birth and the states of hell and heaven were connected to these personal sufferings that an individual would accumulate by their way of living. However the Chinese found this concept of personal responsibility for one’s life, and sufferings were being too intense and hence the Mahayana developments that incorporated a social dimension were more acceptable. Mahayana distributes the effects of karma over everybody, an individual’s karmic influence not only led to consequences for self but for everybody. It was in this context that Daoism was born. Early Daoists were able to present the fact that belief and fate would not only be inherited from the self but will also be inherited from one’s ancestors (Kohn, 2003). The individual according to the Daoists existed in a tightened supernatural families setting and also the extensions of the family. Even the Daoists in the latter years seemed to emphasize on this point.  Chinese culture is more collectivistic rather than individualistic and hence Daoism became an attractive religion for the people.

爱尔兰宗教学论文代写:道教的吸引力

The concept of communal salvation that every individual should work towards was supported by Daoism and this lead to the sustainability of the religion. The concept of salvation is connected to fate or what is described as the Ming in the Taiping jing which is the Scriptures on Great Peace.

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