庭审开始，Heck Tate被质疑的第一人。他在审判期间始终保持中立，只是告诉发生的事件。他告诉法庭他被Bob Ewell叫去见他的女儿。当他到达ewells的房子，Mayella受伤了，告诉他汤姆强奸了她。在盘问他承认没有医生来检查Mayella。然后尤厄尔被要求审问，在法庭上使用粗口。艾蒂科斯根深蒂固，尤厄尔本人也会伤害和殴打Mayella（2010李Harper）。Mayella被质疑他尽管Atticus知道她躺在完全尊重身边的人。阿迪克斯问Mayella承认她没有被强奸，她的父亲打她但她喊回来在Atticus和指责成员法庭为懦夫如果他们不犯Tom Robinson。
唯一的目击者称Atticus是Tom Robinson。他对事件的真正但从未提及Mayella在撒谎。汤姆的一位白经理也声称，他从来没有面对任何问题，从汤姆的一面，但他被送去法庭法官扰乱审判（奥斯本和约翰，1995）。唯一的声明，对汤姆去了，他说他对不起Mayella，因此觉得帮助她。在Maycomb，黑人是不允许或同情的白人。在最后：把他的闭幕声明要求陪审团相信和逃避国家的假设 所有的黑人都是坏的，奖励汤姆与公义。
The trial starts and Heck Tate was the first person to be questioned. He remained mostly neutral throughout the trial and just told the incidences that took place. He told the court that he was called by Bob Ewell to see his daughter. When he reached Ewells’ house, Mayella was injured and told him that Tom raped her. On cross questioning he admitted that no doctor was called to examine Mayella. Then Ewell was called for questioning, who used foul language in the court. Atticus ingrained that Ewell himself would have hurt and beaten Mayella(Lee and Harper, 2010). Mayella was the next person to be questioned who was given complete respect in spite the fact that Atticus knew she was lying. Atticus asked Mayella to confess that she was not raped and her father had beaten her but she shouted back on Atticus and blamed members of courtroom as coward if they do not convict Tom Robinson.
Summary of Chapters 19 and 20
The only witness called by Atticus was Tom Robinson. He told the incident truly but never mentioned that Mayella is lying. One of the Tom’s white manager also claimed that he never faced any issue from Tom’s side but he was send out of the courtroom by the judge for disturbing the trial(Osborn and John,1995). The only statement which went against Tom was that he said he felt sorry for Mayella and hence helped her. At Maycomb, black people were not allowed to be or to feel sorry for whites. In the last Atticus puts his closing statement and asks jury to believe and elude the state’s supposition that all the black people are bad and reward Tom with righteousness.
In my opinion “To kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee is an excellent book with several messages. It is written very well and the stories involved in within the novel are interesting enough to keep the reader engaged(Phelps and Teresa, 1993). In my opinion the book is able to do a complete justice to the racial and social discrimination that was prevalent during those times in America. I could see that the novel was able to hold the comedy and cordiality in spite of taking care of thoughtful and sensitive matters like rape and racialism.