The results of this project are based on a survey questionnaire and the recommendations of group discussions. In addition, a careful analysis of research publications and studies on management of e-waste has been undertaken. As the results from survey questionnaire shows that e-waste shipments can be classified into legal, enforcement, economic issues and awareness of the NYS disposal laws. On one hand, there exists a demand gap which suggests that there is an increasing demand for second hand products or the products coming to an end-of-life for recycling or for waste recovery(CEA, 2009). On the other hand, different standards for sustainability of environment and for health effects from disposal of waste results in export of electronic waste to places which are less cost intensive.
There is a need to ensure awareness of the existing legislation regarding regulation of e-waste to the consumers for effective implementation of the disposal ban on e-waste.
This section examines the growth in the usage of various electronic equipments and their contribution to the significant increase in the e-waste.
The market for mobile phones shows an increasing replacement rate in the countries causing the large quantities of the same to enter into the global waste stream. Although the urban market has reached saturation, it is observed that there is a continuing growth in the usage of mobile phones in rural areas. Various research publications show that e-waste stemming from frequently changing mobile phones is concentrated in a small section of the market captured by Nokia acquiring 54% of the market share and the remaining percentage is accounted by other actors namely Motorola, Samsung and other brands (Matthews, 2003).
Although the recent technological advancements show that sale of desktops has slowed among the individual buyers, there is a continuing expectation of increasing sales being driven by professionals for official purposes. The replacement of older models of PCs with laptops, notebooks and newer models of PCs indicate the increasing disposal of the computers.
The same is observed in case of televisions. However, it is also observed that there is strong and continual growth of the television industry.These electronic equipments at the end of their life are either disposed-off or are collected to be recycled for recovery of materials.