英国论文代写:世界银行

英国论文代写:世界银行
问题:讨论并评估世界银行有选择性和战略性地不重新思考或重新评估其议程,而是为了支持现有政策优先事项的论点。
国家实体或新制度经济学在1937年由罗纳德·科斯首先采用,唯一的目的是填补传统理论中认为存在的差距。当严格地进行假设时,例如关于放松完美确定性的假设以及当观察与预测理论存在矛盾的兴趣时,这种差距就会产生(Reuschemeyer等,1992)。根据这一理论,有效的法律环境结构是高效营销系统的核心(Stiglitz,2002)。世行行长还实行了基于交易成本概念的政策。世界银行的重点是NIE对经济性体制的理论贡献,因为单位经济化降低了机会主义,个体的认知局限性得到了承认。
英国论文代写:世界银行

然而,正如在政治和经济环境中发生的其他任何事态发展一样,NIE的经济学在整个世界银行适用之前也对研究人员产生了个体影响(Edward et al 1954)。据理论家威廉森和理性主义,尽管北方等研究人员关注机构环境,但主要关注的贡献在于提倡机构安排,交易和治理的相关成本(North,1989)。从威廉姆森的角度来看,最终改革相关的逻辑进程产品是NIE(Thorp 1998)。在他的论文中,他主张NIE的各个阶段可能会重叠,但新阶段的存在不会导致前任歼灭。从这个角度来看,他建议以适度的方式对改革者进行改革,而不是从根本上对他们提出的策略提出质疑(Naim,2002)。

英国论文代写:世界银行

Question: Discuss and evaluate the argument that the World Bank used New Institutional Economics selectively and strategically not to re-think or re-evaluate its agenda but to buttress existing policy priorities.
The NIE or the new institutional economics was adopted first in the year 1937 by Ronald Coase with the sole aim of filling the gap perceived to exist in the traditional theory. This gap develops when assumptions are strictly made such as those regarding relaxation of perfect certainty and also when observing comes in conflicting interest with predicted theories (Reuschemeyer et al 1992). According to this theory, an effective structure of legal environment lies at the core of efficient systems of marketing (Stiglitz 2002). The President of the World Bank also implemented the policies based on the transactional cost conception. The World Bank’s focus was on NIE theoretical contributions on institutions of economic nature as unit economization decreases opportunism and an individual’s cognitive limitations are recognized.

英国论文代写:世界银行
However, just as any other development taking place in political and economic environments, the economics of NIE also impacted researchers individually before it was applicable throughout the World Bank (Edward et al 1954). According to Williamson, a theorist and a rationalism, even though researchers such as North have focused on the environment of institutions, the main concerned contribution lies in advocating the arrangement of institutions, related costs of transaction and governance (North 1989). From Williamson’s perspective, the final reform related logical progression product is NIE (Thorp 1998). In his paper he advocated that the phases in NIE might appear to overlap but the existence of a new phase cannot cause the predecessors to annihilate. From this perspective he suggested that, in a moderate manner, reformers should be reformed rather than raising a question on the strategies outlined by them fundamentally (Naim 2002).

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