英国硕士毕业论文字数:职业运动员的生涯决定薪水

英国硕士毕业论文字数:职业运动员的生涯决定薪水

然而,一些因素表明,职业运动员的工资偏低。不确定的职业生涯可能是职业球员薪水减少的原因。球员的职业生涯总是不稳定的。在体育劳动力市场,职业运动员普遍受到价格控制。有一些特定的标准可以决定一个特定球员的薪水。例如:在2006-07赛季,一名NBA球员的年薪为1262275美元,而他的工作经验至少有10年。尽管有这么多年的经验,球员的薪水却越来越少(埃文斯和勒菲弗,2011)。期望对球员和管理层决定工资起着重要的作用。球员的工资在赛季开始前就已经决定了。工资的高低取决于球员过去的表现(埃文斯和勒菲弗,2011)。基于期望的工资是球员的动力。最好的表现意味着将来有好的薪水。
一般来说,在体育市场上可以看到,尽管新球员在场上表现出色,但他们的工资却低于球队中有经验的球员。工资率差异的一个原因是准备金条款。根据这一条款,球员在职业生涯的前六年都要与合同保持联系。由于这个合同,新球员的议价能力变弱了。因此,球员的经验和工资有着直接的关系。经验越多薪水越高,反之亦然。当劳动力的卖方与劳动力的买方相互作用时,就形成了劳动力市场。人们把他们的服务卖给雇主,以换取收入或工资。在竞争激烈的劳动力市场中,有大量的买家和卖家(Glaeser&Kohlhase, 2003)。

英国硕士毕业论文字数:职业运动员的生涯决定薪水

However, some factors show that professional athletes are underpaid. Uncertain career could be the reason for fewer salaries to professional players. There is always instability in player’s profession. In the sports labour market price controls are prevailing for professional athletes. There are certain criteria through which salary of a specific player can be decided. For example: during the year 2006-07, an NBA player was earning $1,262,275 with an experience of at least 10 years. Despite of having so many years of experience players are getting less salary (Evens and Lefever, 2011).Expectation plays an important role for players and management in deciding wages. The salaries of players have been decided in advance before any sports season starts. Magnitude of salary depends upon the past performances of the player (Evens and Lefever, 2011). Salaries based on expectations act as a motivator for the players. Best performance means good salary in the future.
Generally, it is seen in the sports market that new players are paid less than the experienced players in the team despite of their performance on the field. One reason for this difference in wage rate is reserve clause. According to this clause, a player is tied to the contract for the first six years of his career. Due to this contract, bargaining power of a new player becomes less. Thus, there is a direct relationship between player’s experience and salaries. More experience leads to high salary and vice-versa. When a seller of labour interacts with buyer of labour, it forms a labour market. People sell their services to employers in return for getting income or wages. In a competitive labour market, there are large number of buyers and sellers (Glaeser&Kohlhase, 2003).

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